Epic poem written by Virgil which tells the legendary story of Aeneas, a Trojan who travelled to Italy, where he became the ancestor of the Romans.
Two officials from the patrician class were appointed each year of the Roman Republic to supervise the government and command the armies
A war fought between Athens and Sparta in the 400s BC, ending in a victory for Sparta.
A series of wars between Greek city-states and the Persian Empire (5th century B.C.).
Member of the lower class in ancient Rome, including farmers, merchants, artisans, and traders who made up the largest part of Roman citizens.
A series of three wars between Rome and Carthage (264-146 B.C.); resulted in the destruction of Carthage and Rome's dominance over the western Mediterranean.
A government in which citizens choose a smaller group to govern on their behalf.
The earliest written collection of Roman laws, drawn up by patricians about 450 B.C. that became the foundation of Roman law.