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Chapter 13 Quiz
Terms in this set (25)
Liberals who criticized President Obama's strategy for getting the health care bill passed say he _______ when he dealt with interest groups from the health insurance industry.
"gave away the store" by not insisting on inclusion of the public option
At the time the health care bill was being debated in Congress, the insurance industry was in a tough position because
if it stayed outside of the political process but was unable to stop health care reform, it risked being stuck with a policy it hated.
are much more likely to belong to interest groups than are citizens of other nations.
Interest groups perform all of the following roles in politics
1)representing their members' views to government.
2)providing an avenue for citizen participation in politics.
3)educating policymakers regarding issues important to the interest group.
4)alerting the proper government authorities about the group's issue to get the issue on the political agenda.
Interest groups are formed with the common goal of
altering public policy.
Political action committees, or PACs, are
the fundraising arm for interest groups.
Political action committees were created as a result of
interest group restrictions in the Federal Election Campaign Act of 1974.
The likelihood that people with a shared interest will form a group is increased when each of the following occurs
1)they perceive a threat to their shared interest.
2)they have the resources to organize and become active.
3)an interest group entrepreneur decides to organize and lead the group.
4)they can provide the selective incentives to overcome any potential free rider problem.
Expressive benefits are:
selective incentives that derive from the opportunity to express values and beliefs and to be committed to a greater cause.
A common feature of all interest groups is that they
are organized around shared interests among members.
An interest group ________ is an effective leader who is likely to have organized an interest group and can effectively promote its interests.
Many interest groups face the ________ when recruiting members who can gain the benefits of their activities whether or not they join.
free rider problem
Interest groups often provide selective incentives, which are
benefits available only to group members.
Selective incentives are necessary for some interest groups because
collective benefits cannot be kept from those who do not join the group and the group needs paying members to join.
The _______ is a business association that represents three million businesses that range from small mom-and-pop stores to large employers.
Chamber of Commerce
Economic interest groups include all of the following
4)agricultural interest groups.
The _______ is the interest group that argued a number of key civil rights cases in court, including Brown v. Board of Education.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
AARP is very large because
AARP provides a wide variety of selective benefits for a small cost.
The Eagle Forum is an interest group that
advocates a more traditional role for women in society.
_______ are interest groups that try to influence government to produce collective goods or services that benefit the general public.
Public interest groups
The text indicates that ______ are the type of interest groups that is least likely to meet Madison's definition of "factions."
public interest groups
Second Amendment groups lobby for or against
The "revolving door" exists because
some of the most effective lobbyists are former government officials.
_______ is a nonpartisan defender of individual rights against the encroachment of a powerful government.
The American Civil Liberties Union
All of the following statements concerning direct lobbying are true
1)interest groups lobby Congress, in part, by providing testimony and expertise.
2)the White House has a special office to foster good relations between the president and interest groups.
3)interest groups attempt to bolster their lobbying efforts by forming coalitions with other interest groups.
4)Congress has attempted to regulate relationships between lobbyists and lawmakers many times.
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