Ch17: Physical Processes
Terms in this set (33)
natural forces that change Earth's physical features, including forces that build up and wear down Earth's surface
the creation and movement of glaciers
the gradual wearing away of Earth's surface by the action of wind, water, ice, and gravity
the movement of plates below Earth's surface
the formation and eruption of volcanoes
Center of the earth
The layer of hot, molten rock between Earth's crust and core.
Liquid rock beneath the earth's surface
A layer of solid rock in the uppermost part of the mantle and the crust.
Earth's outermost layer.
Greek word meaning 'builder'
huge, slow moving sheets of ice
Huge pieces of lithosphere that slowly move
A mountain formed when a block of Earth's crust slides upward along a fault line
a mountain formed when colliding tectonic plates force Earth's crust to wrinkle or fold
the fractures along the plate boundaries
liquid rock that erupts from a volcano
the hole at the top of a volcano
the place where magma bursts through Earth's crust
the place deep underground where magma collects
Valleys eroded due to fast flowing water
The breaking down of rocks and other materials on the Earth's surface into smaller pieces
the downslope movement rock that has been weathered
Process in which sediment is laid down in new locations.
the action or process of a river depositing sediment
a valley formed by a moving glacier
pointed peak of a mountaintop shaped by a glacier
a mound of dirt and rocks left by a glacier
A thick sheet of ice covering a mass of land all year round; found ONLY in extremely cold climates
form in high mountain valleys
a slide of large masses of snow and ice and mud down a mountain
Ring of Fire
A major belt of volcanoes that rims the Pacific Ocean
Type of erosion caused by gravity
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