Conservapedia: American History 2013 - Final SG Part 5

Pages 9-10
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March on Washington
1963: 250,000 march on Washington for Civil Rights
Office of Economic Opportunity
1964: President Johnson ran program giving $1billion for poverty relief
Civil Rights Act of 1964
banned discrimination based on race, color, religion, or gender in employment facilities
Escobedo v. Illinois
1964: Sup. Ct. holds that, if requested, a lawyer must be present during police interrogation
Free Speech Movement
1964: college students protest a number of injustices; began at U of CA at Berkeley
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
1964: Beginning of Vietnam just prior to 1964 elections, based on Truman Doctrine
Lyndon Johnson
1963-68: Dem. Pres., enacted "Great Society," wanted to end poverty using welfare, obsessed with Vietnam War
Voting Rights Act
1965: guaranteed all the right to vote in federal elections, esp. for Southern blacks
"Great Society"
1964: Johnson's new welfare programs: Medicare, Medicaid, Job Corps, arts schools
Medicare and Medicaid
1965: government health insurance for everyone over 65 (Medicare): insurance for the poor (Medicaid)
Elementary & Secondary Education & Higher Education Acts
1965: federal funding for school districts, also Head Start for poor preschoolers
Dept of Housing & Urban Development
1965: Created to develop and execute policy on housing and cities
Miranda v. Arizona
1966: estab. right of defendants to remain silent, have atty., hear rights
Thurgood Marshall
1967: first African American Justice on the Supreme Court; had successfully argued for desegregation in Brown v. Bd.
Tet Offensive
1968-69: North Vietnamese raid 39 of 44 provincial capitals
Paris peace talks
1972-73: talks to end Vietnam War
Robert F. Kennedy (bro. of JFK)
ran Dept. of Justice under JFK; destined to become Pres. in 1968 but assassinated by immigrant from Jordan
Democratic National Conv. 1968
1968: protest riots in Chicago that were suppressed by Mayor Daley, publicity hurt Democrats
Chicago Seven
hippies tried and convicted for disrupting Dem. 1968 conven. (overturned on appeal)
EPA
1970: Environmental Protection Agency estab. to conserve natural resources and reduce pollution
Roe v. Wade
1973: invented new constitutional "right" to abortion, over the objection of two Justices
Richard Nixon
1968: Repub. Pres., former anti-Communist Congressman and VP, wins after 3rd party candidate siphons off votes
Apollo 11
1969: lands on Moon to fulfill President Kennedy's promise
War Powers Act
1973: Post-Vietnam, Congress says Pres. must get its approval w/in 60 days
New York Times v. U.S.
1971: denies Pres. power to stop publication of Pentagon Papers (a secret, embarrassing study of US in Vietnam)
Furman v. Georgia
1972: invalidates death penalties, requires high standards and guidelines before imposing the death penalty
Henry Kissinger
1969-77: powerful Sec'y of State under Nixon and Ford, dictated US foreign policy as Nixon and Ford deferred to him
"Vietnamization"
1969: Nixon gave planes to South Vietnam so that it could defend itself; strategy was unsuccessful
Strategic Arms Limit. Treaty (SALT)
1972: key arms-reduction agreement with USSR; accepts Mutual Assured Destruction; ratified by Senate
Committee to Reelect the Pres.
1972: Pres. Nixon's reelection committee in 1972 that broke the law, caused Watergate; named "CREEP" by critics
Watergate
1972-74: Burglary that led to cover-up that led to Nixon resigning in 1973
Spiro Agnew
1973: Nixon's VP, forced out based on corruption charges arising from when he was governor of Maryland
Saturday Night Massacre
1973: Nixon wants special prosecutor Cox fired; 2 resign rather than fire Cox; Robert Bork eventually fires Cox
Nixon resigns
1973: Ct ordered his tapes released, and impeachment was likely, so Nixon resigned first
Gerald Ford
1973-76: Repub., only unelected President; pardoned Nixon, signed Helsinki Accords to promote rights worldwide
Jimmy Carter
1976-1980: Dem. Pres., honest antidote to Nixon scandal, boycotted Olympics, decried nat'l "malaise", high inflation
Panama Canal treaties
1977: Carter agrees to give back Panama Canal to Panama after 1999, Senate approves
Camp David Accords
1978: Carter gets Egypt and Israel to agree to peace, still in effect
Three Mile Island
1979: Nuclear power plant's meltdown near Harrisburg, boosted anti-nuclear movement
SALT-II
1972-79: Carter's treaty with USSR to reduce arms, never ratified by Senate
Iran hostage crisis
1979-81: radical Muslims captured US embassy since Carter helped Shah; hostages released for Reagan
Equal Rights Amendment
1972-82: STOP ERA movement, led by Phyllis Schlafly, defeated it; issue helped defeat Carter in reelection
Ronald Reagan
1980-1988: Repub. Pres.: less govt. regulation, more morality, tough with Communists; "tear down this wall" (Berlin)
Reaganomics
how critics described "supply side economics": tax cuts help everyone and can even increase govt revenue
women Sup. Ct. Justices
1981: 1st woman Supreme Court Justice was Sandra Day O'Connor; second was Ruth Bader Ginsburg (1993)
Iran-Contra Scandal
1986: Using arms-for-hostages to fund anti-communist Contras in Nicaragua, despite Congress. Prohibition
Star Wars
1983: Reagan's idea for system to shoot down enemy missiles mid-air; partially developed and useful in Gulf War
George Bush Sr.
