AP World History: Ways of the World Chapter 6 (600 BCE- 600CE)

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Meroe
Capital of a flourishing kingdom in southern Nubia from the fourth century B.C.E. to the fourth century C.E.. In this period Nubian culture shows more independence from Egypt and the influence of Sub-Saharan Africa. It was a monarchy.
Egypt and Nubia are a good example of what?
Diffusion- had some of the same gods/goddesses
Where is Axum located?
modern day Ethiopia. (sub-Saharan Africa)
What is the kingdom of Kush?
A Nubian kingdom that conquered Egypt and ruled it for a century.
Who is king Ezana?
the monarch of Axum in the 4 c. CE
In what ways are Constantine and King Ezana similar?
they both used Christianity as a tool to unite the empires/ kingdoms
Jenne-jeno
One of the first urbanized centers in western Africa.It was located along the Niger River. A walled community home to approximately 50,000 people at its height. Evidence suggests domestication of agriculture and trade with nearby regions.
What was considered the "highway" or conduit of trade across West Africa? (what river)?
Niger River
Mayans
people of the Maya civilization in Mesoamerica known for its writing, art architecture, math calendar and astronomy.
Yucantan Peninsula
region where Mayans constructed ceremonial centers
Highlights of Mayan Culture
- Math: developed complex math because they created a system with zero
- Calendars: combined math and astronomy
- Writing: had the most elaborate writing in the Americas
True or false: The Mayans had human sacrifices
true
Who were the predecessor culture to the Aztecs
Mayans
state shamans
divine rulers
Teotihuacan
giant city, thriving further north of the valley of Mexico
Pyramid of the Sun
The largest single -structured monument in Mesoamerica which was built in the city of Teotihuacan in 100 CE. It is regarded as the site of creation(the birthplace of the sun and moon)
What is the road that connected the pyramid of the sun to the pyramid of the moon called.
Avenue of the dead
Chavin
the first major South American civilization, which flourished in the highlands of what is now Peru from about 900 to 200 B.C. It had local ceremonial centers/complex temples.
Chavin is the most _________ of the Andean Kingdom. (location)
Northern
Who used hallucinogenic plants to get followers to "see" the supernatural world.
shamans/ priests
Moche
regional civilization- northern coast of Peru
How did the El Nino oceanic weather patterns affect Andean Cultures?
Andean cultures were affected by the el nino oceanic weather patterns because they brought drought, earthquakes, and torrential rains that causes ecological disruption and left civilization vulnerable.
Wari attributes
- agriculture: elaborate system of hillside terracing and irrigation systems
- tombs/temples- field stone set in mud mortar and covered with plaster
- cities built to a common plan
- political system- tighter control than Tiwanaku
Tiwanaku attribute
- highly productive farming economy
- elaborate fitted stone walls and buildings
What diffused with the migration of the batus?
- language
- root crops
- grains
-sheep &cattle
- pottery styles
- iron working technology
Batawa (Pygmy)
Foraging people who were being pushed out by the bantu
Anasazi
An early Native American people who lived in the American Southwest (ancestral Pueblo)
"Great houses"
Large towns
Kiva
Larger pit structures used for ceremonial purposes
pueblo
Larger settlements and adjacent above ground structures
Hopewell Culture
...
Hopewell Culture
Culture of mound builders
Natchez
the people located in southwestern Mississippi
Oceania
Islands in the Pacific Ocean
Tatau
tatto- art of body decoration
Mana
spiritual energy or power
Tapu
ritual restrictions or prohibitions
What did Batus bring that the indigenous were not immune to?
disease
Rapa Nui
Easter Island; in the easternmost Polynesia. Most isolated place that is inhabited