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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Industrial Revolution Unit test
Terms in this set (31)
In what country did the Industrial Revolution begin?
What industry was the first to begin in the Industrial Revolution?
What was the first country outside of Europe to industrialize?
What was the first country in Asia to industrialize?
Describe what it was like to work in a textile mill.
Dangerous machinery and poor treatment of workers
Describe what it was like to live in the early tenement houses in an Industrial Revolution.
Buildings were unsafe, crowded and dirty.
In which country did the Industrial Revolution spread to because Samuel Slater memorized the plan for spinning machines and was able to go to this country and build the machines and start the first textile mill in the country?
What were 3 of the factors or means of production which allowed the Industrial Revolution to develop in Great Britain?
Markets to sell goods
The Industrial Revolution could not have happened had the 2nd Agricultural Revolution not happened first. What were 2 of the components of the 2nd Agricultural Revolution?
New Farming Technologies/machines
New Farming Techniques
What did the early Industrial Revolution rapid rural to urban migration result in?
Rapid expansion or city population resulted in insufficient housing and poor sanitation
What is Socialism?
In response to the terrible conditions workers found in the factories and cities, some called for an end to capitalism. They wanted the government to take over the new industries and plan/run the economy with a goal of equally improving the lives of everyone.
What invention did James Hargreaves make which could replace the work of 16 hand spinners because it could spin 16 threads at once?
What was a reason the Industrial Revolution began in Britain?
How did the Britain's make this happen?
Mainly from trade and the willingnesss of entrepreneurs to invest this into new ventures such as coal mines and textile mills.
Human in production gave way to machine in production
What type of organizations did workers try to form to help them get better pay and working conditions?
A critical element of the Industrial Revolution was the development of interchangeable parts, why was this important?
This was critical because they allowed broken machines to be fixed easily with common repair parts
Who first developed the method to make interchangeable parts and also invented the cotton gin?
What did the mass production of thread and cloth made possible by the new machines of the Industrial Revolution do to the cottage industry system and its workers?
It eliminated their need for this industry and its workers
In the first part of the Industrial revolution, wool was the main raw material used to make thread and cloth, however, later cotton replaced wool. What machine was invented in 1793 by Eli Whitney?
The cotton gin. This made cotton economically viable crop to grow, process and sell but it also revitalized slavery in the Southern USA
Describe the Industrial Revolution?
a) Cities were growing rapidly as factories sprung up and people came to work in them. Manchester, England in the 1750's was market town with a population of 17,000. The textile mills started to spring up and by 1780 it had over 40,000 people. Cities could not expand fast enough and there was not enough housing, clean water, sewage or sanitation systems. Garbage and raw sewage were flowing in the streets. The factories also created pollution by burning coal and dumping chemicals such as dyes into the rivers.
b) Factory owners tried to address the housing problem by building tenement houses for their workers. These were generally small, not well maintained, used community pupms for water, and were not safe. While the common workers lived in the tenement buildings, the wealthy and growing middle class lived in nice houses in pleasant neigborhoods. This helped to further alienate the "bosses" from their workers as bosses no longer visited the homes of their workers as they had done in the cottage industry system.
Who came up with the concept of Laissez -Faire (let it be) economics which said government should stay out of the economy and let market forces such as supply and demand run the economy? This concept became the basis for capitalism and he is known as the father of modern economics
Who felt that workers whom he called the proletariat, would always be treated badly by business owners and therefore he felt capitalism was doomed to fail because the workers would overthrow the capitalists (business owners) and the governments that supported them. He said the final stage of this process would be communism.
What allowed Britain to easily obtain raw materials for its factories and have dedicated markets which would buy the products it prodeuced in its factories with those raw materials?
Which of the following about the Industrial Revolution is correct?
C) The Industrial revolution over time increased the overall wealth of the industrialized nations and allowed many more people to go from poverty to middle class.
How did the relationship between bosses and workers change during the Industrial Revolution?
Bosses did not care about their workers anymore.
What was the term used, though incorrectly, which said wealthy persons were that way because they had adapted to the new industrial age and were smarter and worked harder. The poor were poor because they did not adapt to changes, were not smart, and were generally lazy. No amount of help from the wealthy class would change that so, as a result, many wealthy person did not help.
What thread and cloth making industry did the new textile mill/ factories replace?
Cottage or Domestic Industry
In which country did the Industrial Revolution begin?
In what industry did the Industrial Revolution begin?
What dilemma was faced by agriculture as a result of the Industrial Revolution?
The need to produce more food with fewer farmers and laborers
Who was the inventor that radically improved the steam engine and made it a "workhorse" of the Industrial Revolution?
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