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Revolutionary War

Revolutionary War Review
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What war did "the shot heard 'round the world" start?
Revolutionary War
What battle did "the shot heard 'round the world" take place in?
Lexington & Concord
Who did the Second Continental Congress make Commander of the Continental army?
George Washington
How did the Continental Army struggle during the early years of the American Revolution?
A divided population, few soldiers, short enlistments, few military supplies, little military training, little military experience, starved, froze, suffered from disease
What fort did Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold capture to get artillery for the Continental Army that was used to drive the British out of Boston?
Fort Ticonderoga
What battle did Israel Putnam say "don't fire until you see the whites of their eyes" because America was running out of ammo?
Bunker Hill
What city was General Howe sent to capture in an attempt to win the war in one big battle?
New York City
Whose famous last words of "I regret that I have only one life to lose for my country" inspired the Continental army after their defeat in Long Island?
Nathan Hale
What is a professional soldier who is paid to fight called?
Mercenary
What were the mercenary soldiers Britain hired to fight in the Revolutionary War called?
Hessians
What battle did George Washington lead the Continental Army across the Delaware River Christmas night 1776, surprise attack the Hessians and gain a much needed morale boost?
Trenton
Who wrote "The Crisis" to encourage Patriots to keep fighting?
Thomas Paine
Where did the Continental Army spend the second winter of the American Revolution suffering, freezing and starving?
Valley Forge
Who volunteered in the Continental Army and used his own money to buy warm clothes for the soldiers at Valley Forge?
Marquis de Lafayette
Who trained the Continental Army at Valley Forge and made it a more organized fighting force?
Baron von Steuben
What did Britain want to gain control of in Albany, New York to divide the New England Colonies from the rest?
Hudson River
What battle was the turning point of the American Revolution and led France to become an American ally?
Saratoga
Who betrayed his country after the Battle of Saratoga?
Benedict Arnold
What was Britain's third plan to win the American Revolution which called for fighting in the South and relying upon Loyalist support?
Southern Campaign
What is a soldier who leaves the military without permission called?
Deserter
What are small bands of fighters who use hit and run tactics called?
Guerillas
Who earned the nickname "Swamp Fox" by leading a band of Guerrillas that harassed the British during their "Southern Campaign?"
Francis Marion
Who was sent by Washington in 1780 to slow Cornwallis by leading him on an exhausting chase throughout the southern backcountry?
Nathanael Greene
What was the last major battle of the Revolutionary War that convinced Britain the war was too difficult and costly to pursue?
Yorktown
What British general lost to George Washington in the Battle of Yorktown?
Lord Cornwallis
What treaty ended the Revolutionary War, gave America independence and allowed Americans to move west?
Treaty of Paris 1783
Who wanted freedom from Britain?
Patriots
Who wanted to remain under British control?
Loyalists
Who chose neither side during the American Revolution?
Neutrals
How did America win the Revolutionary War?
Motivation, George Washington, Foreign Aid and War Location
What did Britain offer slaves to get their help during the Revolutionary War?
Freedom
What did Britain offer American Indians to get their help during the Revolutionary War?
Land
What was the colonists' last attempt at peace with Britain?
Olive Branch Petition
What persuaded colonists independence was sensible and key to a brighter American future?
Common Sense
What informed Britain of the colonists' desire for freedom?
Declaration of Independence
Whose Enlightenment Theory said all men are created equal and have unalienable rights, governments are created by the people and get their power from the people to protect the rights of the people; and if a government fails to protect the rights of the people, the people have the right to alter or abolish the government?
John Locke
Who did most of the work and therefore gets most of the credit for writing the Declaration of Independence?
Thomas Jefferson
Whose name is synonymous with signature for being the first to sign the Declaration of Independence?
John Hancock
What Patriot said "Give me liberty or give me death?"
Patrick Henry
What battle was a loss for America but proved they could hold their own against the British?
Bunker Hill