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The right or authority of a justice agency to act in regard to a particular subject matter, territory, or person.
In medieval England, the chief law enforcement officer in a territorial area called a shire; later called the sheriff.
State police Model
A model of state law enforcement services in which the agency and its officers have the same law enforcement powers as local police but can exercise them anywhere within the state.
A system of protection in early England in which citizens, under the direction of a constable, or chief peacekeeper, were required to guard the city and to pursue criminals.
Protective services that a private security firm provides to people agencies, and companies that do not employ their own security personnel or that need extra protection.
Groups of able-bodies citizens of a community, called into service by a sheriff or constable to chase and apprehend offenders.
In-house protective services that a security staff, not classified as sworn peace officers, provide for the entity that employs them.
A contemporary approach to policing that actively involves the community in working partnership to control and reduce crime.
Peel's Principles of Policing
A dozen of standards proposed by Robert Peel, the author of legislation resulting in the formation of the London Metropolitan Police Department. The standards are still applicable to today's law enforcement.
Highway patrol model
A model of state law enforcement services in which officers focus on highway traffic safety, enforcement of the state's traffic laws, and the investigation of accidents on the state's roads, highways, and property.
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