The concept that describes opening a window into unfamiliar worlds that allows us to understand human behavior by placing it within its broader social context is called __________.
the sociological perspective (imagination)
The French sociologist Emile Durkheim is most identified with which of the following areas of study?
Karl Marx believed that _______ was the central force for social change, while Max Weber believed that _______ was the force most responsible for social change.
Functionalist and conflict theorists tend to focus on the __________, or large scale patterns of society, in conducting their analyses.
Sociologist who analyze how social life depends on the ways that people define themselves and others are most likely _______________.
Karl Marx suggested that the force that drives human history and is at the core of human society is _______.
When Harry returned from a business meeting in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, his wife asked him what he thought of the Vietnamese people. Harry replied, "They're primitive people who eat animals from the streets, drive wildly around town on motor scooters, and talk very fast." Harry's reply BEST qualifies as an example of ____________.
Sociologists use the concept of "norms" to describe _________.
expectations or rules of behavior that develop from values
Within a few blocks in midtown Manhattan, you can purchase a bagel with cream cheese, a hot dog, a steak, a polish sausage, or a pizza, as well as chow mien, lamb curry, sushi, lasagna, falafels, chicken couscous, enchiladas, and a host of ethnic specialties. This range of culinary possibilities illustrates the process of _________.
Receiving the Medal of Honor and making the Dea's List are both examples of ________.
In the "nature vs. nature" argument regarding socialization, teh "nurture" component refers to ___________.
the social environment
Based on studies of isolated and institutionalized children, what is the key variable in acquiring the basic "human" traits we take for granted?
intimate early social interaction
The Smiths are going Christmas shopping for their two children, Dick and Jane. They plan to buy Dick a Tonka truck and Jane a Barbie doll. Their selection of toys for their children is an example of __________ by parents.
John joined the military this year. When he arrived at boot camp he was immediately greeted with a degradation ceremony and came under total control of the officials. The military is an example of a(n) _______.
How does the mass media influence gender roles in contemporary American society?
it reinforced gender roles considered appropriate for one's sex
What two sociological perspectives are most closely linked to macro-sociology?
The difference between status and role is that __________.
we occupy a status that is a social position, but we play a role that is a social expectation
A system in which groups of people are divided into layers according to their relative power, property, and prestige is referred to as _______.
In every society, from the hunting and gathering society to the postindustrial society, the MOST common basis for social stratification has been __________.
In some societies, closely related members of the ruling class and the upper class marry to preserve the boundaries between castes, so the superior caste will not be contaminated by the inferior caste. This is a practice known as _________.
What are the three variable Max Weber identified as defining social class?
property, power, prestige
What is the upward or downward movement in social class by family members from one generation to the next?
As described in the text, what are two myths of race?
one race is superior to another; pure races exist
Pedro, a legal immigrant from Mexico, and George, a white male whose family has been in America for several generations, have each applied for a car loan at the local bank. Pedro's loan was turned down while George was granted a loan. In comparing their credit history, both men have good credit, and their debts and income were comparable. This is an example of _________ against Pedro.
Agatha has worked for ten years in the public relations department of a large firm. She has been promoted to several higher paying managerial positions, but never to an executive position, even though she has directed several successful projects for the firm. Her lack of promotion MOST likely illustrates ___________.
the "glass ceiling"
Sociologically, why is gender especially significant?
It is a master status cutting across all aspects of life
The term for the unequal access to power, prestige, and property based on a person's sex is _________.