Terms in this set (61)
What are the four Organic Molecules?
A building block of polymer?
What is the monomer for carbohydrates?
Fatty Acid and Glycerol
What are the building blocks for lipids?
What is the monomer of proteins?
What is the monomer of nucleic acids?
What is another name for a protein?
Something that speeds up a reaction
Short Term Energy and Structure
What are the functions of carbohydrates?
Long Term Energy, cell membrane, energy storage, insulation
What are the functions of lipids?
Lower activation energy, movement, fight infection, structure, transport
Functions of Proteins?
Store genetic information
What are the functions of nucleic acids?
Fats, oils, waxes, sterols, phospholipid
What are examples of lipids?
DNA and RNA
What are examples of nucleic acids?
What bond connects amino acids?
When an enzyme changes shape due to high heat
What is this monomer?
What particles are in the nucleus?
What is the charge of a proton?
How many electrons to be stable?
The center of the atom
The type of bond that shares.
The "bond" that acts more like a magnet
A C-H Bond
To be organic what does a molecule have to have?
The property of water that causes droplets
Caused by COHESION, bug walk on water
When water sticks to other things
This is a...
When an atom has a partial positive and a partial negative charge.
The item being dissolved
Water breaking apart molecules is a...
Single bonded, straight, unhealthy
What comes before the arrow in a chemical reaction. Also known as substrate.
What comes after the arrow in a chemical reaction.
What we call the reactant the substrate bonds to.
The energy needed to start the reaction.
The area of the enzyme where the substrat bonds
pH of 1-6. Ex: Lemon Juice
Water. pH of 7
Laundry Powder pH of 8-14
Adds or Removes hydrogen in order to change the pH of a solution
Indicator for monosaccharides. Starts blue turns orange.
Indicator for Iodine. Starts rust turns black.
Polysaccharide. Makes up plant cell walls.
Polysaccharide. Makes up insect exoskeleton.
Plant short term energy
Animal short term energy. Stored in muscle or liver.
This image is a...
Triglyceride (glycerol and 3 fatty acid chains)
Subunit of a Lipid
This image is a ....
This image is a...
Bases: adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine.
Stays in Nucleus
Bases: adenine, guanine, cytosine, uracil
Moves from nucleus, cytoplasm, and ribosome
Pictured is a...
What changes between each of the amino acids?
Structural and Functional
The two types of proteins...
Enzyme substrate complex
pictured is a...
Lock and Key
Each substrate will only fit a specific enzyme
pH and temperature
Items that will impact the rate of reaction
Testosterone and Estrogen are examples of
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Genetics Vocabulary - Unit 7
Plasma Membrane (cell membrane)