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829 terms

Word Smart II

dunguyen1985
STUDY
PLAY
abase
to humiliate; to lower in esteem or dignity; to humble
abet
to support or encourage someone especially someone who as done something wrong
abeyance
suspension; temporary cessation ; obey
abjure
to repudiate; to take back; to refrain from
abomination
something despised or abhorred; extreme loathing
aboriginal
native; dating back to the very beginning
abound
to be very numerous
abrogate
to abolish or repeal formally; to set aside; to nullify
accede
to give in; to yeild; to agree
accentuate
to emphasize; to accent; to highlight
access
the right or ability to approach enter or use
acclaim
to praise publicly and enthusiastically
accord
to agree; to be in harmony; to grant or bestow
accouterments
personal clothing accessories or equipment; trappings
accrue
to accumulate over time
acquisitive
seeking or tending to acquire;
acquit
to find not guilty; to bahave or conduct oneself
acronym
a word made up of the initials of other words adage a traditional saying; a proverb
adduce
to bring forward as an example or as proof; to cite
adjourn
to suspend until another time
adjunct
something added to or connected with something else; an assistant
ad-lib
to improvise; speak or act spontanesously
advent
arrival; coming; beginning
adventitious
accidnetal; connected to but nonetheless unrelated; irrelevant
advocate
a person who argues in favor of a position
affidavit
a sworn written statement made before an official
affiliate
to become closely associated with
affliction
misery; illness;great suffering; a source of misery or great suffering
afford
to give; to supply; to confer upon
affront
insult; a deliberate act of disrespect
aftermath
consequence; events following some occurrence or calamity
aggrandize
to exaggerate; to cause to appear greater; to increasesomething in power reputation wealth etc
aggrieve
to mistreat; to do grievous injury to; to distress
aghast
terrified shocked
alchemy
a seemingly magical process of transformation
alienate
to estrange; to cause to feel unwelcome or unloved; to make hostile
allegiance
loyalty
allegory
a story in which the characters are symbols with moral or spiritual meanings
allot
to apportion allocate or assign allocate
altercation
a heated fight argument or quarrel
amass
to pile up; to accumulate; to collect for one's own use
amid
in the middle of
anathema
something or someone loathe or detested
ancillary
subordinate; providing assistance
angst
anxiety; fear; dread
annex
to add or attach
annuity
an annual allowance or income; the annual interest payment on an investment; any regular allowance or income
antedate
to be older than; to have come before
anterior
situated in front
anthology
a collection especially of literary works
antipodal
situated on opposite sides of the earth; exactly opposite
antiquity
ancientness; ancient times
aperture
an opening chasm
apex
highest point
apogee
the most distant point in the orbit of the moon or of an artificial satellite
apoplexy
stroke that is numbness and paralysis resulting from the sudden loss of blood flow to the brain
apostasy
abandonment or rejection of faith or loyalty
appalling
causing horror or consternation ; appellate- compell-
apparition
a ghost or ghostly object
appellation
a name
appendage
something added on to something else; a supplement
apportion
to distribute properionally; to divide into portions
apposite
distinctly suitable; pertinent
appraise
to estimate the value or quality of; to judge
apprise
to give notice to; to inform
appurtenance
something extra; an appendage; an accessory
apropos
appropriate; coming at the right time
apt
appropriate; having a tendency to; likely apposite apropos
archipelago
a large group of islands
archives
a place where historical documents or materials are stored; the documents or materials them
arid
very dry; lacking life interest or imagination
armament
implement of war; the process of arming for war
armistice
truce
arraign
to bring to court to answer an indictment; to accuse
arrant
utter; unmitigated; very bad
arrears
the state of being in debt; unpaid debts
arsenal
a collection of armaments; a facility for storing or producing armament; a supply of anything useful
articulate
to pronounce clearly; to express clearly
artisan
a person skilled in a craft
ascertain
to determine with certainty; to find out definitely
ascribe
to credit to or assign; to attribute
askance
with suspicion or disapproval
aspersion
a slanderous or damning remark
assail
to attack vigorously
assert
to claim strongly; to affirm
assess
to evaluate; to estimate; to appraise
astringent
harsh; severe; withering stringent- contingent-
asylum
a mental hospital or similar institution; refuge; a place of safety
atone
to make amends
atrophy
to wither away; to decline from disuse
attest
to give proof of; to declare to be true or correct; to give testimony
attribute
to credit to or assign; to ascribe
augur
to serve as an omen or be a sign; to predict or foretell
august
inspiring admiration or awe
auspices
protection; support; sponsorship
auxiliary
secondary; additional; giving assistance of aid
avail
to help; to be of use; to serve
aversion
a strong feeling of dislike
avert
to turn away; to prevent
avid
eager; enthusiastic avarice; arid-
bacchanal
a party animal; a drunken reveler; a drunken revelry or orgy
