39 terms

ARCH HIST 2304 exam 1 vocab

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Enlightenment/ Age of Reason
Philosophy & culture: Democracy and Technology and invention: Industrial Revolution
architecture parlante
speaking architecture, its telling you its function through its form
"primitive hut"
idea that there was one original form of architecture, composed of very simple elements, vertical posts, lentil and gabled roof.
mass production
Process of making large quantities of a product quickly and cheaply
standardized parts
Uniform parts that can be substituted interchangeably.
truss
triangular structure sandwich between horizontal pieces that is not solid
building type/ typology
understanding a building through its purpose
Viollet-le-Duc & structural rationalism
let the construction guide the architecture, was a writer, who said that we need to make new forms and styles based on the materials, construction
Beaux-Arts
The university where all other architecture studios are based off of.
atelier
group of students who had a single master, students would compete, and all the guidance was from the master or the master's coworkers
esquisse
quick sketch
parti
consept
Prix de Rome
would be able to spend a year in Rome, was considered the number one student
Eclecticism
all the architects are doing things in all kinds, and looking at all kinds of architecture
style
the different forms of architecture like neoclassic and neogothic
battle of styles
people disagreeing whether new or old architecture is correct
picturesque
pretty, designed landscape that looks natural
folly
constructed objects in the landscape that are used to give surprise and delight to the viewers.
"haussmanization"
The creative destruction of something for the betterment of society.
street regulations
to help design the streets, decided where monuments could go
Ringstrasse
the area that would bridge the medieval Vienna to the modern
Eixample
plan for Barcelona, was a plan for expansion
pinnacle
a high peak or point
finial
an ornament at the top of a spire or gable
crocket
Projecting blocks of stone carved with foliage, typical in Gothic architecture.
Richardsonian Romanesque
influenced the architecture by using the past roman architecture, muscular architecture
rustication
ruff stone, irregular size
polychrome
use of vibrant color
curtain wall
how skyscrapers could be build, the skeletal steel frame, and the exterior is just hung from the frame
Chicago window
bay window that pushes forward of a structural column, so it can capture more light.
spandrel
the space underneath the window
bessemer process
A cheap and efficient process for making steel, developed around 1850
Sullivan's skyscraper typology:
key function of the building was to connect., steel constructs, with Tara coda cladding.
architectural terra cotta
Hard-burned, glazed or unglazed terra cotta, hand-molded or machine- extruded to order as a ceramic veneer for walls or for ornamentation.
"form ever follows function"
that is the law, must express program visually on the outside, has to stack one layer on top of another layer
arts and crafts movement
the rejection of the industrial revolution, there are architects that said that they didn't want the iron or cast
utopian
idealistic
gesamtkunstwerk
total work of art
conventionalize
create abstract ornament with an object, hops, crystal, etc.