Renaissance through Enlightenment Terms
Terms in this set (26)
Dutch Catholic Priest who wanted to reform the Church
A theoretical orientation that emphasizes the unique qualities of humans, especially their freedom and their potential for personal growth.
An extension of the Italian Renaissance to the nations Germany, Flanders, France, and England; it took on a more religious nature than the Italian Renaissance
(1469-1527) an Italian author who wrote "The Prince" and gave expression to the Renaissance preoccupation with political power
developed the printing press using movable type
German theologian who in 1517 launched the protestant reformation in reaction to corruption in the catholic church.
Edict of Worms
declared Martin Luther an outlaw within the empire and his works were to be burned and luther himself captured and delivered to the emperor
Exclude from a church or a religious community
Peace of Augsburg
1555 agreement declaring that the religion of each German state would be decided by its ruler
Also known as the Society of Jesus; founded by Ignatius Loyola (1491-1556) as a teaching and missionary order to resist the spread of Protestantism.
founder of the Society of Jesus (Jesuits) who were dedicated to promoting the Catholic faith through missionary work
Council of Trent
A meeting of Roman Catholic leaders, called by Pope Paul III to rule on doctrines criticized by the Protestant reformers.
(1491-1547) King of England who transformed his country into a Protestant nation during the Reformation.
Form of Protestantism set up in England after 1534; established by Henry VIII with himself as head, at least in part to obtain a divorce from his first wife; became increasingly Protestant following Henry's death
A popular Enlightenment era belief that there is a God, but that God isn't involved in people's lives or in revealing truths to prophets.
(1564-1642) An Italian who provided more evidence for heliocentrism and questioned if the heavens really were perfect. He invented a new telescope and determined the moon was made of matter.
A model of the solar system in which Earth and the other planets revolve around the sun
A model of the universe in which Earth is at the center of the revolving planets and stars.
Developed the first modern theory of a sun-centered universe
German astronomer who first stated laws of planetary motion (1571-1630)
17th century French philosopher; wrote Discourse on Method; 1st principle "i think therefore i am"; believed mind and matter were completly seperate; known as father of modern rationalism
Defined the laws of motion and gravity. Tried to explain motion of the universe.
English philosopher who developed scientific method; believed that instead of relying on the ideas of ancient authorites, scientists should use inductive reasoning to learn about nature; wanted science to benefit industry, agriculture, and trade
17th century English philosopher who opposed the Divine Right of Kings and who asserted that people have a natural right to life, liberty, and property.
-Believed man is self- serving and quarrelsome by nature
European Style Family
originated in 15th century among peasants and artisans of western europe, featuring late marriage age,emphasis on the nuclear family,and a large minority who never married
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