Unit 3 Ch 6 Organic Compounds/Chemistry
Terms in this set (26)
Basic unit of matter
A scale of how acidic a material is. 7 is neutral, less than 7 is acidic, and above 7 is basic
Atoms of the same element that have different numbers of neutrons resulting in a different mass number
A chemical bond that involves sharing a pair of electrons between atoms in a molecule
A group of atoms bonded together
A chemical bond resulting from the attraction between oppositely charged ions.
A mixture that forms when one substance dissolves another.
any compound that forms H+ ions in solution
a compound that produces hydroxide (OH-) ions in solution
Molecule with partial charges. Mixes with water.
weak attraction between a hydrogen atom and another atom
Movement of molecules from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration.
Diffusion of water through a selectively permeable membrane
condition of continuous, random movement of particles but no overall change in concentration of materials
Compounds with the same formula but different structures.
molecules composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, and they include sugars and starches
glucose, fructose, galactose, single sugar molecules
Carbohydrates that are made up of more than two monosaccharides such as starch, sucrose, glycogen, and cellulose.
Energy-rich organic compounds, such as fats, oils, steroids, and waxes, that are made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.
Monomer; Building Blocks of Lipids
macromolecule that contains carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen; needed by the body for growth and repair
Monomer; building blocks of proteins
covalent bond formed between amino acids
Proteins that speed up chemical reactions
DNA and RNA
monomer of nucleic acids made up of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base
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