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AP World Period 2 Vocab
Terms in this set (30)
A Chinese philosophy distinguished by an adherence to clear laws with vigorous punishments.
Largest city in pre-Columbian America, flourished between 300-600 C.E. during which it governed or influenced the surrounding region.
Persian monotheistic religion
A radical form of direct democracy in which much of the free male population of Athens had the franchise (right to vote) and office holders were chosen by lot.
The notion in Confucian thought that a woman is permanently subordinate to male control; first to her father, then her husband, and last to her son
Chinese philosophy advocating the moral example of superiors as the key element to social order
City in southern Nubia that was the center of Nubian civilization between 300 B.C.E. and 100 C.E.
Monotheistic religion of the Hebrews, emphasizing a sole personal god with concerns for social justice
Ruled from 221-210 B.C.E., forcibly reunited China and established a strong and repressive state built around ideas of legalism.
A great Hindu epic text which affirms the performance of caste duties as a path to religious liberation.
Caste as Varna
System of social organization in India based on four inherited classes
Chinese philosophy that advocates simplicity and understanding of the world of nature
Christian kingdom in East Africa that flourished from 100 to 600 C.E.
A secularizing system of scientific and philosophic thought that developed in classical Greece in the period 600 to 300 B.C.E.; emphasized the power of education and human reason to understand the world.
The period from 323 to 30 B.C.E. in which Greek culture spread widely in Eurasia in the kingdoms ruled by Alexander's political successors.
A modified version of Buddhism, emphasized that help was available to individuals crossing the river to Enlightenment
most famous ruler of the Mauryan empire who converted to Buddhism and tried to rule peacefully and with tolerance
earliest religious texts of India that are a collection of ancient poems, hymns, and rituals that had been passed down orally
People who migrated to settle large portions of eastern and southern Africa, introducing agricultural techniques and ironworking technology
First great Greek philosopher to turn rationalism toward questions of human existence
Alexander the Great
Leader from Macedonia who conquered the Persian Empire and part of northwest India
Yellow Turban Rebellion
Massive Chinese peasant uprising inspired by Daoist teachings that began in 184 C.E. with the goal of establishing a new golden age of equality and harmony.
Center of a large Peruvian religious movement from 900-200 B.C.E.
Caste as Jati
System of social organization in India based on social distinctions determined by occupation
Indian mystical and philosophical work written between 800 and 400 B.C.E.
Wrote The Republic as a design for a good society ruled by highly educated elites
Refers to the "Teaching of the Elders", which was the early form of Buddhism which thought of the Buddha as a wise teacher, not a divine leader
Emerged as the sole ruler of the Roman state at the end of an extender period of civil war
Teacher of Alexander the Great who exemplifies the Greek way of knowing
The Indian prince turned ascetic who founded Buddhism
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