History 2/2 Lesson 6
Terms in this set (35)
What was the European balance of power prior to World War I intended to accomplish?
to prevent the domination of Europe by one power
Why did Russia's attempt to move southward during the nineteenth century cause diplomatic tension?
Austria wanted influence in the Balkans
What country allied with Germany and Italy in the Triple Alliance prior to World War I?
What was NOT a factor that caused conflict in Europe prior to World War I?
France's attempt to gain control of northern Italy in the Franco-Italian War (1869)
What was a major reason that Britain distrusted Germany prior to World War I?
the German attempt to build a large high-seas naval fleet
Which country was NOT a member of the Triple Entent
Which statement about World War I is not correct?
Citizens in most of the countries protested entry into the war.
What was a source of conflict between France and Germany prior to World War I?
France wanted to regain the provinces lost to Germany in the Franco-Prussian War
What was the immediate cause of World War I in 1914?
Austria-Hungary's declaration of war on Servia
In july 1915, why did Austria-Hungary take a strong stand against Serbia?
to discourage nationalist groups within its own empire
Why did Britain enter World War I in August 1914?
Germany marched into neutral Belgium
What was NOT a British objective during the 1915 battle of Gallipoli?
to bring Iran into the war on the side of the Allies
Why did a stalemate develop on the Western Front?
Neither side could decisively defeat the other
What was the name of Germany's plan for the invasion of France through Belgium in 1914?
What French offensive in 1914 pushed the Germans back fifty miles and saved Paris from capture?
Battle of the Marne
The war of attrition on the western front did NOT result in the widespread use of
What was the principal foreign policy issue confronting the Wilson administration between the outbreak of World War I in 1914 and US involvement in the conflict of 1917?
freedom of the seas
What was NOT a reason the United States entered World War I?
a secret treaty bound the United States to aid Britain and France
Why did the Zimmerman Telegram inflame American public opinion?
in it, germany tried to get mexico to go to war with the US
In addition to the many causes that brought the Unites States into the war, President Wilson asked Americans to
make the world safe for democracy
What factor most hampered the Russian army on the Eastern Front?
a shortage of supplies
Where did the British launch an offensive against the Germans to cover mutiny within the French forces?
What British officer helped the Arabs conduct guerrilla warfare against the Turks in the Middle East?
How were the Allies able to move millions of men, their equipment, and food despite German submarines?
The Ottoman Turks used the war as an opportunity to kill nearly one million
Which Allies country is NOT correctly matched with the regions it received from the defeated Germans?
United States and Midway Islands
What was not a consequence of World War I?
independence for millions of Africans and Asians
Which of Wilson's Fourteen Points became part of the Versailles Treaty?
covenant of the League of Nations
Which of Wilson's following Fourteen Points was fully implemented?
"All French territory should be freed and the invaded portions restored, and the wrong done to France by Prussia in 1871 in the matter of Alsace-Lorraine. . . should be righted."
Which provision in the Versailles Treaty was not important in fostering antagonisms that led to the Second World War?
the loss of Germany's Pacific island possessions
What countries were most interested in requiring German reparations?
Britain and France
What Commuunist leader was responsible for organizing the Red Army to fight the White Army in the Russian Civil War?
Which event did NOt take place between the Bolshevik seizure of power in Russia in November 1917 and the end of the civil war in 1921?
the Soviet Union joined the League of Nations
What best explains the motivation of the Bolshevik government in signing the Treaty of the Brest-Litovsk with Germany?
Lenin was not willing to risk his limited power base through further struggle against a foreign enemy
Which of the following was a major factor in the Bolshevik victory in the Russian Civil War (1918-1921)?
the Communists created a disciplined and effective Red Army
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