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131 terms

Chapter 3 Groups 16-25

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adolescent
(adj.) growing from childhood to adulthood; roughly of the teenage period
adolescent
(n.) teenager
antediluvian
antiquated; belonging to the time before the Biblical Flood (when all except Noah and his family perished)
archaic
no longer used, except in special context; old-fashioned
callow
young and inexperienced, unfledged
contemporary
(adj.)
1) of the same period or duration
2) modern; up to date
contemporary
(n.)
person who lives at the same time as another
crone
withered old woman
decrepit
weakened by old age
defunct
dead, deceased, extinct
forebear
forefather; ancestor; progenitor
hoary
white or gray with age; ancient
infantile
of or like an infant or infancy; childish
inveterate
firmly established by age; deep-rooted; habitual
juvenile
of or for youth; youthful; immature
longevity
long life; length of life
matriarch
mother and ruler of family or tribe; founder; highly respected old woman
mature
full-grown, ripe, carefully thought out
nonage
legal minority; period before maturity
nonagenarian
person 90-99 years old
obsolescent
going out of use; becoming obsolete
obsolete
no longer in use; out-of-date
patriarch
father/ruler of family or tribe; founder; highly respected old man
posthumous
published after the after's death; occurring after death
prelapsarian
of the time or state before the fall of mankind
primeval
pertaining to the world's first ages; primitive
primordial
existing at the very beginning; elementary, primary, first in order
pristine
in original, long-ago state; uncorrupted
puberty
physical beginning of manhood at about age 14 or womanhood at at about age 12
puerile
foolish for a grown person to say/do, childish
senile
showing weakness of the age
superannuated
retired on a pension; advanced in years or very old; incapacitated by age
venerable
worthy of respect because of advanced age, achievement, virtue, or historical importance
veteran
person experienced in some occupation, art, or profession; ex-member of the armed forces
yore
long ago
abstemious
sparing in eating and drinking; temperate; abstinent
carousal
drinking party; drunken revelry
dipsomania
abnormal, uncontrollable craving for alcohol; alcoholism
inebriated
drunk, intoxicated
sober
not drunk, temperate; serious, free from excitement or exaggeration
sobriety
temperance or abstinence
sot
person made foolish by excessive drinking; drunkard
teetotaler
person who totally abstains from intoxicating beverages
bow
forward part of the ship
brine
salty water; ocean, sea, the deep
doldrums
calm, windless part of the ocean near the equator; listlessness
flotsam
wreckage of a ship or its cargo found floating on the sea; driftage
jetsam
goods cast overboard to lighten a ship in distress
jettison
throw goods overboard to lighten ship/plane; discard
leeward
in the direction away from the wind
marine
of the sea or shipping; nautical; maritime
mariner
sailor; seaman
starboard
pertaining to the right-hand side of a ship when you are on deck and facing the bow
carrion
decaying flesh of a carcass
contaminate
make impure by mixture; pollute; defile
dross
waste, refuse
expurgate
remove objectionable material from a book; bowdlerize; purify
immaculate
spotless; absolutely clean; pure; faultless
offal
waste parts of a butchered animal; refuse; garbage
purge
cleanse; purify; rid of undesired element of person
slatternly
untidy, dirty from habitual neglect, slovenly
sloven
person habitually untidy, dirty, or careless in dress, habits, etc.
sordid
filthy, vile
squalid
filthy from neglect, dirty, degraded
squalor
filth, degradation, sordidness
sully
tarnish; besmirch; defile
adjacent
lying near or next to; bordering; adjoining
approximate
nearly correct
contiguous
touching; adjoining
environs
districts surrounding a place; suburbs
juxtapose
put side by side or close together
juxtaposition
close/side by side position
propinquity
kinship; nearness of place; proximity
analogy
likeness in some respects between things otherwise different; similarity; comparison
arbitrary
autocratic; despotic; tyrannical; proceeding from a whim or fancy
arbitrate
decide in a dispute, acting as an arbiter or arbitrator; submit a dispute to arbitration
axiom
self-evident; universally accepted as true
bias
opinion formed before there are grounds for it; prejudice; predilection; partiality
bigoted
intolerant; narrow-minded
bigotry
views/behavior of a bigot; narrow-mindedness; intolerance
cogitate
think over; consider with care; ponder; deliberate
criterion
standard; rule or test for judging
crux
most important point; essential part
deduce
derive by reasoning; infer
dilemma
situation requiring a choice between two equally bad alternatives; predicament
dogmatic
asserting opinions as if they were facts; opinionated
eclectic
choosing ideas/methods from various sources; selective
fallacious
based on a fallacy; misleading; deceptive
fallible
liable to be mistaken
heterodox
rejecting regularly accepted beliefs or doctrines; nonconformist
hypothetical
supposed; having the characteristics of a hypothesis
illusion
misleading appearance; false impression; misconception
indubitable
certain; incontrovertible
orthodox
generally accepted, especially in religion; conventional; approved
paradoxical
having the characteristics of a paradox (a self-contradictory statement which may nevertheless be true)
plausible
apparently trustworthy; superficially true or reasonable
preposterous
senseless, absurd, irrational
rational
able to think clearly; having the power to reason; intelligent; sensible; sane
rationalize
invent excuses for one's actions, desires, failures, etc
sophistry
clever but deceptive reasoning
specious
superficially true, reasonable, attractive, or just but not really so
speculate
reflect, mediate, conjecture; buy or sell with the hope of profiting by price fluctuations
tenable
capable of being maintained or defended; defensible
amorphous
shapeless; having no definite form; unorganized
concave
curved inward, creating a hollow space
contour
outline of a figure
distort
twist out of shape; change out of true meaning
malleable
capable of being shaped by hammering, as a metal; adaptable, pliant
rotund
rounded out; plump; full-toned
sinuous
bending in and out, winding, serpentine
symmetrical
balanced in arrangement; capable of division by a central line
symmetry
balance, harmony
grave
deserving serious attention; weighty; momentous
nugatory
of little or no value; trifling
paltry
practically worthless; trashy; piddling; petty
paramount
chief above others; supreme
relevant
bearing upon the matter in hand; pertinent
coy
pretending to be shy
demure
falsely modest or serious; coy; grave/pim
diffident
lacking self confidence, unduly timid/shy
modest
not thinking too highly of one's merits, unpretentious and humble
modesty
freedom from conceit or vanity; unpretentiousness; humility
staid
settled; of quiet disposition
brazen
shameless/impudent; made of brass or bronze
egoism
excessive concern for oneself; selfishness; conceit
ostentatious
done to impress others; showy; pretentious
overweening
thinking too highly of oneself
pert
too free in speech or action; bold; saucy; lively or spirited
vain
conceited; excessively proud or concerned about one's personal appearance or achievements; empty; worthless; futile
vainglorious
excessively proud or boastful; elated by vanity
vanity
condition of being too vain about one's appearance or achievements; conceit