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AP COGO UK
Terms in this set (44)
A system where the voter has the chance to rank the candidates in order of preference rather than voting for a single candidate
Great self-denial, economy, discipline; lack of adornment
Members of a parliament who are not in the government or shadow cabinet.
British prime minister since 1997 and architect of "New Labour". Favored low taxes, tightly controlled social spending, and closer ties to Europe.
British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC)
Developed in the Collective Consensus era, this was the TV and Radio Network in England, It was meant to be more educational and was generally kind to government officials.
British National Party
Extreme right party in Britain that formed in 1982. It is against immigration into the UK.
Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, resigned after the Brexit votee
Chancellor of the Exchequer
The British Cabinet minister responsible for financial and economic matters and in charge of the Treasury.
Leader of the Liberal Democrats since 2007. His party is underrepresented in Parliament compared to the number of votes they received
When two or more parties join together to form a majority in a national legislature. This form of government is quite common in the multiparty systems of Europe.
Cross-party British support for the welfare state that lasted until the late 1970s.
in a parliamentary system, the concept that all cabinet members agree on policy decisions and that all will be responsible for the results
A legal system based on custom and court rulings
A political party in Great Britain which developed from the Tories in the 1830s, One of the two major parties in the UK, it is generally more right wing, and more towards free-markets and the upper classes,advocates a mixed economy and encourages property owning
"Constitution of the Crown"
Loose collection of documents, laws, and norms, composed of Magna Carta, Bill of Rights and Common Law that form Great Britain's "unwritten constitution"
The process whereby regions within a state demand and gain political strength and growing autonomy at the expense of the central government.
People opposed to the UK's membership in the EU and the expansion of the EU's power.
First-Past-the-Post Voting System
the election process for representatives in the House of Commons; it means winner take all; the candidate who receives the most votes is elected and there is no need for a majority nor an element of proportional representation
Good Friday Agreement
Historic 1998 accord between Protestants and Catholics in Northern Ireland that ended decades of violence
Seats in the House of Lords that were granted to aristocratic families in perpetuity but were largely eliminated by recent legislation
A situation after an election when no single party comprises a majority in the Commons.
British working-class political party established in the 1890s and dedicated to reforms and a peaceful transition to socialism, in time providing a viable alternative to the revolutionary emphasis of Marxism.
5 included in the chamber who until 2009 served as Britain's highest court of appeals but they could never rule acts of Parliament unconstitutional
created in the late 1800s. The last prime minister was in the 1920s. Historically, this was the opposition party to the conservatives. The Conservatives were on the right center and the liberals were pure center. Politically, not much of a difference between the two, could live with each of them. The Liberals have declined throughout the 20th century, down to only holding 20 seats. They are around 50-55 seats today.
In the UK, distinguished members of society who are given lifetime appointments to the House of Lords
a role that the party out of power plays, highlighting its objections to policies and priorities of the government in power
An approach to the world economy, developed in the 1970s, that favored reduced tariffs, the free movement of capital, a mobile and temporary workforce, the privatization of industry, and the curtailing of government efforts to regulate the economy.
A system of government in which the chief executive is the leader whose party holds the most seats in the legislature after an election or whose party forms a major part of the ruling coalition.
A constitutional principle of government (principally in Britain) by which the legislature reserves the power to make or overturn any law without recourse by the executive, the judiciary, or the monarchy. Only Parliament can nullify or overturn legislation approved by Parliament; and Parliament can force the cabinet or the government to resign by voting a motion of no confidence.
the nationalist party in Wales that advocates more rights for the Welsh people, including use of the Welsh language
Quasi-nongovernmental organization. These organizations have considerable amount of influence over policy making in health care, education and housing.
In the United Kingdom, the times set aside Monday through Thursday every week for Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition (the party out of power) to criticize and scrutinize the actions and decisions of the government (the party in power); twice each week, the prime minister must answer hostile questions fired at him or her by the opposition.
a general vote by the electorate on a single political question that has been referred to them for a direct decision.
Scottish National Party
centre-left political party which campaigns for Scottish independence, most popular party in scotland
In systems like Britain's, the official leadership of the opposition party that "shadows" the cabinet.
An Irish republican political movement founded in 1905 to promote independence from England and unification of Ireland
Speaker of the House of Commons
MP elected by fellow MPs to impartially chair debates, keep order and call MPs to speak in the Commons chamber
The economic policy of British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. Reduced state economic power and introduced free market and privatization with certain constraints. Deregulated the UK's market.
The Third Way
Term describing recent policies of the Labour Party that embrace the free market
UK Independence Party (UKIP)
Eurosceptic, conservative, right-wing, populist political party in the UK. It called for the UK's exit from the European Union (when Nigel Farage was leader). It promotes a British unionist and nationalist agenda, encouraging a unitary British identity in opposition to growing Welsh and Scottish nationalisms. It has also placed emphasis on lowering immigration, rejecting multiculturalism, and opposing what it calls the "Islamification" of Britain.
A centralized government in which all government powers belong to a single, central agency.
"Vote of No Confidence"
A process in a parliamentary system where a majority of parliament members vote to remove the Prime Minister from office.
A government that undertakes responsibility for the welfare of its citizens through programs in public health and public housing and pensions and unemployment compensation etc.
The British civil service, a wide street in London stretching from Trafalgar Square to the Houses of Parliament, Main British government offices
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
COGO Unit 1 Vocab
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