45 terms

ROAD TO REVOLUTION

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Mercantilism
an economic system (Europe in 18th C) to increase a nation's wealth by government regulation of all of the nation's commercial interests
Navigation Acts of 1650, 1660, 1663, and 1696
These mandated laws were British regulations designed to protect British shipping from competition. They said that British colonies could only import goods if they were shipped on British-owned vessels and at least 3/4 of the crew of the ship were British.
protest
A form of political participation designed to achieve policy change through dramatic and unconventional tactics.
Boycott
A refusal to buy or use goods and services.
Proclamation Act of 1763
Prohibited colonists from settling west of the Appalachain Mountains. British hoped it would prevent violence between Native Americans and colonists.
The colonists were angry and disobeyed the law, moving to the west of the mountains in large numbers (1763)
Stamp Act
1765; law that taxed printed goods, including: playing cards, documents, newspapers, etc.
Sugar Act
law passed by the British Parliament setting taxes on molasses and sugar imported by the colonies
Townshend Acts
laws passed in 1767 that taxed goods such as glass, paper, paint, lead, and tea
Sam Adams
Leader of the Sons of Liberty
John Locke
English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contract" in which government powers are derived from the consent of the governed and in which the government serves the people; also said people have natural rights to life, liberty and property.
consent
permission to do something
Parliament
the lawmaking body of British government
Monarchy
A government ruled by a king or queen
repeal
to cancel an act or law
Imports
goods and services purchased from other countries
export
send (goods or services) to another country for sale.
French and Indian War
(1754-1763) War fought in the colonies between the English and the French for possession of the Ohio Valley area. The English won.
John Adams
defended British soldiers from Boston Massacre; MA delegate to Continental Congress; patriot leader
Magna Carta
(1215) a charter of liberties (freedoms) that King John "Lackland" of Englad was forced to sign; it made the king obey the same laws as the citizens of his kingdom
English Bill of Rights
Rights given to English subjects that protect them from the government
Phillis Wheatley
1st African American Poet in the colonies
Ohio River Valley
Land West of the Appalachian Mountains
Duty
Taxes
Revenue
Money, funds
Boston Massacre
Chrispus is shot by the British and 4 others too.
Daughter's of Liberty
Boycotted by making their own clothing instead of buying them from England
Minutemen
Men ready to fight in a quick notice
Militia
Civilians or regular people fight in wars
Patriots
Colonists that are fighting for independence from the Monarch
Loyalists
Colonists that are loyal to the king
Natural Rights
Life, Liberty, and Property/same as Unalienable rights
imposed
forced
convened
assembled/ to come together
Economic Policies
actions taken by government to influence economic actions
Immigration
Migration to a new location/permanent
Migration
movement of people from one place to another/temporary
human rights
The rights and freedoms to which everyone is entitled
violated
break or fail to comply with (a rule or formal agreement).
duty
import tax
1st Continental Congress (1774)
met in Philadelphia to discuss a response. They agreed to boycott British goods.
Road to Revolution
Colonists faced tax increases after the French and Indian War, colonists lacked direct representation in parliament, colonial leaders formed the Continental Congress to address abuses of the English Crown
Revolution
a forcible overthrow of a government or social order in favor of a new system. (a fight for change)
Lack of representation in Parliament
no one represented colonists in Parliament
Natural Harbors
Ports contributed to the development of commerce
commerce
trade
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