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30 terms

Ch. 6 Bones and Skeletal Tissue

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Hyaline Cartilage
found at the ends of bones that are located at movable joints.
When chondrocytes divide and form new matrix, it leads to an expansion of the cartilage tissue from within. This process is called:
interstitial growth.
What is the most common type of cartilage found between bones in freely moveable joints?
hyaline cartilage
The axial skeleton includes:
ribs.
Which of the following is mismatched?
Short bones: examples include the vertebrae
Bones do not have a role in
glycogen production.
What bone shape is the patella?
short bone
Which of the following is a bone projection?
Trochanter
Which of the following is stored in bones?
Phosphate
Osteoblasts:
form new bone.
In adults, yellow marrow is located:
in the medullary cavity of the long bones.
In adults, hematopoietic tissue is mainly found in:
the hip bones.
The osteon is:
the structural unit of compact bone
The notable hardness of bone is attributed to:
the presence of inorganic hydroxyapatites
The epiphyseal plate is:
where bone elongation occurs.
Which of the following is unlikely to trigger bone remodeling?
Glucagon
What is osteoid?
the organic part of the matrix of bone
What is the structural unit of compact bone?
osteon
During infancy and childhood, the most important stimulus of epiphyseal plate activity is:
growth hormone.
Which of the following is correctly matched?
Compound fracture: the bone ends penetrate the skin
Which bone cells form bone?
osteoblasts
What is endochondral ossification?
the formation of bone from pre-existing hyaline cartilage models
What indicates that a long bone has reached its adult length?
closure of the epiphyseal plate
The correct order (from start to finish) of fracture repair is:
Hematoma formation, fibrocartilaginous callus formation, bony callus formation, and bone remodeling.
The main role of the appendicular skeleton is to protect and support body parts
False
What controls bone remodeling?
mechanical stress and hormones
What is the final stage in the healing of a bone fracture?
bone remodeling
Choose the correct pairing.
Paget's disease: excessive and haphazard bone deposition and resorption
Flat bones consist of compact bone sandwiched between spongy bone.
False
Which of the following refers to a bone disorder found most often in the aged and resulting in the bones becoming porous and light?
osteoporosis