Zhu Yuanzhang; a peasant who rose up through the ranks of the Red Turbans to become a commander and pushed out the Yuan, who were weakened by the Black Death. He moved the capital and proclaimed the new dynasty the Ming, or "brilliance." While his wife, Ma, was known for her compassion, the Hongwu emperor was ruthless when it came to his opposers - he slaughtered almost 100,000 people. He re-centralized the gov. and brought much stability, revival, and prosperity to China.