baleful
menacing; threatening
balk
to abruptly refuse to do something; ti stop short
ballyhoo
sensational advertising or promotion; uproar
balm
something that heals or soothes
bandy
to toss back and forth; to exchange
banter
an exchange of good-humored or mildly teasing remarks
baroque
extravagantly ornate; flamboyant in style
barrage
a concentrated outpouring of artillery fire or of anything else
bauble
a gaudy trinket; a small inexpensive on ornament
bedlam
noisy uproar and chaos;
begrudge
to envy another's possession or enj0yment of something; to be reluctant to give or to give grudgingly ; wistful
behest
command; order
bemoan
to mourn about; to lament
benediction
a blessing; an utterance of good wishes
benighted
ignorant; unenlightened
bestow
to present as a gift; to confer
bilious
ill-tempered; cranky irasible choleric
bivouac
a temporary encampment especially of soldiers
blanch
to turn pale; to cause to turn pale
bland
mild; tasteless; dull; unlively
blandishment
flattery
bliss
perfect contentment; extreme joy
bluster
to roar; to be loud; to be tumultous
bombast
pompous or pretentious speech of writing
bon vivant
a person who enjoys good food good drink and luxirious living
bona fide
sincere done or made in good faith; authentic; genuine
boon
a blessing; a benefit
boor
a rude or churlish person
booty
goods taken from an enemy in war; plunder; stolen or confiscated goods
botch
to bungle; to ruin through poor of clumsy effort
bracing
invigorating galvanize
brandish
to wave or display threateningly
bravado
a false show or ostentatious show of bravery or defiance
brawn
big muscles; great strength
brazen
impudent; bold
breach
a violation; a gap or break
brink
edge
bristle
to stiffen with anger; to appear in some way similar to hair standing on end
bromide
a dull obvious overfamilar saying; a cliche
brouhaha
uproar; hubbub
brusque
abrupt in manner; blunt
buffoon
a joker especially one who is coarse of acts like an ass
bulwark
a wall used as a defensive fortification; anything used as the main defense against anything else
cabal
a group of conspirators; the acts of such a group; a clique
cache
a hiding place; the things hidden in a secret place
calamity
a disaster
callous
insensitive; emotionally hardened
calumny
slander; a maliciously false statement
canon
a rule of law especially a religious one; a body of rules of laws;
cant
insincere of hypocritical speech
canvass
to seek votes or opinions; to conduct a survey
capacious
spacious; roomy; commodious
captivate
to fascinate; to enchant; to enrapture
carcinogenic
causing cancer
cardinal
most import; chief
careen
to swerve; to move rapidly without control; to lean to one side
cartography
the art of making maps and charts
cascade
a waterfall; anything resembling a waterfall
cataclysm
a violent upheaval; an earthquake; a horrible flood
cavalier
arrogant; haughty; carefree; casual
cavil
to quibble; to raise trivial objections
chaff
worthless stuff
chameleon
a highly changeable person
champion
to defend; to support
channel
to direct; to cause to follow a certain path
chaste
pure and unadorned; abstaining from sex
cherub
a supercute chubby-cheeked child; a kind of angel
chortle
to chuckle with glee
churl
a rude person; a boor
chutzpah
brazenness; audacity
cipher
zero; a nobody; a code; the solution to a code
circumnavigate
to sail or travel all the way around
citadel
a fortress defending a city; a stronghold; a bulwark
clandestine
concealed or secret usually for an evil or subversive purpose
classic
top-notch; highest quality; serving as a standard or model
cleave
to cling; to split rent
climatic
having to do with the climate
cloister
a covered walk with columns on one side that runs along the perimeter of a courtyard especially in a convent or monastery; a convent or monastery; a tranquil secluded place
clone
an exact duplicate; an organism genetically identical to another
clout
a blow; influence
cloy
to cause to feel too full especially when indulging in something Overly sweet; to become wearisome through excess
coddle
to baby
cogitate
to ponder; to meditate; to think carefully; ruminate deliberate
cohort
a group
commemorate
to honor the memory of; to serve as a memorial to
commiserate
to express sorrow or sympathy for; to sympathize with; to pity
commodious
spacious; roomy; capacious
compatible
harmonious; capable of functioning working or living together in harmony; consistent
competent
capable; qualified
compile
to gather together; to gather together into a book
comply
to act or be in accordance with
composed
calm; tranquil
compromise
a settlement of differences in which each side gives up something
compunction
remorse a feeling of uneasiness at doing something wrong
concave
curved inward like the inside of a circle or a shpere
concede
to acknowledge as true or right; to grant or yield
concentric
having the same center
concert
combined action; agreement
concoct
to create by mixing ingredients; to devise
concomitant
following from; accompanying; going along with
confederate
an ally; an accomplice
confer
to exchange ideas; to consult with; to bestow
confidant
a person with whom secrets or private thoughts are shared
configuration
arrangement
conflagration
a large fire
confluence
a flowing together
confound
to bewilder; to amaze; to throw into
congeal
to solidify; to jell
conjugal
having to do with marriage
