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AP Lit Tone Test Words
Terms in this set (57)
Words taken at face value. "I'm hungry"
Overstatement, exaggeration for effect, often ironic. "I'm starving"
A form of understatement, saying the opposite of what we mean or affirmation by using the negative. "Hey skinny" (said to someone who's fat) or "You won't be sorry" (which means you will be glad)
Balancing contrasting ideas. "Man hungers, God fulfills"
Seemingly contradictory statement with underlying truth. "When I seem fullest, I'm often hungry"
Purposeful ambiguity when a word or phrase is open to two interpretations, one of which is often risqué. "I'm having an old friend for dinner"
Alignment of opposites, usually a phrase. "Bittersweet chocolate"
One word or phrase substituted for another with which it is closely associated (such as crown or royalty). Also the rhetorical strategy of describing something indirectly by referring to things around them; such as describing someone's clothing to characterize them "the chicken salad left without paying" said the waitress
When a part is used to trident a whole, the whole for a part, the specific general, the general for the specific, or the material for the thing made from it. "All hands on deck"
Giving human qualities to nonhumans. "My Dinah was begging for food"
Dictionary definition of a word
Emotional/feeling definition of a word
Talking to (addressing) someone who is not present. "Why'd you have to feed me garlic, Ma?" addressing the sky when a cute person walks by.
A well-known reference. A direct or indirect reference to something that is commonly known, such as an event, myth, book. "You have the appetite of King Henry the VIII"
An object that suggests an idea or emotion. "Eve bit the apple"
A comparison using "like" or "as".
"I feel like a starving refugee."
A comparison of two seemingly unlike things for dramatic effect. "My stomach is an empty gas tank and I need fuel."
To place dissimilar items, descriptions or ideas close together or side by side, especially for comparison or contrast.
The use of words appealing to the senses. "The essence of sizzling food, frying on the stove, wafted into my bedroom as I slowly opened my sleepy eyes." Visual/Auditory/Olfactory/Tactile/Gustatory
A mild or indirect word, substituted for one that may be too harsh. "Passed on" is a euphemism for "died."
When a lesser expression is used than was expected. For example, if a character loses and an arm and says "that stings a bit"
An extended narrative in which characters and actions, and sometimes settings, are contrived to make sense on the literal level and at the same time to signify a second, correlated order of characters, concepts, events. Also carries a second, deeper meaning. "Justice holds the balance and is blind and seeks the truth"
A wonderful form of comic word play in which one word is mistakenly substituted for another that sounds similar.
One of the most commonly used figures of stress, it means repeating one word within the same lines or clause. "Make war against themselves, blood against blood, self against self"
Literal term used to describe the individual writing style of an author
The study of meter and rhythm in literature and poetry
The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of a series of words. "Josephine jumps for joy"
The repetition of vowel sounds within a series of words "How now brown cow?"
Words that imitate or make the source of the sound they are describing. "Splash/tick-tock/buzz"
A form of word play that exploits ambiguity between similar sounds for humorous or rhetorical effect.
Same sound, different spelling
Same spelling, different meaning
Pleasing to the ear through a harmonious combination of words
Harsh, discordant combination of sounds
A metrical foot of poetry consisting of one stressed syllable, followed by one unstressed syllable
A metrical foot consisting of two long (stressed) syllables. Since it's difficult to construct, it's usually occurs as variants within different structures
A type of meter in poetry that's a long syllable followed by two short syllables. It's a stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables.
Consist of two short syllables followed by a long one. ( 2 unstressed syllables followed by one stressed)
The repetition of consonant sounds within a series of words. "Some mammals are clammy"
The contrast between what's stated explicitly and what's really meant.
The audience knows what the character doesn't. When words and actions possess a significance that the audience understands, but the character doesn't
A discrepancy between what's said and what actually exists. When the result of an action is contrary to the desired of intention and result.
A disparity between human desires and the harsh realities of the outside world
Saying the opposite of what you mean. When a speaker says one thing but means another. (sarcasm)
Any verse that doesn't rhyme. Form closest to the natural rhythms of English speech.
A pause in line of poetry to make the meaning clear or to follow the natural rhythm of speech.
Latin for "seize the day"
A pair of rhymes lines
A regional speech pattern. A writer is relying on language to make a passage feel personal and authentic
A formal mediative poem or lament for the dead.
Three dots indicating that words have been left out of a quotation
The ending of a series of lines, phrases, or sentences w/ the same word(s) to emphasize the word or groups of words for emotional impact
A minor character whose situation or actions parallel those of a major character and thus, by contrast, set off or illuminate the major character
The combination of stressed and unstressed syllables that make up the metric unit of a line
Poetry that doesn't follow a prescribed form but is characterized by irregularity in the length of the lines and a lack of a regular metrical pattern and rhyme
The pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables or the units of stress patterns
Any poem in which a speaker expresses intensely personal emotion or thoughts
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