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Ch. 13/14/15 Voc. List
Terms in this set (60)
Chief of state
the titular head of a nation as distinct from the head of the government.
A chief executive is someone who devises strategies and policies to ensure that an organization meets its goals.
A chief administrative officer is a top-tier executive who supervises the daily operations of an organization and is ultimately responsible for its performance.
Chief Diplomat. The president decides what American diplomats and ambassadors shall say to foreign governments
Commander in chief
A commander-in-chief, also sometimes called supreme commander, or chief commander, is the person or body that exercises supreme operational command and control over a nation's military forces.
Chief Legislator, the president has many duties. When Congress does pass bills, the president reviews each bill and decides whether to sign it into law or veto it. A veto is the president's constitutional power to reject a bill passed by Congress that he does not agree with.
Chief of party
In this role, the president helps members of his or her political party get elected or appointed to office. The president campaigns for those members who have supported his or her policies. At the end of a term, the president may campaign for reelection.
President's job is to represent the people and to work for the public interest. As a representative of the nation's people, the president automatically assumes the role of its chief citizen, or popular leader.
The United States presidential line of succession is the order in which officials of the United States federal government discharge the powers and duties of the office of President of the United States if the incumbent president becomes incapacitated, dies, resigns, or is removed from office during their four-year term of office.
Presidential succession Act Of 1947
An Act To provide for the performance of the duties of the office of President in case of the removal, resignation, death, or inability both of the President and Vice President.
Balance The Ticket
When a political candidate chooses a running mate, usually of the same party, with the goal of bringing more widespread appeal to the campaign. It is most prominently used to describe the selection of the U.S. Vice Presidential candidate.
The presidential electors who meet after the citizens vote for president and cast ballots for the president and vice president.
the choice expressed collectively by the electoral college, which determines the winner of elections for president and vice president in the US.
a body of people representing the states of the US, who formally cast votes for the election of the president and vice president.
a primary in which the voters indicate preferences for nominees for president of the U.S. directly by vote or indirectly through the choice of delegates to the presidential nominating convention.
the candidate who wins the most votes wins all the delegates at stake—or by proportional representation
an electoral system in which parties gain seats in proportion to the number of votes cast for them.
a convention of a major political party, especially one that nominates a candidate for the presidency.
A political party platform or program is a formal set of principal goals which are supported by a political party or individual candidate
an address designed to present the issues of primary interest to an assembly (such as a political convention) and often to cause unity and enthusiasm. — called also keynote speech
District Planning is the process of preparing an integrated plan for the local government sector in a district taking into account the resources
The proportional plan is where a state's electoral college votes are distributed based on the proportion of the vote their party received.
Direct Popular Election
Direct election is a system of choosing political officeholders in which the voters directly cast ballots for the person, persons, or political party that they desire to see elected.
all the people in a country or area who are entitled to vote in an election.
National Bonus Plan
This idea, retains the current Electoral College system, but also awards extra electoral votes as a bonus to the winner of the popular vote.
Article Two of the United States Constitution establishes the executive branch of the federal government, which carries out and enforces federal laws.
technology that is intended to reach a mass audience
when the president exceeds his role and takes to more power than the constitution says, example vietnam war; president never worked with Congress.
Oath of Office
An oath of office is an oath or affirmation a person takes before undertaking the duties of an office, usually a position in government or within a religious body.
a rule or order issued by the president to an executive branch of the government and having the force of law.
Under the Constitution, the power to make laws rests with the legislature. However, in cases when 'immediate action' is needed, the President can issue an ordinance. An ordinance is a law, and could introduce legislative changes.
a formally concluded and ratified agreement between countries.
an international agreement, usually regarding routine administrative matters not warranting a formal treaty, made by the executive branch of the US government without ratification by the Senate.
formal acknowledgment by a country that another political entity fulfills the conditions of statehood and is eligible to be dealt with as a member of the international community
Persona non grata
an unacceptable or unwelcome person.
the power of a president, governor, or other elected executive to reject individual provisions of a bill.
to postpone or remit the punishment of a person
to use the executive power of a Governor or President to forgive a person convicted of a crime.
An act of mercy or leniency. The grant by the president or by the governor of a state of an amnesty, pardon, or reprieve or of a commutation of a criminal sentence.
A commutation is defined as the change of a defendant's punishment to a less severe one.
A pardon extended by the government to a group or class of people, usually for a political offense.
Bureaucracy refers to both a body of non-elective government officials and an administrative policy-making group.
an official in a government department, in particular one perceived as being concerned with procedural correctness at the expense of people's needs.
a body of administrators, especially in government. the executive branch of the U.S. government as headed by the president and in power during his or her term of office
A government or state agency, sometimes an appointed commission, is a permanent or semi-permanent organization in the machinery of government that is responsible for the oversight and administration of specific functions.
An agency which performs the tasks for which the organization exists. Executive Office of the President
Executive Office of the President
a group of federal agencies supervised by directors or staffs that work directly with the president or a presidential assistant.
A federal budget is a financial plan for the country that is passed by Congress and approved by the President to allocate where federal funds are spent.
A fiscal year (FY) is a period that a company or government uses for accounting purposes and preparing financial statements.
Domestic policy are administrative decisions that are directly related to all issues and activity within a nation's borders.
primary units of the executive branch of the Federal government of the United States
a government official in charge of a department t
the chief law officer of a nation or state who represents the government in litigation and serves as its principal legal adviser.
Independent agencies of the United States federal government are those agencies that exist outside the federal executive departments and the Executive Office of the President.
Independent executive agencies
a former independent federal agency that supervised and set rates for carriers that transported goods and people between states
Independent regulatory commissions
federal agencies created by an act of Congress that are independent of the executive departments. Though they are considered part of the executive branch, these agencies are meant to impose and enforce regulations free of political influence.
A quasi-legislative capacity is that in which a public administrative agency or body acts when it makes rules and regulations.
A quasi-judicial body is a non judicial body which can interpret law. It is an entity such as an arbitrator or tribunal board, generally of a public administrative agency, which has powers and procedures.
A government corporation is a company that is owned by the government and operates with the same independence of a private business, except that the owner is the government.
the permanent professional branches of a government's administration, excluding military and judicial branches and elected politicians
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