connive
to conspire; to aid or encourage a wrong
conservatory
a greenhouse usually one attached to another structure; a music or drama school
consign
to hand over; to assign; to entrust; to banish
consolidate
to combine or bring together; to solidify; to strengthen
conspicuous
easily seen; impossible to miss
consternation
sudden confusion
constituency
the group of voters represented by a politician; a group of supporters for anything ; constitute
contempt
disdain; disgrace
continuum
a continuous whole without clear division into parts
contraband
smuggled goods
contretemps
an embracing occurrence; a mishap
contumely
rudeness; insolence; arrogance
conundrum
a puzzle or problem without a solution
convene
to gather together; to assemble; to meet
conversant
familiar; experienced
converse
the opposite
convey
to transport; to conduct; to communicate
conviction
strong belief; a determination of guilt
convolution
a twist or trun; the act of twisting or turning
copious
abundant; plentiful
cordial
gracious; warm; sincere loyalty
corollary
a proposition that follows easily
corporeal
material; tangible; having substance like the body
correlation
a mutual relation between two or more things
corrosive
eating away; destructive
corrugated
shaped with folds or waves
coterie
a group of close associates; a circleof freinds or associates
cower
to shrink away or huddle up in fear
crass
extremely unrefined; gross; stupid
craven
cowardly
crescendo
a gradual increase in the volume of a sound; a gradual increase in the intensity of anything
crestfallen
dejected; dispirited
crevice
a narrow split crack or fissure
cringe
to shrink back with fear; to cower; to be servile or suck up in a horrible way
critique
a critical review
crux
the central point; the essence
cuisine
a style of cooking
cull
to pick out from among many; to select; to collect
curb
to restrain or control
curmudgeon
a difficult bad-tempered person
cursory
quick and unthorough; hasty; superficial
debase
to lower in quality or value; to degrade
debunk
to expose the nonsense of
decree
an official order usually having the force of law
decry
to put down; to denounce
deem
to judge; to consider
deficit
a shortage especially of money
defile
to make filthy or foul; to desecrate desecrateconsecrate
deft
skillful
defunct
no longer in effect; no longer in existence 1. deceased; 2. demise
degrade
to lower in dignity or status; to corrupt; to deteriorate
deign
to condescend; to think it in accordance with one's dignity ~ condescend
deity
a god or goddness
dejected
depressed; disheartened
delectable
delightful; delicious ; deleterous
delinquent
neglecting a duty or law; late in payment lazy guilty
delve
to search or study intensively
demeanor
behavior; manner behavior
demise
death defunct
demography
the statistical study of characteristics of populations
demur
to object; to take exception
demure
shy; reserved; sedate
denomination
a classfication; a category name
denote
to signify; to indicate; to mark
denounce
to condemn
depict
to portray especially in a picture; to describe
deplete
to decrease the supply of; to exhaust; to use up
deplore
to regret; to condemn; to lament lamnet mourn
deploy
to station soldiers or armaments strategically; to arrange strategically
depose
to remove from office or position of power ;abdicate
depredate
to prey upon; to plunder
derelict
neglectful; delinquent; deserted; abandoned
desist
to stop doing something; renounce
devout
deeply religious; fervent devote
diatribe
a bitter abusive denunciation
dichotomy
division into two parts especially contradictory ones
diffuse
to cause to spread out; to cause to disperse;
dilapidated
broken-down; fallen into ruin devastate
dilate
to make larger; to become larger; to speak or write at length
dilemma
a situation in which one must choose between two equally attractive choices; any problem or predicament
diminution
the act or process of diminishing; reduction diminish
dire
disastrous; desperate
dirge
a funeral song
disaffect
to cause to lose affection; to estrange; to alienate; disgruntle
disarray
disorder; confusion
disclaim
to deny any claim to; to renounce
discomfit
to frustrate; to confuse ;frustrate; confuged
disconcert
to upset; to ruffle; to perturb
discourse
spoken or written expression in words; conversation
discrepancy
difference; inconsistency
discursive
rambling from one topic to another usually aimlessly
disgruntle
to make sulky and dissatisfied; to discontent
dismal
dreary; causing gloom; causing dread
dismay
to fill with dread; to discourage greatly to perturb
dispassionate
unaffected by passion; impartial; calm indifferent
disperse
to scatter; to spread widely; to disseminate
dispirit
to discourage; to dishearten; to lose spirit
disposition
characteristic attitude; state of mind; inclination; arrangement
disproportionate
out of proportion; too much or too little
disquiet
to make uneasy
dissemble
to conceal the real nature of; to act or speak falsely in order to
dissent
to disagree; to withhold approval
disservice
a harmful action; an ill turn
dissident
a person who disagrees or dissents
dissuade
to persuade not to
distinct
separate; different; clear and unmistakable
diurnal
occurring overy day; occurring during the daytime
divine
to intuit; to prophesy
divulge
to reveal especially to reveal something that has been a screat
document
