American Revolution Vocabulary
Terms in this set (21)
Committees of Correspondence
Organizations in each of the American colonies created to keep colonists abreast of developments with the British; served as powerful molders of public opinion against the British
a formal written request, typically one signed by many people, appealing to authority with respect to a particular cause.
citizen soldiers who could be ready to fight at a minute's notice
a person guilty of the crime of treason, or disloyalty to the government
A group of civilians trained to fight in emergencies
the first important battle of the American War of Independence (1775)
writ of assistance
a search warrant enabling customs officers to enter any location to look for evidence of smuggling
Author of Common Sense
A refusal to buy or use goods and services.
Patriots claimed a large supply of cannons and artillery in capturing this fort which were later used to run the British out of Boston
Boycotts against British goods adopted in response to the Stamp Act and, later, the Townshend and Intolerable Acts. The agreements were the most effective form of protest against British policies in the colonies.
Author of the Declaration of Independence
Boston Tea Party
A 1773 protest against British taxes in which Boston colonists disguised as Mohawks dumped valuable tea into Boston Harbor.
July 4, 1776
1765; law that taxed printed goods, including: playing cards, documents, newspapers, etc.
Olive Branch Petition
On July 8, 1775, the colonies made a final offer of peace to Britain, agreeing to be loyal to the British government if it addressed their grievances (repealed the Coercive Acts, ended the taxation without representation policies). It was rejected by Parliament, which in December 1775 passed the American Prohibitory Act forbidding all further trade with the colonies.
Declaration of Independence
1776 statement, issued by the Second Continental Congress, explaining why the colonies wanted independence from Britain.
Commander of the Continental Army
The first bloodshed of the American Revolution (1770), as British guards at the Boston Customs House opened fire on a crowd killing five Americans
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