Literature- Cervantes (1547-1616) Don Quixote
Art- Velazques (1598-1660) Las Meninas, 1656
Science- Rembrandt (1547-1616) documents the new spirit of inquiry
Philosophy- Descartes (1596-1650) the "father of modern skepticism" Congito, ergo sun- I think, therefore I am
Politics- out of this age would come a profound skepticism about the "divine rights" of kings.