to support with evidence especially written evidence
doldrums
low spirits; a state of inactivity
doleful
sorrowful; filled with frief
dolt
a stupid person; a dunce
dotage
senility; foolish affection
dour
forbidding; severe; gloomy
downcast
directed downward; dejected; depressed
downplay
to minimize; to represent as being insignificant; to play down
draconian
harsh; sever; cruel
droll
humorous; amusing in an odd often understated way
dross
worthless stuff especially worthless stuff arising
duress
coercion; compulsion by force or threat
ebb
to diminish; to recede
ecclesiastical
having to do with the church
eclipse
to block the light of; to overshadow; to reduce the significance of;
edict
an official decree
edifice
a big imposing building
effectual
effective; adequate
efficacy
effectiveness
effigy
a likeness of someone especially one used in expressing hatred for the person of whom it is a likeness
elation
a feeling of great joy
electorate
the body of people entitled to vote in an election; the voters
elegy
a mournful poem or other piece of writing; a mournful piece of music
elite
the best or most select group
elocution
the art of public speaking
emaciate
to make extremely thin through starvation or illness
emanate
to come forth; to issue
emancipate
to liberate; to free from bondage or restraint
embargo
a government order suspending foreign trade; a government order suspending the movement of freight-carrying ships in and out of the country's ports
embellish
to adorn; to beautify by adding ornaments; to add fanciful or fictitious embody to personify; to give physical form to
embroil
to involve in conflict; to throw into disorder
embryonic
undeveloped; rudimentary
emissary
a messenger of representative sent to represent another
empathy
identification with the feelings or thoughts of another
empower
to give power or authority to; to enable
endear
to make dear; to make beloved
engaging
charming; pleasing; attractive
enmity
deep hatred; animosity; ill will
ennui
boredom; listless lack of interest
ensue
to follow immediately afterward; to result
entail
to have as a necessary consequence; to involve
entity
something that exists; a distinct thing
entreat
to ask earnestly; to beg; to plead
entrepreneur
an independent business person;
enumerate
to name one by one; to list
envision
to imagine; to foresee
epicure
a person with refined taste in wine and food
epilogue
an afterword; a short concluding chapter of a book; a short speech at the end of a play
epoch
an era; a distinctive period of time
equestrian
having to do with horseback riding
estimable
worthy of admiration; capable of being estimated
estrange
to make unfriendly or hostile; to cause to feel removed from
ethics
moral standards governing behavior
eulogy
spoken or written tribute to a person especially a person who has just died
evince
to demonstrate convincingly; to prove
evoke
to summon farth; to draw forth; to awaken; to produce of suggest
excise
to remove by cutting or as if by cutting
exempt
excused; not subject ot
exhume
to unbury; to dig out of the ground
exodus
a mass departure or journey away
exorbitant
excessively costly; excessive
expiate
to make amends for; to atone for
explicate
to make a detailed explanation of the meaning of
exposition
explanation; a large public exhibition
expostulate
to reason with someone in order to warn or dissuade
expunge
to erase; to eliminate any trace of efface excise
exquisite
extraordinarily fine or beautiful; intense
extant
still in existence
extort
to obtain through force threat or illicit means
extremity
the outermost point or edge; the greatest degree; grave danger;
exuberant
highly joyous or enthusiastic; overflowing; lavish
facade
the front of a building; the false front of a building; the false front or misleading appearance of anything
facet
any of the flat polished surfaces of a cut gem; aspect
fallacy
a false notion or belief; a misconception
fathom
to understand; to penetrate the meaning of sound
faux
false
fawn
to exhibit affection; to seek favor through flattery;
feign
to make a false representation of; to pretend
fester
to generate pus; to decay erode corrosive
fetish
an object of obsessive reverence attention or interest
fiasco
a complete failure or disaster; an incredible
fiat
an arbitrary decree or order
fickle
likely to change for no good reason
figment
something made up or invented; a fabrication
fiscal
pertaining to financial matters; monetary
fledgling
inexperienced or immature
flippant
frivolously disrespectful; saucy; pert; flip
florid
ruddy; flushed; red-faced
fodder
coarse food for livestock; raw material
folly
foolishness; insanity; imprudence
foray
a quick raid or attack; an initial venture
forebode
to be an omen of; to predict; to foretell
foreclose
to deprive a mortgagor of his or her right to redeem a property; to shut out or exclude
forensic
related to or used in courts of law
forestall
to thwart prevent or hinder something from happening; to head off
forswear
to retract renounce or recant; to take back recant
forte
a person's strong point special talent or specialty
forthright
frank; outspoken; going straight to the point
foster
to encourage; to promote the development of
fragmentary
incomplete; disconnected; made up of fragments
fruitful
productive; producing good or abundant results; successful
fuel
to stimulate; to ignite; to kindle as if providing with fuel
