23 terms

Introductory psychology 10 - stress, health, psychological disorders

stress health and psychological disorders
STUDY
PLAY
Three stages of General Adaptation Syndrome (Seyle's theory)
1. Alarm. Sympathetic nervous system activates.
2. Resistance. Physiological arousal stabilizes
3. Exhaustion. Resources run out and body becomes susceptable to disease.

three stages of GAS
catecholamines
Type of stress hormones released by the adrenal medulla. Include epinephrine and norepinephrine. Result in the fight or flight response.
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
hormone released when the hypothalamus stimulates the pituitary. ACTH then stimulates the adrenal cortex that releases corticosteroids (including cortisol)
locus of control
Refers to peoples perception of the amount of control they have of their lives. Divided into internal and external.
B lymphocytes
Type of disease fighting cells. formed in bone marrow and release protein molecules that travel the body and defend against bacteria and cancer (antibodies)
T lymphocytes
Type of disease fighting cells. formed in the thymus gland. defend the body against cancer, virus, and other foreign substances.
Macrophages
destroy foreign substances by absorbing them
etiology
refers to the origin of a disorder
DSM
diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders
agoraphobia
Involves anxiety about losing control in public places, abnormal fear of public places and open spaces.
concordance rate
Percentage of twin pairs that share a particular disorder. How much concordance they have.
mood disorder
characterized by disturbances in the emotional state. Unipolar (one end of the continuum) or bi-polar (experience both ends of the continuum)
dysthymic disorder
disorder characterized by experiencing a depressed mood for the majority of days for at least two years
somatoform disorders
disorder characterized by real physical symptoms that cannot be fully explained by a medical condition, the effects of a drug, or another mental disorder. "disorder of the body form"
somatization disorder
disorder formerly called hysteria or briquet's syndrome. Experience a wide variety of physical and pseudoneurological problems.
conversion disorder
disorder characterized by symptoms that affect voluntary motor functioning (not explained medically). "trouble converting desires into voluntary movement"
histrionic
when someone enjoys being the center of attention they are ______
dissociative disorders
characterized by disturbances in conciousness, memory, perception and identity. dissociate from reality.
dissociative fugue
people with this suddenly disappear, they don't remember their past and may assume an entirely new identity.
dissociative identity disorder
formerly called 'multiple personality disorder". Certain aspects of identity, conciousness and memory are not integrated properly and have two or more personalities that control behavior.
personality disorders
disorders with stable patterns of behavior that differ noticeably from normal. "abnormal personality"
schizoid (personality disorder)
entails social withdrawal and restricted expression of emotions.
schizophrenia types
paranoid - disorganized - catatonic - undifferentiated