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8-The Play Years Biosocial Development
By age 6, the average child in a developed nation weighs about _______ pounds and is ______ inches tall.
Why is body size especially variable among children of African descent?
Africans are more genetically diverse than people from other continents are.
Nelson's 2004 study of New York children found that the weight of young children:
was negatively correlated with income.
The "just so" or "just right" phenomenon:
is a pathological development in a young child.
A child's insistence on routine typically peaks at around age:
The 5-year-old brain weighs ________ percent of what it will weight in adulthood.
must be complete by 3 years for normal development to proceed.
The _________ keeps the brain's hemispheres coordinated in their processing.
Which of the following is controlled by the right half of the brain?
emotional and creative impulses
use both sides of the brain for all cognitive functions.
The maturation of the prefrontal cortex that occurs between the ages of 2 to 6 is responsible for:
more regular sleep.
The maturation of the ___________ improves a child's performance when playing "Simon Says".
Perseveration is the opposite of:
The _______ is the brain structure that registers emotions, particularly fear and anxiety.
Which of the following is a central processor of memory, especially of memory of locations?
The part of the limbic system that produces hormones is the:
An example of a gross motor skill is:
pumping a swing
The most common cause of death in childhood is:
At what age does a disease become more likely to be the cause of your death than an accident?
Which of these statements is consistent with the notion of injury control?
Appropriate social controls can minimize harm.
Flashing lights on stopped school buses are an example of ___________ prevention.
A call to poison control would be an example of ___________ prevention.
One-fourth of young adults report:
having been slapped, hit, or kicked by an adult caregiver before sixth grade.
What do pierced ears and spanking have in common?
Both are considered child abuse in some countries and not in others.
Secondary prevention of child maltreatment will be more effective if it:
does not stigmatize certain families as inadequate.
The body mass index (BMI, the ratio of weight to height):
a. is lower at age 5 than at any other age in the life span.
When many ethnic groups live together in the same developed nation, children of ________ descent tend to be tallest.
Between the ages of 2 and 6, it is normal for:
appetite to decrease.
The major nutritional deficit in early childhood in developed countries is insufficient:
iron, zinc, and calcium.
The 2-year-old brain weighs ________ percent of what it will weight in adulthood.
After infancy, most of the increase in brain weight occurs because of:
Which of the following statements about left-handedness is TRUE?
Although a genetic preference, left-handedness can be modified by experience.
Which area is said to be the "executive" of the brain?
An undeveloped prefrontal cortex is responsible for a lack of:
Which of the following is crucial for the expression and regulation of emotions?
the limbic system
Stressful experiences are likely to foster growth if:
a child has something or someone to temper the stress.
An example of a fine motor skill is:
pouring juice into a glass.
One reason that children enjoy artistic expression during the play years is that they:
are not yet very self-critical.
What disease is a 3-year-old most likely to die from?
The leading cause of death among teenagers and young adults is:
What is the leading cause of unintentional death for children aged 1 to 5?
rowning in a swimming pool
Why was a pool-fencing ordinance in southern California ineffective in reducing child drownings?
it permitted one side of the enclosure to be the house
Improved emergency room procedures are an example of ___________ prevention.
We recognize today that child abuse or maltreatment is:
usually perpetrated by the child's parents or immediate relatives.
Which of the following is a form of child neglect?
failing to send a child to school
Which of the following is a sign of maltreatment?
fantasy play dominated by violent themes
With regard to social skills, maltreated children are:
Which of the following is an example of tertiary prevention of child maltreatment?
removing an abused child from the home
Children generally fare as well in kinship care as in foster care in the homes of strangers if:
kin and strangers are similarly screened, supervised, and supported.
Most foster children:
average three placements before finding a permanent home.