fulminate
to denounce vigorously; to protest vehemently against something
gaffe
a social blunder; an embarrassing mistake; a faux pas
galvanize
to startle into sudden activity; to revitalize
gambit
a scheme to gain an advantage; a ploy
gamut
the full range of something
garner
to gather; to acquire; to earn
gastronomy
the art of eating well
generic
general; common; not protected by trademark
genesis
origin; creation; beginning
genocide
the extermination of a notional racial or religious group
germane
applicable; pertinent; relevant pertinent
ghastly
shockingly horrible; frightful; ghostlike
gratis
free of charge
grievous
tragic; agonizing; severe mourn bemoan;
grimace
to make an ugly disapproving facial expression
guise
appearance; semblance
habituate
to train; to accustom to a situation
halcyon
peaceful; carefree;
harass
to attack repeatedly; to torment or pester
harbinger
a precursor; an indication; an omen
harp
to repeat tediously; to go on and on about something
harry
to harass; to annoy
heinous
shockingly evil; abominable; atrocious
herald
a royal proclaimer; a harbinger
hoary
gray or white with age; ancient; stale
homage
reverence; respect
hubris
arrogance; excessive pride
hypocrisy
insincerity; two-facedness
imbue
to inspire; to permeate or tinge
impasse
a deadlock; a situation from which there is no escape
impeach
to accuse or indict; to challenge; call into question
impecunious
without money; penniless
impede
to obstruct or interfere with; to delay
impending
approaching; imminent; looming
impenetrable
incapable of being penetrated; impervious; incomprehensible
imperative
completely necessary; vitally important
impetuous
rash; overimpulsive; headlong
implication
something implied or suggested; ramification
importune
to urge with annoying persistence; to trouble
impoverish
to reduce to poverty; to make destitute
impregnable
unconquerable; able to withstand attack
impresario
a person who manages public entertainments especially operas but other events as well
impromptu
done without preparation on the spur of the moment
improvise
to perform without preparation; to make do with whatever materials are available
impunity
freedom from punishment or harm
inadvertent
unintentional; heedless; not planned insouciant
inalienable
sacred; incapable of being transferred lost or taken away
incarnation
embodiment
incendiary
used for setting property on fire; tending to arouse passion or anger; inflammatory
inclination
tendency; preference; liking
inculcate
to instill or implant by repeated suggestions or admonitions
incumbent
currently holding an office; obligatory
incursion
a hostile invasion; a raid
indict
to charge with a crime; to accuse of wrongdoing
induce
to persuade; to influence; to cause
ineluctable
inescapable; incapable of being resisted or avoided
ineradicable
incapable of being removed or destroyed or eradicated
inflammatory
fiery; tending to arouse passion or anger; incendiary
influx
inflow; arrival of large numbers of people or things; inundation
infraction
violation; infringement; the breaking of a law
infrastructure
the basic framework of a system; foundation
infringe
to violate; to encroach or trespass
infuse
to introduce into; to instill
ingratiate
to work to make yourself liked
inimical
unfavorable; harmful; detrimental; hostile
inimitable
impossible to imitate; incomparable; matchless; the best
innuendo
an insinuation; a sly hint
inquisition
ruthless questioning; an official investigation characterized by cruelty
insouciant
nonchalant; lighthearted; carefree
insufferable
unbearable; intolerable
insuperable
unable to be overcome; insurmountable; overwhelming
insurrection
an act of open rebellion against
integral
essential; indispensable
interim
meantime; an intervening time; a temporary arrangement
interloper
intruder; trespasser; unwanted person
interlude
an intervening episode; an intermission; a pause episode
interminable
seemingly unending; tediously long
intermittent
occasional; repeatedly starting and stopping; recurrent
intersperse
to place at intervals; to scatter among
intervene
to come between opposing groups; to mediate; to take place; to occur between times
intimate
to hint or imply
intricate
complicated; sophisticated; having many parts or facest
intrigue
a secret scheme; a crafty plot
invidious
causing envy or resentment; offensively harmful
inviolate
free from injury; pure
invoke
to entreat or pray for; to call on as in prayer; to declare to be in effect
iridescent
displaying glowing changing colors
jaunt
a short pleasure trip
jingoism
belligerent chauvinistic patriotism; warmongering
jocular
humorous; jolly; fond of joking
jubilation
exultant joy
junction
convergence; linkup; the act or state of being joined together
junta
a small grouup ruling a country after a coup d'etat
larceny
theft; robbery
lascivious
lustful; obscene; lewd
lavish
to spend freely or bestow generously; to squander
lax
negligent; lazy; irresponsible
layman
a nonprofessional; a person who is not a member of the clergy
liaison
connection; association; alliance; secret love affair
licentious
lascivious; lewd; promiscuous; amoral
limpid
transparent; clear; lucid
listless
sluggish; without energy or enthusiasm
litany
recital or list; tedious recounting
livid
discolored; black and blue; enraged
loath
extremely unwilling; reluctant
lobby
