By age 6, the average child in a developed nation weighs about _______ pounds and is ______ inches tall.
Why is body size especially variable among children of African descent?
Africans are more genetically diverse than people from other continents are.
Nelson's 2004 study of New York children found that the weight of young children:
was negatively correlated with income.
Which of the following is controlled by the right half of the brain?
emotional and creative impulses
The maturation of the prefrontal cortex that occurs between the ages of 2 to 6 is responsible for:
more regular sleep.
The maturation of the ___________ improves a child's performance when playing "Simon Says".
Which of the following is a central processor of memory, especially of memory of locations?
Which of these statements is consistent with the notion of injury control?
Appropriate social controls can minimize harm.
One-fourth of young adults report:
having been slapped, hit, or kicked by an adult caregiver before sixth grade.
What do pierced ears and spanking have in common?
Both are considered child abuse in some countries and not in others.
Secondary prevention of child maltreatment will be more effective if it:
does not stigmatize certain families as inadequate.
The body mass index (BMI, the ratio of weight to height):
a. is lower at age 5 than at any other age in the life span.
When many ethnic groups live together in the same developed nation, children of ________ descent tend to be tallest.
The major nutritional deficit in early childhood in developed countries is insufficient:
iron, zinc, and calcium.
Which of the following statements about left-handedness is TRUE?
Although a genetic preference, left-handedness can be modified by experience.
Stressful experiences are likely to foster growth if:
a child has something or someone to temper the stress.
One reason that children enjoy artistic expression during the play years is that they:
are not yet very self-critical.
What is the leading cause of unintentional death for children aged 1 to 5?
rowning in a swimming pool
Why was a pool-fencing ordinance in southern California ineffective in reducing child drownings?
it permitted one side of the enclosure to be the house
We recognize today that child abuse or maltreatment is:
usually perpetrated by the child's parents or immediate relatives.
Which of the following is an example of tertiary prevention of child maltreatment?
removing an abused child from the home
Children generally fare as well in kinship care as in foster care in the homes of strangers if:
kin and strangers are similarly screened, supervised, and supported.