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a statement of apparent contradiction that reveals an underlying truth


a two-word paradox


repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words


evokes sensory experiences for readers by appealing to the five senses


function like paragraphs in prose


compares two unlike things that have something in common, using the word "like" or "as"

narrative poetry

poetry that tells a story or recounts events


lends human qualities to an object, idea, or animal


rhyming pairs of lines of equal length


repetition of consonant sounds within and at the end of words


four line units

lyric poetry

brief poems in which the speakers share personal thoughts and feelings on a subject

free verse

poems that do not adhere to a regular pattern of rhythm and rhyme

dramatic poetry

poetry which presents one or more characters speaking, usually to other characters


a lyric poem in which the speaker meditates about death, usually as a tribute to one who has recently died


repetition of vowel sounds within words that don't rhyme


arrangement or words on a page

iambic pentameter

metrical pattern of five feet, each of which is made up of two syllables, the first unstressed and the second stressed

figurative language

language that communicates meanings beyond the literal meanings of words


the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry

rhyme scheme

a regular pattern of rhyme


directly compares two unlike things by saying that one thing is actually the other


similar sounds at the ends of lines or within lines


emphasizes the musical quality of the language


a figure of speech in which the truth is exaggerated for emphasis

Petrachan sonnet

a poem with 8 lines per stanza with the following rhyme pattern abba abba

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