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10.4 - Immigration, Urbanization and Reform (Women's Movement)
Terms in this set (22)
Cult of Domesticity
Idea that men should leave home to work and earn money while women stayed at home to cook, clean and raise children. It developed in the early 1800s with the onset of the industrial revolution.
Women's rights advocate in the late 1800s. She was most famously a champion of free love.
The idea that women should be able to love whomever they want for however long they wanted, and change their mind as many times as they wanted. It was championed by Victoria Woodhull in the late 1800s.
Henry Ward Beecher
Famous preacher in the late 1800s in Brooklyn, NY. He had an affair with a married petitioner whose husband sued him. The trial was a nationally publicized public scandal. Victoria Woodhull used the case to argue for free love.
Any form of birth control.
Law passed in 1873 the prohibited the distribution of birth control and any material promoting birth control. It was used to prosecute Margaret Sanger.
Famous socialist activist at the turn of the century. She advocated for labor and women's rights, but lost credibility due to her connection to the Haymarket Square riot and President McKinley's assassin.
Champion of birth control in the early 1900s.
Any form of contraception. The term was coined by Margaret Sanger.
Clinic opened in Brooklyn, NY by Margaret Sanger to provide birth control. It was closed down and Sanger was arrested for violation of the Comstock Act.
Modern organization originally founded by Margaret Sanger. They provide health services and information to women, and most controversially, abortions.
Muller v. Oregon
1909 Supreme Court case that upheld a law limiting the number of hours women could work outside the home.
The right to vote.
Susan B. Anthony
Early champion of women's suffrage. She headed the NAWSA. She was honored when a silver dollar coin was minted in 1979 with her likeness.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Early champion of women's suffrage. She cofounded a group with Susan B. Anthony.
Early champion of women's suffrage. Her organization merged with that of Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Stanton's to form the NAWSA.
National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA)
Major organization working for women's suffrage. It was led first by Susan B. Anthony and later by Carrie Chapman Catt.
Advocate for women's suffrage in the early 1900s. She founded the National Women's Party and used more aggressive tactics to publicize the movement.
National Woman's Party (NWP)
Organization founded by Alice Paul in 1916 to work for women's suffrage. They used more aggressive tactics to spread their message.
Carrie Chapman Catt
Leader of the NAWSA in the early 1900s. She succeeded Susan B. Anthony and saw the ratification of the 19th Amendment.
National Association Opposed to Woman Suffrage
Organization in the early 1900s which fought against the passage of the 19th Amendment.
Constitutional amendment ratified in 1920 granting women the right to vote.
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