to urge legislative action; to exert influence
lout
boor; oaf; clod ;boor
ludicrous
ridiculous; absurd
lyrical
melodious; songlike; poetic
malapropism
humorous misuse of a word that sounds similar to the word intended but has a ludicrously different meaning
mania
crazed excessive excitement; insanity; delusion
marginal
related to or located at the margin or border;
at the lower limit of quality;
insignificant
materialistic
preoccupied with material things; greedy for possessions
mawkish
overly sentimental; maudlin
meander
to travel along a winding or indirect route; to ramble or stray from the topic
medium
the means by which something is conveyed or accomplished; a substance through which something is transferred or conveyed;
melancholy
gloomy; depressed and weary
melee
a brawl; a confused fight or struggle; a violent free for-all; tumultuous menagerie a collection of animals
meticulous
precise and careful about details; fussy
millennium
a period of 1000 years; a thousandth anniversary
more
marshy mucky ground
mode
method of doing; type; manner; fashion
modulate
to reduce or regulate; to lessen the intensity of
momentum
force of movement; speed; impetus
moratorium
s suspension of activity; a period of delay
mores
customary moral standards
motif
a recurring theme or idea
motley
extremely varied or diverse; heterogeneous; multicolored
municipal
pertaining to a city or town and its government
muse
to ponder; to meditate
muster
to assemble for battle or inspection; to summon up
mystic
otherworldly; mysterious; enigmatic
nebulous
vague or indistinct; unclear; hazy
nemesis
unconquerable opponent or rival; one who seeks just compensation or revenge to right a wrong
neophyte
beginner; novice
nirvana
a blissful painless worry-free state
noisome
offensive or disgusting; stinking; noxious
nomadic
wandering from place to place; without a permanent home
nomenclature
a set or system of names; a designation; a terminology
nonchalant
indifferent; coolly unconcerned; blasé
nullify
to repeal; to cancel; to void
obeisance
a bow or curtsy; deep reverence obedient obedience obeisant obey
objective
unbiased; unprejudiced
obtrusive
interfering; meddlesome; having a tendency to butt in obtrude compelling coerce
obviate
to make unnecessary; to avert
occult
supernatural; magic; mystical
odious
hateful; evil; vile
odyssey
a long difficult journey usually marked by many changes of fortune
olfactory
pertaining to the sense of smell
oligarchy
government by only a very few people
ominous
threatening; menacing; portending doom
omniscient
all-knowing; having infinite wisdom
opprobrious
damning; extremely critical; disgraceful
ordinance
law; regulation; decree
oscillate
to pulsate; to waver or vacillate between beliefs or ideas
osmosis
gradual or subtle absorption
ostracize
to shun; to shut out
oust
to eject; to expel; to banish
override
to overrule; to prevail over
overture
opening move; preliminary offer
oxymoron
a figure of speech in which two contradictory words or phrases are used together
palatable
pleasant to the taste; agreeable to the feelings
pallor
paleness; whiteness
pandemic
prevalent throughout a large area
panegyric
elaborate praise; eulogy
parable
religious allegory; fable; morality tale; palpable=touchable culpable=guilty
paragon
a model or pattern of excellence
parallel
similar comparable
paranoia
a mental illness in which the sufferer believes people are out to get him; unreasonable anxiety
paranormal
having to do with an event or events that can't be explained scientifically; supernatural
paroxysm
a sudden violent outburst; a severe attack
partition
division; dividing wall
pastoral
rural; rustic; peaceful and calm like the country
pathos
that which makes people feel pity or sorrow
patina
surface discoloration caused by age
patrimony
an inheritance especially from a father; a legacy
peculiar
unusual; bizarre; individual; belonging to a particular region
peregrination
wandering; traveling
perpetrator
the one who committed the act
perpetuate
to make something perpetual; to keep from perishing
perverse
contrary; stubborn
phantasm
apparition; ghost; phantom
phlegmatic
calm or indifferent; not easily roused to excitement
pilgrimage
religious o spiritual journey; excursion; peregrination
placebo
a fake medication; a fake medicatin used as a control in tests of the
platonic
nonsexual; purely spiritual
plausible
believable; convincing
pliable
flexible; easy to bend; easy to convince persuade or mold
plight
a dangerous distressing or unpleasant situation
plunder
to loot; o ransack
pluralism
a condition of society in which distinct groups exist and function together get retain their own identities
porous
filled with many tiny holes; permeable; absorbent
posterity
future generations; descendants; heirs
posthumous
occurring after one's death; published after the death of the author
posture
to act or speak artificially or affectedly
prattle
to chatter on and on; to babble childishly
precarious
dangerously insecure or unsteady
precocious
unusually mature; uncommonly gifted
predecessor
someone or something that precedes in time
predicament
a dangerous or unpleasant situation; a dilemma
predispose
to make susceptible; to put in a frame of mind for; to incline toward
predominant
most important; dominant; having power over others
pregnant
highly significant; overflowing
prelude
introduction; something that precedes something else
