Humanities

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Terms in this set (...)

Freestanding Sculpture
Sculpture that stands on its own
Relief Sculpture
Carved out/ into a support
Composition
Orderly arrangement of things
Twisted Perspective
"Hall of Bulls" showing object in 2 different points of view
Landscape
image of land and natural objects
Megalith
A large stone "stonehenge"
Tumulus
A mound over a grave
Post-and-litel System
2 uprights with a horizontal over it
Henge
circle
Trilithon
3 stones arranged in post-and-lintels
Capital (of a column)
Top most part of column
Cylinder Seal
Circular object rolled over wet clay "cuniform" "images"
Hypostyle Hall
Large space supported by columns
Register
A band on a work of art
Amulet
Small object that had gods on them (believed to get to after life)
Clerestory
A row of windows in the upper part of a wall.
Entasis
Curve of a column (Stonehenge)
Mortice and tenon
Projection on 1 stone to the stone above
Ethos
Character (who you are as a person)
Weight Shift
weight going from one hip to the next
Epithet
Phrase after person to help remember them
Hubris
Over winning pride
Know the author, narrative, and principle characters of The Illiad and The Odyssey
Author: Homer
Narrative: iliac =trojan war
odyssey= Odysseus coming home from the trojan war
Characters: Achilles, Agamemnon, Odysseus, Helen, Paris, Menaleus, Patroclus, Hector, Priam,
Ideas of Empedocles
earth, air, fire, water
Ideas of Pythagoras
reality is math; mathematician and mystic (had a CULT following)
Ideas of Heraclitus
believed only reality is a reality of change; "can't put foot in the same river twice"
Ideas of Democritus
atoms
Discuss The Epic of Gilgamesh
Celebrates accomplishments of Gilgamesh, King of Mesopotamia. Goes on journey in search of immortality, but it doesn't work; "the gods have ruled your decision, so you have to deal with it." Enkidu - wild man who the gods sent Gilgamesh to defeat. Beat him in contest of strength, became brothers, then Enk ended up died. So he began searching for immortality. Immortal man told G that it's not worth it. ****THE FIRST JONAH****
Venus of Willendorf
Paleolithic ; 28,000 - 25,000 BCE ; Free standing; hips and breast are large, suggesting she is a mother; she has no face; woven hat or hair → 7 rows; no arms; very small
Hall of Bulls, Lascaux
Paleolithic ; 1600 - 1400 BCE ; Twisted perspective; profile
Stonehenge
Neolithic ; 2550 - 1600 BCE ; top is level even though ground slopes; complete circle; post & lintels; project outward; England
Stele of Hammurabi
Mesopotamian ; 1760 BCE ; sun god; horn head dress; eye - to - eye; harsh; giving rod (ruling)
Victory stele of Naram-Sin
Neolithic ; 2300 - 2200 BCE ; semi - god like; horns; victory guys walking up
The White Temple and ziggurat
Egyptian ; 3200-3000 BCE ; sumerians believed that their gods resided above them and they would descend to meet then priests in the temples built high above ground.
Palette of Narmer
Egyptian ; 3200 BCE ; commemorate; the joining of north to south Egypt; Pharaoh - frontal chest, profile leg, holds mass in hands with bull tail; goddess hathar; beating on enemy; upper Egypt = better; image of power of the pharaoh; eye makeup
Last Judgment of Hunefer
Egyptian ; 1300-1290 BCE ; After life = war goal; better place; never ending; saved bodies; Anubis is the god of mummification; Hunefer's heart is being weighed against a feather of mot (balance/order/truth); lotus = new birth; what Egyptians believe
The Great Sphinx
Egyptian ; 2520 - 2494 BCE ; Napoleon messed up nose
Statue of Khafre
Egyptian ; 2500 BCE ; arved into it; makes it last longer; idealized portrait (lower); lotus (upper) & papyrus = unification of Egypt; lion on throne = king of beast
Bust of Queen Neferiti
Egyptian ; 1344 BCE ; known for her beauty
Akhenaton, Nefertiti, and three daughters
Armana ; 1353 - 1335 BCE ; rays of sun in face with ink = comes from life
Tutankhamen, death mask and innermost coffin
Egyptian ; 1323 BCE ; Egyptians used as a road map for the afterlife, spell protects the various limbs of Tutankhamen as he moves into the underworld
Figure of a Woman
Cycladic ; 2600-2300 BCE ; found at a foot of the grave. It is unsure if it is the deceased or it represents a goddess.
Palace at Knossos/ East Wing Stairwell
Minoan ; 1700-1370 BCE ; myth of the minotaur (half man/bull); 7 young men and women sent to die; Theseus is the hero for killing the minotaur; maze - like labyrinth
Bull-leaping fresco
Minoan ; 1500 BCE ; not idealized; looked like in movement
Lion Gate/ Citadel at Mycenae
Mycenaean ; 1300-1250 BCE ; gate of Agamemnon; post - and - lintel; alter and lions lady lions
Treasury of Atreus
Mycenaean ; 1300 - 1250 BCE ;
Funerary "Mask of Agamemnon"
Mycenaean ; 1600-1500 BCE ; found by the sketchy guy who said he "saw the face of Agamemnon"...people think he prolly put the more "modern-day" mustache onto the mask
Geometric Krater
Greek ; 740 BCE ; no clothes (nudity is idealized for Greeks); right foot forward
Kroisos
Greek ; 490 BCE ; Relief Sculpture; more naturalistically rendered; more detailed
Peplos Kore
Greek ; 530 BCE ; her left arm was probably holding an item that would signify what kind of a goddess she was; SMILING; traces of paint show us that she was painted, meaning the Greeks painted their sculptures
Kritios Boy
Greek ; 490 BCE ;weight shift (ready to move) missing limbs; no smile but short hair
Achilles and Ajax Playing Dice
Greek ; 540-530 BCE ; Achilles on left
New York Kouros
Greek ; 600 BCE; no clothes (nudity is idealized for Greeks); right foot forward
Lamassu, Guardian figures at Gate A of the Citadel of Sargon
Egyptian ; 1000-500 BCE ; bulls with head of man and wings; combination of the natural and the supernatural; two standing static when you look at it from the front; four moving forewords when you look at it from the side
Great Pyramids, Gizah
Cycladic ; 2551 - 2472 BCE ; solid stone with a few chambers in them; entire complex dedicated to burial of pharaohs
Difference between Doric and Ionic Orders
The doric is plain as day
The Ionic looks fancy # embeleshed
How does Herodotus' notions about history differ from more modern concepts?
First greek Historian. His fault was hubris. He interpreted history more with personality than with economic causes.

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