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71 terms

CIS Questions

STUDY
PLAY
BASIC
What programming language revolutionized the software industry because beginning students could learn it easily?
Altair
The ________ computer had no keyboard or monitor and used switches on the front of it to enter data using 0s and 1s.
data
representation of a fact, figure, or idea
processing
turning data into information
information
data organized in a meaningful way
software
computer programs
hardware
parts of the computer you can touch
www
the means of accessing information over the Internet
Browser
an application program used to view the Web
e-mail
electronic communication
Internet
a large network of networks
search engine
a tool used to locate information on the Web
pixel
tiny dot that creates an image on the computer monitor
hertz
unit of measure for processor speed
resolution
the clearness or sharpness of an image
ppm
measurement of printing speed
dpi
measurement of printer resolution
social Web
Web 2.0 is classified as the _____________.
RAM
The computer's main temporary storage area
physical memory
the amount of RAM sitting on memory modules
swap file
temporary storage area on the hard drive
thrashing
the condition of excessive paging
paging
the process of swapping data between RAM and a swap file
Task Manager
lists all the programs being used and indicates their status
System Restore
brings system back to a previously stable state
Disk Cleanup
removes unnecessary files from the hard drive
Disk Defragmenter
regroups related pieces of files on the hard disk
Error-checking
checks the hard drive for damaged files
GUI
user interface of Mac OS and Microsoft Windows
menu-driven
commands are chosen from menus displayed on screen
command-driven
user interface for DOS operating system
user interface
a way to interact with the computer
Linux
operating system that enables users to choose their own interface
Web-based software
software that is hosted on a Web site
open source software
software code that is freely available
project management software
software used for project planning
PIM software
software used to keep track of appointments
software suite
bundled group of software programs
CPU
processor
cache
a form of memory
ALU
performs arithmetic calculations
hertz
machine cycles per second
FSB
connects the processor to the system memory
RAM
temporary storage space
nonvolatile storage
permanent storage
kernel memory
memory used by the operating system
virtual memory
space on the hard drive for data that doesn't fit in RAM
CPU subsystem
clockspeed
memory subsystem
RAM
storage subsystem
hard drive
video subsystem
monitor
audio subsystem
subwoofer
censorship
When Google first launched its search engine services in China, it restricted search results for sites considered objectionable by the Chinese government. This is an example of _______.
Sarbanes-Oxley
Enacted in 2002, the _____ Act requires companies to provide mechanisms for employees and third parties to anonymously report complaints, including ethics violation, anonymously.
operating system
The ___________ is (are) the group of programs that controls how your computer functions.
utility program
A(n) ________ is a small program that performs general housekeeping tasks for your computer.
a command-driven interface
GUI
device driver
Each device attached to your computer comes with a special program called a ________ that facilitates communication between the device and the OS.
bugs
Errors in computer software
file path
The location of a file is specified by its ___________.
Hyperthreading
_________ provides high-speed information processing by enabling a new set of instructions to start before the previous set is finished.
File compression
Which utility takes out redundancies in a file to reduce the file size?
Moore's Law
The rule of thumb that predicts that CPU capacity will double every two years
on the motherboard
The CPU is located
level 2 cache
Level 1 cache memory does not contain more memory than
open source
The type of software that is free and available with few licensing and copyright restrictions is known as ________ software.
Software as a Service
Another way to obtain software is through ________, where a vendor hosts the software online over the Internet and you do not have to install it on your computer.
vertical market
Software designed for a specific industry is known as _______ software.
custom
A(n) __________ software installation enables you to decide which features you want to install on the hard drive.
system requirements
Every software program has a set of __________ that specify the minimum recommended standards for the operating system, processor, RAM, and hard drive capacity.
real-time
Robotic cameras used by television stations for sports events require a __________ operating system.