premeditated
planned beforehand; prearranged; plotted
preponderance
superiority in weight number size extent influence ext. majority; predominance
presage
to portend; to foreshadow; to forecast or predict
presentiment
the feeling that something especially bad is about to happen
presumably
probably; the assumption is that; doubtless
presuppose
to assume beforehand; to take for granted in advance; to require as a prior condition
primal
first; original; of the greatest importance
pristine
perfectly clean and untouched; uncontaminated
privation
lack of comforts or necessities; poverty
proclaim
to announce; declare; make known
procure
to obtain or acquire by special means
progeny
offspring; descendants
propagate
to reproduce; to multiply; to spread or disseminate
propound
to set forth or propose; to offer for consideration propose
protocol
diplomatic etiquette and customs
provocation
the act of provoking; incitement; cause
prowess
exceptional skill or strength; uncommon bravery
prurient
having lustful thoughts or desires; causing lust
pseudonym
a false name; an alias
psyche
the human soul; the mind; the spirit
pummel
to pound or punch with the fists ; plumb=plummet
punctilious
meticulously attentive to detail; scrupulously and sometimes annoyingly exact
pundit
an expert; an authority; a learned person erudite
pungent
sharp-tasting or sharp-smelling; acrid; causing or incisive ; repugnant-
punitive
inflicting a punishment
purblind
dim-sighted; practically blind; lacking understanding or imagination
puritanical
very severe and strict about morals
quaint
pleasantly old-fashioned; picturesque
quandary
state of perplexity; predicament
quasi
almost; near; resembling
quay
a landing on the edge of the water; wharf; pier
quell
to put an end to; to squelch; to suppress
query
a question; an inquiry
queue
a line or file
quiescent
motionless; at rest; still
quintessential
being the most perfect example of
quizzical
teasing; mocking; questioning; inquisitive
quotidian
daily; everyday; ordinary
rampant
widespread; uncontrollable; prevalent; raging
rapture
ecstasy; bliss; unequaled joy
rarefied
esoteric; interesting to a select group only; exalted
ratify
to confirm; to approve something formally
ratiocination
logical reasoning
rationale
underlying reason; basis; reasoning
raucous
stridently loud; harsh; rowdy
reactionary
ultraconservative; right-wing; backward-thinking
rebuff
to snub; to reject
recidivism
the act of repeating an offense
redeem
to buy back; to fulfill; to make up for; to rescue from sin
redress
to remedy; to make amends for
referendum
a public vote on a measure proposed or passed by a legislature
refractory
disobedient and hard to manage; resisting treatment
regime
a governing power; a system of government;
regimen
a regulated course
remission
the temporary or permanent disappearance of a disease; pardon
remuneration
payment; recompense
rend
to tear; to rip
render
to make; to cause to be; to provide; to depict
repartee
a quick witty reply; witty spirited conversation full of quick witty replies
replicate
to reproduce exactly; to duplicate; to repeat
repose
rest; tranqillity; relaxation
repress
to hold back; to conceal from oneself; to suppress
reprimand
stern reproof; official rebuke
reprisal
retaliation; revenge; counterattack
reprobate
a depraved wicked person; a degenerate
repugnant
repulsive; offensive; disgusting
resignation
passive submission; acquiescence
resplendent
brilliantly shining; radiant; dazzling
resurrection
return to life; revival
retort
to make a sharp reply
retrospect
looking backward; a review
revamp
to revise; to renovate
revel
to enjoy thoroughly; to take delight in; to carouse
revile
to scold abusively; to berate; to denounce
revulsion
loathing; repugnance; disgust
rhapsodize
to speak extremely enthusiastically; to gush
ribald
indecent or vulgar; off-color
rife
occurring frequently; widespread; common; swarming
rivet
to engross; to hold firmly
rout
to put to flight; to scatter; to cause a huge defeat
rue
to mourn; to regret
sally
a sudden rushing attack; an excursion; an expedition; a repartee; a clever rejoinder
salutation
greeting; welcome; opening words of greeting
sanction
official permission or approval; endorsement; punitive measure
sarcasm
irony; jokingly or bitingly saying the opposite of what is meant sneer
savant
a scholar; a very knowledgeable and learned person pundit erudite
scant
limited; meager; barely sufficient
schism
division; separation; discord or disharmony
scorn
to disdain; to find someone or something contemptible
seamless
without a seam; without anything to indicate where two things were joined together; smooth
secede
to withdraw from an alliance
seclusion
aloneness; withdrawal from other people
sect
a small religious subgroup or religion; any group with a uniting theme of purpose
sedentary
largely confined to sitting down; not physically active
self-made
having succeeded in life without help from others
sententious
preachy; pompous; excessively moralizing; self-righteous
serene
calm; peaceful; tranquil; untroubled
serpentine
snakelike in either shape or movement; winding as a snake travels
shackle
a manacle; a restraint
shibboleth
a distinctive word pronunciation or behavior that typifies a particular group; a slogan or catchword
shrewd
wily; cunning; sly
singular
exceptional; unique; unusual
