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Gillen Ch 3: Task Oriented Approach to Stroke Rehab
Terms in this set (31)
Which approach emphasizes the study of interaction between the person and the environment during everyday, functional tasks and the close linkage between perception and action (i.e. purposeful movement)
Which model of motor control is more interactive or heterarchical and emphasizes the role of the environment more than the earlier reflex-hierarchical model?
This is how the nervous system is organized, such that higher centers interact with the lower centers but do not control them.
Gibson's concept of ____ recognizes the close linkeage between perception and action in terms of what the information available in the environment means to a specific person.
____ systems theory proposes that behaviors emerge from the interaction of many systems and subsystems.
degrees of freedom
This is a way to describe the ways of performing a task available to persons (i.t. when one walks or brushes their teeth, they have many choices in how to perform the task)
The stability of motor behaviors, which are unique to each person, provide evidence for what concept?
These are changes in perferred patterns of coordinated behavior to another that happens during periods of life (i.e. after a stroke, or due to aging)
These are variable that shift behavior from one form to another, but do not control the change. They simply act as agents for reoganization of behavior into a new form
True or False: The systems view suggest that normal development follows a rigid sequence, as demonstrated by by motor milestones.
A set of processes associated with practice or experience leading to relatively permanent changes in the capabilities of responding
repetitive practice of several tasks in a varied sequence within a practice session
Repetitive practice of the same task within a practice session
Motor learning research has found that random practice is (more/less) effective than blocked practice.
It is has been found in motor learning research that practicing (parts of/whole) tasks have been more effective
When providing feedback, it has been found that (more/less) is better and enhances learning
The systems model of motor behavior
This model supports the occupational therapy task-oriented approach and emphasizes that occupational performance tasks and role performance emerge from an interaction of the person and his or her environment.
In the systems model of occupational performance, this concept consists of the cognitive, psychological, and sensorimotor subsystems.
In the systems model of occupational performance, this concept consists of the physical, cultural, and socioeconomic subsystems.
The assumption of the occupational therapy task-oriented approach is that ___ tasks help organize behavior
This assumption of the occupational therapy task-oriented approach assumes that WHAT emerges from the interaction of persons and his or her environment.
This assumption of the occupational therapy task-oriented approach assumes that recovery is ___ because patient factors and envrionmental contexts are unique.
The first step in the evaluation process is to assess ___ performance. (pg. 64)
When behaviors are stable, and therefore will require a great amount of time and effort to change, what appraoch should an OT use?
When behaviors are unstable, and therefore in transition, which approach would be best for an OT to use?
This requires therapists to observe their patients performing one or more occupational performance tasks, and evaluate the activity demands, context, patient factors, perfomance skills, and performance patterns.
What was thought by Bobath to the primary cause of motor decifits in the persons after stroke? (now it has been proven to be false)
Blocked practice is only advised when?
When the client is approaching discharge, how much feedback should a therapist give?
For many patients, the quickest and most effective way to improve occupational performance is to __ the task or environment.
constraint-induced movement therapy
This form of therapy involves high intensity therapy while the less involves arm is constrained
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