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19 terms

Survival and Adaptations LG 9

This unit explains the diversity and evolution of living organisms and how these relate to survival in different environments.
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adaptation
The process by which the characteristics of a species change over many generations in response to the environment. A body part, body covering, or behavior that helps a plant or animal survive in its environment.
camouflage
The coloring or patterns on an animal's body that allow it to blend in with its environment
mimicry
An adaptation in which an otherwise harmless plant or animal looks like a harmful plant or animal in order to protect itself.
environment
All the living and nonliving things that surround an organism (includes things such as water, air, soil, weather, landforms).
habitat
The location where an animal lives. The physical characteristics of an animal's surroundings where it can find everything it needs to survive.
predator
An animal that hunts and eats other animals for food.
prey
An animal that is hunted and eaten by another animal (predator).
survival
Using adaptations to continue to live.
community
A group of different populations that live together and interact in an environment
life cycle
The stages living things go through as they grow and develop.
organism
Any living thing.
ecosystem
All the living and nonliving things in an area that interact with each other.
population
All the organisms of one kind in an ecosystem.
behavior
All of the actions and reactions of a plant or animal.
extinct
Describes a species of plant or animal that once lived on Earth but which no longer exists.
omnivore
An animal that eats both plants and other animals (meat).
carnivore
An animal that eats only other animals.
herbivore
An animal that eats only plants.
producer
An organism that makes its own food (plants).