AP European History: The Reformation
Terms in this set (50)
I believe in predestination and started a religious community with very strict laws in Geneva.
I believed in salvation by faith alone, that scripture was the source of the creed.
They believed that any reason or problem that occurred with the state should be put ahead any religious principles.
Peace of Augsburg
This agreement stated that the religion of the ruler is the religion of the state.
Council of Trent
This meeting was called to help reform the Catholic Church, define Church doctrine, and help the Church regain its power.
They are known as the "Soldiers of Christ" and established the Society of Jesus.
This document was also known as the "Disputations on the Power and Efficacy of Indulgences" where the sale of indulgences and other church abuses were criticized.
Act of Supremacy
This document required all the king's subject to take an oath of loyalty to the king as head of the Church of England.
This is a view that the Church is a corporation of cardinals that can override papal authority.
To England he was known as the "Defender of the Faith", soon after he found the Anglican Church.
Diet of Worms 1521
This council was summoned by Charles V, condemned Luther's beliefs, and forbade Luther from preaching and declared him a heretic.
What where the Jesuits known for?
What did the Council of Trent reaffirm?
-purgatory and indulgences
-hierarchy of priesthood
-role of church tradition and teaching
What were the 5 main Catholic orders?
"Northern humanists", focused on sources of early Christianity, characterized by its reform program
Thomas More's Utopia
1516, literary masterpiece of ideal life and institutions of community based on communal owenership
high church officials (bishops, archbishops, cardinals) take over more than one church office
result of pluralism, church office holders ignored their duties and hired underlings who often had even less interest in the job
a catholic's chief means of receiving God's grace
How did Luther react to the Peasant's War?
Unsupported, published pamphlet Against the Robbing and Murdering Hordes of Peasants
remission after death of all or part of the punishment for sin
Peasant's Revolt 1524
Uprising against the Holy Roman Emperor, unsupported by Luther
taught that the substance of bread and wine consumed in the rite is miraculously transformed into the body and blood of Jesus
1519-1556 Holy Roman Emperor, Diet of Worms
great minister of Zurich, began reformation in Switzerland; killed, cut, burned in Swiss civil war 1531
Anabaptists and Munster
Anabaptists were radicals who rejected magisterial reformation and favored more radical reform movement; Munster was a city in Westphalia for Anabaptists, "New Jerusalem"
Edward VI and "Bloody Mary"
both kids of Henry VII, Edward= Jane Saymour, Mary= Catherine of Aragon
city in which John Calvin took up ministry and established the Ecclesiastical Ordinances
First Holy Roman Emperor
Foundation of Lutheran beliefs - Justification by faith alone
Military alliance of German princes
Ruling wealthy class
A Christian sacrament commemorating the Last Supper by consecrating bread and wine.
A largely self-governing state within a country, as in Switzerland
A Protestant sect that believed only adults could make a free choice regarding religion
Calvinist doctrine that God had foreordained some people to be saved and some to be damned
In Calvinist doctrine, those who have been chosen by God for salvation.
Definitive statement of Lutheran beliefs
Lutheran judicial bodies overseeing new Protestant churches
Frederick the Wise
Elector of Saxony who hid Luther after his excommunication
Followers of John Wycliffe's teachings - early English humanist
Used by Henry VIII to end pope's power in England, make him head of church and to grant him a divorce from Catherine of Aragon.
Efforts by the Catholic church to bring back members
Was increased due to the spread of the Reformation and Counter-Reformation
Honored Mothers and Wives
Evolved view of women's role in society under the Reformation
The act of birth control or encouraging rapid pregnancy, condemned by the church
Condemned by the Catholic Church given it contributed to family planning or increased infant mortality
Famous Spanish writer - author of Don Quixote
Fiction book combining idealism with realism
English author of 154 Sonnets and 37 Plays
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