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20 terms

Classification of Tissues - Chapter 6A

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Connective Tissue
Anchors, packages and supports body organs, the most durable tissue type, abundant nonliving extracellular matrix, most widespread tissue in the body
Epithelium
Lines body cavities and covers the body's external surface, cells may absorb, secrete and filter, synthesizes hormones
Muscle
Pumps blood, flushes urine out of the body, allows one to swing a bat, major function is to contract, in terms of pounds - most widespread tissue in the body
Nervous Tissue
Transmits electrochemical impulses, most involved in regulating and controlling body functions, synthesizes hormones, forms nerves and the brain
Simple Columnar Epithelium
Non-ciliated type lines the digestive tract, gallbladder, excretory ducts of some glands; ciliated variety lines small bronchi, uterine tubes and some regions of the uterus
Simple Cuboidal Epithelium
Kidney tubules; ducts and secretory portions of small glands; ovary surface
Simple Squamous Epithelium
Kidney glomeruli; air sacs of the lungs; lining of heart, blood vessels and lymphatic vessels; lining of ventral body cavity (serosae)
Pseudostratified Columnar Epithelium
Non-ciliated type in male's sperm-carrying ducts and ducts of large glands; ciliated variety lines the trachea, most of the upper respiratory tract
Stratified Squamous Epithelium
Non-keratinized type forms the moist linings of the esophagus, mouth and vagina; keratinized variety forms the epidermis of the skin, a dry membrane
Stratified Cuboidal Epithelium
Largest ducts of sweat glands, mammary glands, and salivary glands
Stratified Columnar Epithelium
Rare in the body; small amounts in male urethra and in large ducts of some glands
Transitional Epithelium
Lines the ureters, bladder and part of the urethra
Adipose Connective Tissue
Acts as a storage depot for fat, insulates against heat loss
Areolar Connective Tissue
Composes basement membranes; a soft packaging tissue with a jellylike matrix
Dense Fibrous Connective Tissue
Attaches bones to bones and muscles to bones, the dermis of the skin
Elastic Cartilage
Provides a flexible framework for the external ear
Fibrocartilage
Makes up the intervertebral discs
Hematopoietic Tissue
Replenishes the body's supply of red blood cells
Hyaline Cartilage
Forms the larynx, the costal cartilages of the ribs, and the embryonic skeleton, firm, structurally amorphous matrix heavily invaded with fibers; appears glassy and smooth
Osseous Tissue
Forms the hip bone, matrix hard owing to calcium salts; provides levers for muscles to act on