1988: Rep. Pres. "Kinder, gentler America"; saw Cold War end; broke key pledge: "Read my lips -- no new taxes"
Persian Gulf War
1990-91: Iran needs money after war with Iran. Attacks oil-rich Kuwait, and US responds w/ Operation Desert Storm
Americans with Disabilities Act
1990: Prohibits discrimination against citizens with physical or mental disabilities.
Budget plan of 1990
1990: Vast budget deficit led to Pres. Bush breaking his "no new taxes" campaign pledge by increasing taxes
Clarence Thomas
1991: Second African-American Supreme Court Justice; conservative opponent of affirmative action and abortion.
Bill Clinton
1992-2000: Dem. Pres. hurt by failed health care plan and Monica Lewinsky sex scandal; 1st budget surplus in years
"Don't ask, don't tell"
1993: Clinton wanted ban on gays in military lifted; military refused and excludes gays; protested by gay movement
Health care reform
1993: Hilary Clinton led team to take over health care. Physicians, pro-lifers help defeat complex plan in Congress
World Trade Center bombing
1993: terrorists linked to radical Muslims set off truck bomb under World Trade Ctr in attempt to destroy it; six killed
Brady Bill
1994: federal gun control requiring criminal background check and five-day waiting period for handgun purchasers
Bombing of the Federal Building
1995: on 2nd anniversary of govt raid in Waco, in retaliation Timothy McVeigh bombed govt bldg in Oklahoma City
NAFTA
1993: North American Free Trade Agt., creates free-trade zone encompassing Mexico, Canada, and the U.S.
World Trade Organization
1995: Promotes world trade by lowering by lowering trade barriers, but subjects U.S. to foreign tribunals (courts)
Monica Lewinsky
1998: Clinton lied about his relationship with intern Monica Lewinsky; led to his impeachment (but not his removal)
Columbine High School
1999: two anti-Christian bigoted high school students killed 12 students, one for believing in God, and a teacher
Dot-com Boom
1997-2000: huge speculation in stocks doing business over the internet; followed by dot-com bust
Bush v. Gore
2000: Supreme Ct. case won by Bush, it blocked a third recount in several Florida districts after close 2000 election
George W. Bush
2000-2008: Repub. Pres.: his "compassionate conservatism" expanded govt; fought war on terror; cut taxes
9/11 terrorist attacks
Sept. 11, 2001: Saudi Arabians hijack 4 planes, fly 2 into World Trade Ctr, it catches fire and collapses, killing 3000. 3rd jet crashed into Pentagon, killing 66; passengers fight hijackers on 4th jet, it crashes in Pennsylvania field.
Patriot Act of 2001
Permits extensive phone and email surveillance, and authorizes deportation or detention of suspected terrorists
No Child Left Behind Act
2001: Aims to improve public schools by increasing testing, and mandating alternatives when test scores are failing
War on Terrorism
2001: War begun after the 9/11 attacks with the intension of ending international terrorism
Invasion of Afghanistan
2001: Targeted Al-Qaeda members and sought to punish Taliban government for harboring terrorists.
Invasion of Iraq
2003: Saddam Hussein of Iraq fails to disarm; US invades and eventually captures Saddam.
Democrats, then Republicans
2008: Democrats win Pres. and Congress, Obama increases spending; Repubs win House in 2010 landslide
homeschooling now mainstream
2011: homeschooling grows to include 1 out of every 30 students, and a much higher percentage of achievers