12 terms

Ways of the World Chapter 6 Vocabulary

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Meroe
Definition: City in southern Nubia that was the center of Nubian civilization.

Significance: Governed by a female monarch. Gained its wealth through long-distance trade. Declined after Islam invaded.
Axum
Definition: Northern Ethiopian city that relied on highly productive agriculture with plow-based farming.

Significance: A part at Adulis and used taxes to gain revenue from other empires. They didn't rely on hoe and digging stick.
Piye
Definition: 8th century BCE, Africa. Paid respect to gods for great victory.

Significance: Reunified Egypt and conquered ruler and began to govern/lead war.
Niger Valley Civilization
Definition: City-based civilization in Niger valley. Noted for its lack of centralized state structure.

Significance: Led to the uprising of jenne jeno
Maya Civilization
Definition: Mesoamerican civilization known for the only fully developed written language of the Pre-columbian Americas.

Significance: Resembled the competing city-states of Mesopotamia and written language.
Teotihuacán, Mexico
Definition: Largest city of Pre-Columbian America that governed and/or influenced much of the surrounding region ("City of the gods").

Significance: Had long-distance trade which enabled them to live a more luxurious life.
Chavín
Definition: Andean town that was the center of a large Peruvian religious movement.

Significance: Religious movement within class system of elites. Decline due to famine and drought.
Moche
Definition: Important regional civilization of Peru, governed by warrior-priests.

Significance: Elites lived luxuriously, prisoners and poor were sacrificed in rituals.
Wari and Tiwanaku
Definition: Civilizations in Andes Mountains before Inca Empire.

Significance: Almost opposites, the Wari used irrigation for agriculture and Tiwanaku farmed. The Wari depended on the Tiwanaku.
Bantu Expansion
Definition: Gradual migration of Bantu peoples from their homeland.

Significance: Their ironworking and agricultural techniques gave them an advantage over gathering and hunting peoples.
Chaco Phenomenon
Definition: Name given to a major process settlement and social organization among the peoples of Chaco Canyon.

Significance: Drought caused people to start depending on agriculture which made a large population develop.
Mound Builders/Cahokia
Definition: Members of a number of cultures that developed along the Mississippi that built large mounds that they buried people with their stuff under.

Significance: Buried people with all their things in hopes to make it to the afterlife (only for wealthy people).

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