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26 terms

Poetry Terms

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paradox
a statement of apparent contradiction that reveals an underlying truth
oxymoron
a two-word paradox
alliteration
repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
imagery
evokes sensory experiences for readers by appealing to the five senses
stanzas
function like paragraphs in prose
simile
compares two unlike things that have something in common, using the word "like" or "as"
narrative poetry
poetry that tells a story or recounts events
personification
lends human qualities to an object, idea, or animal
couplet
rhyming pairs of lines of equal length
consonance
repetition of consonant sounds within and at the end of words
quatrains
four line units
lyric poetry
brief poems in which the speakers share personal thoughts and feelings on a subject
free verse
poems that do not adhere to a regular pattern of rhythm and rhyme
dramatic poetry
poetry which presents one or more characters speaking, usually to other characters
elegy
a lyric poem in which the speaker meditates about death, usually as a tribute to one who has recently died
assonance
repetition of vowel sounds within words that don't rhyme
form
arrangement or words on a page
iambic pentameter
metrical pattern of five feet, each of which is made up of two syllables, the first unstressed and the second stressed
figurative language
language that communicates meanings beyond the literal meanings of words
rhythm
the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
rhyme scheme
a regular pattern of rhyme
metaphor
directly compares two unlike things by saying that one thing is actually the other
rhyme
similar sounds at the ends of lines or within lines
meter
emphasizes the musical quality of the language
hyperbole
a figure of speech in which the truth is exaggerated for emphasis
Petrachan sonnet
a poem with 8 lines per stanza with the following rhyme pattern abba abba