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51 terms

WW1

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Kaiser wilhelm
German emperor during World War I
jeanette rankin
1st female member of congress, voted against the United States going into WW1
bernard baruch
Head of the war industries board
william mcadoo
Director of Railroads Administration and Chairman of the Federal Reserve
herbert hoover
head of the food administration encouraged wheatless heatless and meatless days
george creel
Headed the Committee on Public Information, for promoting the war effort in WWI
john j pershing
commander of the American Expeditionary Force (AEF)
Vladimir lenin
Russian founder of the Bolsheviks and leader of the Russian Revolution and first head of the USSR (1870-1924)
alvin york
killed 25 machine-gunners and captured 132 German soldiers when his soldiers took cover; won Congressional Medal of Freedom
eddie rickenbacker
the most decorated United States combat pilot in World War I (1890-1973)
D lloyd george
British prime minister during WW1
georges clemenceau
prime minister of France
vittorio orlando
prime minister of Italy
ho chi minh
Communist leader of Vietnam
robert laFollette
was the governor of Wisconsin,Leader of the Progressives
henery cabot lodge
led a group of conservative senators against League of nations
WEB dubois
Early civil rights leader and founder of the NAACP. Du Bois demanded equality for African-Americans
A mitchell palmer
attorney general who authorized anti-radical raids and deportations
j edgar hoover
put in charge to fight against radicals during the Red Scare after World War 1
calvin coolidge
elected Vice President and succeeded as 30th President of the United States when Harding died in 1923 (1872-1933)
emma goldman
An outspoken radical who was deported after being arrested on charges of being an anarchist, socialist, or labour agitator.
warren g harding
president after World War I who promised to return the US to normal
triple entente
An alliance between Great Britain, France and Russia in the years before WWI.
triple alliance
Alliance between Germany, Italy, Austria Hungry
central powers
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and Ottoman Empire
stalemate
deadlock; situation in which further action is blocked
declaration of london
statement drafted by an international conference in 1909 to clarify international law and specify the rights of neutral nations
U-boat
German Submarine
Lusitania
Sunk in 1915 by a German submarine. 139 American killed. Forced Germany to stop submarine warfare.
sussex pledge
A promise Germany made to America, after Wilson threatened to sever ties, to stop sinking their ships without warning.
self-determination
major idea of the 14 Points
war industries board
supervised the nation's industrial production
liberty bonds
Where people bought bonds so the government could get that money now for war. The bonds increased in interest over time.
committee on public information
Organization also known as the Creel Commision which was responsible for rallying American's around the war effort through propaganda
espionage and sedition acts
two laws, enacted in 1917 and 1918, that imposed harsh penalties on anyone interfering with or speaking against U.S. participation in WWI
american expeditionary force
About 2 million Americans went to France as members of this under General John J. Pershing
convoy system
a system in which merchant ships travel with naval vessels for protection
bolsheviks
Led by Vladimir Lenin it was the Russian communist party that took over the Russian goverment during WWI
battle of argonne
Allies offensive. U.S. troops v. Germany in the Argonne region of France. Aided in the breakdown of German resistance and the German request for an armistice.
conscientious objector
person who refuses to enter the military or bear arms due to moral or religious reasons
poison gas
introduced by the Germans and was used by both sides during the war; caused vomiting, blindness, and suffocation
fourteen points
the war aims outlined by President Wilson in 1918, which he believed would promote lasting peace; called for self-determination, freedom of the seas, free trade, end to secret agreements, reduction of arms and a league of nations
league of nations
An organization of nations formed after World War I to promote cooperation and peace.
treaty of versailles
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
cordon sanitaire
attempts to prevent the spread of an ideology deemed unwanted or dangerous
war guilt
The idea that Germany caused the war on their own
irreconcilables
Senators who voted against the League of Nations with or without reservations
reservationists
Senators who pledged to vote in favor of the Treaty of Versailles if certain changes were made - led by Henry Cabot Lodge
influenza
the flu
red scare
a period of general fear of communists
election of 1920
Harding (R) vs Cox (D) 2) Main issue was the treaty of Versailles