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History 2502 Midterm Part 1- Fitzmorris
Terms in this set (51)
the New Departure
Political strategy used by the Democratic Party in the United States after 1865 to distance itself from its pro-slavery and Copperhead history in an effort to broaden its political base, and focus on issues where it had more of an advantage, especially economic issues
Southern acceptance of Reconstruction and black suffrage
Political violence to overthrow Reconstruction and suppression of the black vote. Democrats wanted to regain political control.
Democrats who won back political office in the South
Battle of Liberty Square
September 1874, New Orleans
Democratic-conservative white league fought the republican police over political control
William Jennings Bryan
Called "The Great Commoner"
Democratic nominee in the election of 1896
Famous for his "Cross of Gold" speech
Admiral of the Navy
Best known for his victory at the Battle of Manila Bay during the Spanish-American War
the Roosevelt Corollary
a corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
The U.S. will intervene in Latin American countries to keep European countries out
The first Jewish man to be named to the Supreme Court
Ash Can School
An artistic movement in the United States during the early 20th century that is best known for works portraying scenes of daily life in New York, often in the city's poorer neighborhoods
How did Chicago become the centerpiece of the railroad world?
Thomas A. Edison
"Wizard of Menlo Park"
1,000 patents on inventions
Major developments in electrical devices
Helped form General Electric with Morgan
Explain how Democrats and Republicans developed their platforms and what tactics they used in winning elections.
Wounded Knee Massacre
Army troops surrounded a group of about 300 Native American men, women, and children and massacred them. Last battle of the Indian Wars
the Big Bonanza
Virginia City, Nevada
An enormous gold and silver ore body
Her mom was a desegregation activist who fought for Chinese-Americans' access to education
Tape v. Hurley (1885): the Supreme Court of California stated that public schools could not exclude her for being Chinese-American
GOP candidate in the election of 1896
"Front porch" campaign
25th U.S. president (1896-1901) and a nationally-known Republican leader - upheld the gold standard in the 1896 election and defeated William Jennings Bryan (Democratic/Populist candidate campaigning for "free silver")
It was passed as part of the 1901 Army Appropriations Bill. It stipulated seven conditions for the withdrawal of United States troops remaining in Cuba at the end of the Spanish-American War
An American politician and women's rights advocate, and the first woman to hold federal office in the United States. She was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives by the state of Montana in 1916.
The only woman to date elected to Congress from Montana.
Theodore Roosevelt's domestic program
"Three C's": conservation of natural resources, control of corporations, and consumer protection.
Fair treatment for all parties in business
Creation of the Department of Commerce
Basically a business referee—doing well and behaving, moderating disputes
An American composer and pianist, achieved fame for his ragtime compositions
"King of Ragtime"
Democratic nominee of the election of 1876, won the popular vote
Believed that all Reconstruction officials were corrupt and whites "rescued" the South from blacks and carpetbagger
Statutes that allowed for the creation of land-grant colleges in U.S. states using the proceeds of federal land sales.
American financier and banker who dominated corporate finance and industrial consolidation in the United States of America in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Philanthropy- Gospel of Wealth
John D. Rockefeller
the combination in one company of two or more stages of production normally operated by separate companies
English-born, American labor union leader and a key figure in American labor history. Gompers founded the American Federation of Labor
Grand Army of the Republic
an organization composed of veterans who served in the American Civil War for the Northern/Federal forces
Waving the Bloody Shirt
Used in the American election campaigns in the 19th century, used to ridicule opposing politicians who made emotional calls to avenge the blood of the northern soldiers that died in the Civil War
Coalition of farmers, that fought monopolistic grain transport practices during the decade following the American Civil War
social organization of farmers founded in 1867, which later called for federal regulation of railroads and other reforms
post-Civil War American political party opposing reduction in the amount of paper money in circulation
A faction of the Republican Party that tried to give party favorites a government office, utilized the spoils system, and added to corruption
Republican political activists who bolted from the United States Republican Party by supporting Democratic candidate Grover Cleveland in the United States presidential election of 1884
A Lakota leader who led his people during years of resistance to United States government policies, played a role in the Battle of the Little Bighorn
Plessy v. Ferguson
It upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality, a doctrine that came to be known as "separate but equal".
Battleship commissioned in 1895 that was part of the new U.S. Navy fleet of steel ships. It exploded in Havana Harbor in 1898 and precipitated U.S. entry into the Spanish-American War.
Religious movement incorporated into numerous American Indian belief systems. Used to reunite the living with spirits of the dead, bring the spirits of the dead to fight on their behalf, make the white colonists leave, and bring peace, prosperity, and unity to Native American peoples
writers and journalists who exposed to the public shameful conditions in businesses and other areas of American life that resulted from industrialization
the Wisconsin Idea
Direct primaries, business regulation and taxes, merit system for state employees
Robert M. Lafollette
American Republican and Progressive politician. He represented Wisconsin in both chambers of Congress and served as the Governor of Wisconsin
political party mainly representing Western farmers formed in 1891 - called for free coinage of silver and paper money, national income tax, direct election of U.S. senators, regulation of railroads, and other government reforms to help farmers
a social reformers and the founder of Hull House (the first settlement house), which provided English lessons for immigrants and relief for the poor
***also a prominent figure in both the suffrage movement and the peace movement.
W.E.B. Du Bois
African American Progressive and advocate for African American equality - believed that African Americans should strive for full rights immediately through education; founded the NAACP
Booker T. Washington
African American Progressive and former slave - supported segregation and called for African Americans to prove themselves to the white society and ultimately achieve social equality through hard work; founded the Tuskegee Institute
Battle of Little Big Horn
The Cheyenne and Lakota won the battle, all of Clusters soldiers died
An example of how Native Americans fought efforts to move onto Reservation
Fort Laramie Treaty
An agreement that existed between the Federal government and the Native American tribes near Fort Laramie in Wyoming. The officials had each Indian nation keep to a limited area. In return, they made all kind of promises of money, supplies, and that the land would be theirs forever
the nickname given to farmers on the Great Plains because they used plows to break up the thick grasssod) and reach the soil below
Supporters of Ohio populist Jacob Coxey who in 1894 marched on Washington, demanded that the government create jobs for the unemployed; although this group had no effect whatsoever on policy, it did demonstrate the social and economic impact of the Panic of 1893.
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