skirmish
a fight between small numbers of troops; a brief conflict
skittish
nervous; easily startled; jumpy
slake
to quench; to satisfy; to assuage
solace
consolation; comfort
solidarity
sense of unity; a sense of sharing a common goal or attitude
sophomoric
juvenile; childishly goofy
sordid
morally vile; filthy; squalid
sovereign
supreme ruler; monarch
spate
a sudden outpouring
specious
something that seems correct or appropriate but that lacks real worth; deceptive; misleading; not genuine superfluous
specter
ghost; phantom
spectrum
a broad sequence or range of different but related thing s or ideas
spurn
to reject disdainfully; to scorn
stalwart
sturdily built; robust; valiant; unwavering
stark
utter; unmitigated; harsh; desolate
stint
to restrict or hold back on; to be frugal
stipend
income; allowance; salary
stolid
not easily roused to emotion; impassive; apathetic; phlegmatic
stout
plump; stocky; substantial
stratagem
a maneuver designed to outwit an enemy; a scheme; a ruse
stupendous
remarkable; extraordinary; remarkably large or extraordinarily gigantic
stupor
a stunned condition; near-unconsciousness; apathy; inertia
subside
to sink or settle; to diminish; to lessen
subsidiary
supplemental; additional; secondary or subordinate
subsidize
to provide financial aid; to make a financial contribution
substantiate
to prove; to verify; to confirm
subterfuge
artifice; a trick or stratagem; a ruse
suffice
to be sufficient; to be enough
suffrage
the right to vote
suffuse
to cover; to overspread; to saturate
sumptuous
luxurious; splendid; lavish
supersede
to take the place of; to supplant; to make something obsolete
supine
lying on one's back
supplication
humble prayer; earnest entreaty
suppress
to overpower; to subdue; to quash
surmise
to conjecture; to guess
surreal
having an unreal fantastic quality; hallucinatory; dreamlike
susceptible
capable of being influenced by something; capable of being or receptive to
sweeping
far-reaching; extensive; wide-ranging
systemic
affecting the entire system especially the entire body
tactical
having to do with tactics especially naval or military tactics; marked tactics or deft maneuvering
taint
contaminant; a trace of something spoiled contaminated off-flavor
tedium
dullness; monotony; boredom
teem
to swarm; to be inundated; to overrun
temporal
pertaining to time; pertaining to life; earthly existence; noneternal; short-lived
temporize
to stall; to cause delay through indecision; extemporize-
tepid
lukewarm; halfhearted
thorny
full of difficulties; tough; painful
threshold
the sill of a doorway; a house's or building's entrance; any point of beginning or entering
throttle
to choke; to strangle; to work a fuel lever or feed the flow of fuel to an engine
thwart
to prevent from being accomplished; to frustrate; to hinder
timorous
fearful; easily frightened
titillate
to excite; to stimulate; to tease
titular
in title or name only; nominal
toil
hard work; labor; drudgery; exhausting effort
tortuous
winding; twisting; serpentine; full of curves
toxic
poisonous
transfix
to cause to stand motionless with awe amazement emotion; to rivet
trauma
severe shock or distress; a violent wound; a wrenching experience
travesty
a grotesque or shameful imitation; a mockery; a perversion
trenchant
concise; effective; caustic; sarcastic cf. nonchalant=indifferent penchant-
triumvirate
a ruling coalition of three officials; any group of three working jointly
tryst
a secret meeting of lovers
tumult
violent noisy commotion; uproar; outbreak
turbid
murky; opaque; unclear
turmoil
state of great confusion or commotion
uncanny
extraordinary; unimaginable; seeming supernatural
underlying
basic; fundamental; only noticeable under scrutiny
undermine
to impair; to subvert; to weaken by excavating underneath
underpinning
a system of supports beneath; a foundation or basis
underscore
to underline; to emphasize
underwrite
to sponsor; to subsidize; to insure
unilateral
involving one side only; done on behalf of one side only;
usury
lending money at an extremely high rate of interest
vacuous
empty of content; lacking in ideas or intelligence
vagary
whim; unpredictable action; wild notion
vanquish
to conquer; to overpower
veneer
facade; coating; outward appearance
verdant
covered with green plants; leafy; inexperience
verge
border; brink; edge
verity
the quality of being true; something true
vie
to complete; to contest; to struggle
vigilant
constantly alert; watchful; wary
vignette
a small decorative design or drawing; a short literary sketch; a brief but expressive scene in a play or movie
viscous
thick; gluey; sticky
vivacious
lively; animated; full of pep
vogue
fashion; style
voluminous
large; extensive; having great volume
voluptuous
pleasant to the senses; luxurious; pleasure-seeking; extra full and shapely
voracious
having a huge appetite; ravenously
waft
to float; to drift; to blow
waive
to relinquish a right; to forgo; to put aside for the time being
wake
an all-night vigil kept over a dead body before it is buried;
wane
to decrease in strength or intensity; ti fade away; to decline in power
warrant
to justify; to provide grounds for; to guarantee
wary
cautions; watchful; carefull
wizened
shriveled; withered; shrunken
woe
suffering; affliction; distress
wrath
deep anger; fury
zeitgeist
the mood or spirit of the times
zenith
highest point; peak; pinnacle