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Ch 1 2 3 Review
Terms in this set (34)
How did the value system of India differ from that of China?
India- values based upon the individual and how involved they are in their cast
China-values based upon Confucianism
What were 4 of the functions of the "Son of Heaven" concept?
2-creates loyalty to emperor
3-explains why dynasties are failing
4-makes emperor remote from people
What does Nirvana mean?
union with the divine essence
What is the main emphasis of Hindu ethics?
individual carrying out obligations of life (job based on your caste)
How did the government of the Qin Dynasty differ from the Zhou?
Qin was more centralized
How was the caste system an extension of Indian politics?
established rules of social behavior ( gave social order and rule)
What 4 changes were caused by the development of agriculture?
2-creation of a complex society
3-changes male and female relationship
What did the Chinese value system emphasis?
harmony and balance
Where did the Neolithic revolution begin?
Why was ceremony important to upper class Chinese?
believe people should resist crude impulse (ceremony-way one deals with one another)
What were China's chief economic strengths?
What did the Aryan conquerors bring to India?
everything centered around religion (caste system, Hinduism,etc.)
How did India compare to China is it's contact with outsiders?
India was heavily influenced by outside contact
China was very isolated, built walls to prevent foreigners from entering.
What were the functions of government under Han?
census, military and legal power, built roads and schools
What element is almost always present for a society to be called a civilization?
How were Buddhist beliefs different from Hindu?
That holy life could be obtained at any level by any person
What were the primary beliefs of Confucianism?
good society= firm hierarchy
Who produced the first written law code?
Hammurabi, the King of Sumeria
Give 4 reasons why the Chinese government accepted Daoism :
2-supported son of heaven concept
3-many upper class citizens favored it
4-posed no threat to Confucianism
Give 4 reasons why India was invaded more often than China:
1-no military culture
2-political condition (no unification)
How did the empire system of Egypt differ from that of Mesopotamia?
Egypt was established as an empire with God like Kings;
Mesopotamia has local regional kingdoms that untied into empires then fell again into kingdoms.
What was a Chinese "dynasty"?
family of kings
How did the development of writing influence the growth of governments?
allowed to form formal burearacy
What was the general size of hunting and gathering societies?
small (40-60 individuals)
What was the Indian political tradition as the establishment of empires?
regional kingdoms with rare empires
What was the lowest class in Chinese society other than the "mean people"?
What was the typical political organization of the Tigris-Euphrates civilizations?
What was the main emphasis of Jewish monotheism?
firm belief that there is a single God; powerful and abstract God
How did India's social and economic structure differ from that of the Chinese, in regards to social class?
India- merchants are mid-class
China- merchants are the lowest class
Who were India's primary trading partners?
Any part of Asia (excluding Asia)
How was the Mauryan dynasty different from the Gupta dynasty, as related to the size of the empire?
Mauryan was larger
What river valley civilization was completely destroyed by invasion?
Give 4 reasons why metals tools were preferred over stone tools:
Why did the early inhabitants of Australia not become agricultural?
Australia was isolated from the rest of the world and was not influenced by other civilizations.
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