46 terms

EDTHP Quiz #2

STUDY
PLAY
It takes until what year to see the effects of Brown vs. Board
1965
"There were so many blocks preventing an immediate solution of the thing in reality that the best we could look for would be a progression of action"
Chief Justice Warren
Resegregation
race/ethnicity; poverty
Public schools are financed through combination of
revenues from local, state, and federal sources
The Elementary and Secondary Education Act is now called
No Child Left Behind
NCLB
A United States act of congress concerning the education of children in public schools
Schools given Title 1 Funding based on
economic need of the study body
Title 1 Fund generally used for
reading and writing in grades 1-3 and pull out teaching
The decentralized nature of US school funding leads to
disparities
NCLB was first enacted in _____ by President _____
2001; George W Bush
Standards based on education reform
high standards; measurable goals
Schools which receive Title 1 Funding through Elementary and Secondary Act of 1965 must
make Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) in test scores
Ravitch-Problems with NCLB
All students proficient by 2014
Cheating
Inflated results
Reduced curriculum
Obama's Blueprint for Reform
-Improving teacher and principal effectiveness;
-Providing information to families to help them evaluate and improve their children's schools;
-Implementing college- and career-ready standards;
-Improving student learning and achievement in America's lowest-performing schools by providing intensive support and effective interventions.
5 Main themes of Race to the Top
Common core standards
Teaching
Data systems
Lowest achieving schools
Innovation
School choice
the premise of school choice is that there are fundamental things wrong with the entire school system; and one of those flaws is the allocation of schools based on residence
6 Types of Choices
Magnet schools
Controlled
Contract Schools
Public Boucher Plans
Homeschooling
Charter Schools
Laurent is _____ charter schools
Wilson is _____ charter schools
against; for
_____ is ultimately questioning the professional status of teachers. How much control do they have?
Lortie
Teachers are interest in
Classroom matters over organizational matters
Teacher decision making in the classroom
Distinct boundaries between the classroom and outside
Focus on instruction
6 High-need fields are
Bilingual Education and English Language Acquisition
Foreign Language
Mathematics
Reading Specialist
Science
Special Education
Diane Ravitch argues that NCLB and RTT encourage and will
cheating and inflating scores; reduce the curriculum for students
Ravitch says there are 4 problems with NCLB
All students proficient by 2014
Cheating
Inflated results
Reduced curriculum
David Tyack; conservationism:
preserving what is good about schools; shouldn't abandon old ideas without thinking them through, look at pieces that are already working
What are the conditions of teaching in the US (4)
Demography
Unions
Pay-for-performance
The Irreplaceables
Race to the Top and Teacher Accountability
elimination of seniority based compensation
elimination of permanent job security
introduction of layoffs based on quality
Matthew Spring says that _____ _____ alone is not enough
better pay
Eric Hanushek thinks we should change
the way teachers receive feedback while also changing the incentive structure; change entrance and exits
Merit pay
the introduction of financial incentives to inspire gains
Carol Dweck
fixed mindset: intelligence or talent are fixed traits
growth mindset: basic abilities can be developed through dedication and hard work
Lemov's Taxonomy
49 techniques for increasing student attention and achievement
What is philosophy?
from the Greek word meaning "love of wisdom"
Four philosophies of education
Perennialism, essentialism, romanticism, progressivism
Perennialism (definition)
The aim of education is to ensure that students acquire knowledge about the great ideas of Western culture.
Essentialism (definition)
Schools should transmit intellectual and moral standards.
Romanticism (definition)
Focus on the needs of the individual. Students are naturally good, education protects them from the evils of society.
Progressivism (definition)
The main focus is on the child rather than the subject matter.
Perennialsim (main focus)
Principles rather than facts
Essential knowledge/great works
Personal development
Develop rationality
Cultivate the intellect
Teacher centered/Socratic Dialogue
Essentialism (main focus)
Essential knowledge and skills
Back to basics
Common base of knowledge for all citizens
Discipline, hard work and respect for authority
Teacher centered
Romanticism (main focus)
The purpose of education is self-fulfillment
A natural process that grows out of innate curiosity
Individual interests drive learning
Developmentally appropriate education
Progressivism (main focus)
Task or project based approach
Active learning through problem solving
Individual interests and personal growth
Personal reflection
The development of democratic personal and social values
Two Education Philosophers
Dewey and Greene
John Dewey
Proponent of Progressivism
Experiential Education
The teacher as facilitator and guide
The danger of minimizing the importance of content and the teacher
Maxine Greene
Proponent of existentialism
Through student choice and individual contact with the teacher, the student is responsible for the learning
Self directed and self paced
Teachers must live wide awake in order to create opportunities for students to make moral judgments.
John Dewey Education as a
"continuous reconstruction of experience"
"To be in touch with our landscapes is to be conscious of our evolving experiences, to be aware of the ways in which we encounter our world."
Maxine Greene
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