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History 140 final
Terms in this set (41)
Students for a Democratic Society
Held its first meeting at the University of Michigan Ann Arbor in 1960
Revolutionary movement in France at a university in Naterre, spreads into Paris to cause labor movement and almost topples DeGaule's 5th Republic.
Simone de Beauvoir
Feminist who was a key figure for Second Wave Feminism
Second Wave Feminism
Focus on sexuality, reproductive rights, family, the workplace, inequalities.
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
Formed at Shaw University by African American students. Stood for equal rights for all. Organized sit-ins and was part of the new youth culture.
Promoted African-American and African unity. Blacks should develop their own state and identity and not assimilate into mainstream white America. Leaders of black nationalism include figures like Malcolm X and Marcus Garvey
Democratically elected prime minister of Iran (1951-53) Left leaning Marxist but suspicious of Soviet Union. Overthrown by CIA, which later helps perpetuate Iranian discontent with US.
1963 Attempt by Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi to modernize Iran through series of reforms all with the purpose of "westernizing" Iran. education was reformed, women were given the right to vote, there was land reform that gave land to impoverished people. This was all paid for through oil revenue.
Denounced the Shah and White Revolution. Used cassette tapes to broadcast his ideas to Iranians while in exile. Supported hostage takers during Iran Hostage Crisis. Fundamentalist Islam beliefs in terms of anti-colonialism.
Iran Hostage Crisis
1979 Iranians storm US embassy. Hostage crisis last for 444 days (1979-1981)
The Killing Fields
A number of sites in Cambodia where large numbers of people were killed and buried by the Khmer Rouge regime, during its rule of the country from 1975 to 1979, immediately after the end of the Cambodian Civil War
A communist guerrilla organization that opposed the Cambodian government in the 1960s and waged a civil war from 1970, taking power in 1975.
King and Prime Minister of Cambodia who reigned from 1953-1970. Dethrowned by Lon Nol in 1970.
An activist Catholic religious movement that combines Catholic beliefs with a passion for social justice for the poor.
Guatemala, 1954. United Fruit Company. Arbenz wanted to seize and redistribute land, Arbenz was overthrown by CIA-sponsored covert ops -> led to long-standing civil war in Latin America.
Good Neighbor Policy
U.S.'s foreign policy towards Latin American affairs during the FDR presidency.
School of the Americas
Founded in 1946, where Latin American were trained in the arts of anti-communist counterinsurgency.
Various rebel groups that fought against Sandinista in Nicaragua. Active from 1979-1990's .
Bay of Pigs
In April 1961, a group of Cuban exiles organized and supported by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency landed on the southern coast of Cuba in an effort to overthrow Fidel Castro. When the invasion ended in disaster, President Kennedy took full responsibility for the failure.
Communist Prime Minister of Cuba from 1959 - 1976.
A radical Palestinian organization founded in 1987 in opposition to the moderate policies of the Palestine Liberation Organization. Three Wings:
1993, series of agreements reached in 1993 between PLO and Israel that Israeli troops would withdraw from Gaza and areas of the west ban and that the PLO and Israel would acknowledge one another.
1917, Britain's declaration of support for the foundation of a Jewish state or nation in Palestine.
Third Wave Democracy
Post Cold War wave of democracy with more than 60 stable working democracies tied to global capitalist Ideals
You can have democracy but without culture and institutions it will never work.
What you need:
President of Serbia from 1989 to 1997 and of Yugoslavia 1997 to 2000. A key figure in the ethnic conflicts in the Balkans in the 1900's.
First president of Croatia. Political career was founded through the Croatian Democratic Union in 1989. Became president in 1990 and he proclaimed Croatian independence.
Peace agreement signed in 1995 that ended the Bosnian civil war and established the grounds for an independent Bosnia and a Serbian Republic
Genocide of 8,000 Bosnian men and boys and ethnic cleansing of 25-30,000 refugees in Srebrenica, a town in Bosnia by the VRS in July 1995.
Hutus and Tutsis
Two African groups living together in central Africa, Hutu ran the government and resented the Tutsis who were better educated, Tutsis went to Uganda and formed a party to overthrow the Hutsis in central Africa
The killing of more than 500,000 ethnic Tutsis by rival Hutu militias in Rwanda in 1994. The conflict between the dominant Tutsis and the majority Hutus had gone on for centuries, but the suddenness and savagery of the massacres caught the United Nations off-guard. U.N. peacekeepers did not enter the country until after much of the damage had been done.
Published Silent Spring in 1962; documented the environmental damage done by DDT and other pesticides. Which heightened public awareness at the start of the modern environmental movement.
Clash of Civilizations
political scientist Samuel Huntington's controversial thesis than in the 21st century the globe's major civilizations will conflict with one another, leading to anarchy and warfare similar to that resulting from conflicts between states over the past 500 years; as many as 11 civilizations in the world; globalization changes the context under which ethnic and cultural conflict arises
Human Rights in World History
Different regions and cultures haves different ideas of Human Rights.
Human Rights concerns Shift over time
Ever expanding list of what is considered "human rights"
Human rights got its beginning in early 20th century.
During the 1970-1980s especially in the Eastern world. depressed economy (stagnant) but increased prices (inflation). Recovery in the US and UK coincided with the election of conservative parties.
1991; created the EU in place today and gave it authority in new areas, including the monetary policy, foreign affairs, national security, transportation, the environment, justice, and tourism; an important goal was to coordinate economic policies, particularly through a common currency (the euro).
Democracy and Free Trade market Triumph
-Higher standards of living
---Low taxes and small government
---Reduced regularity in industry
---Selll to whomever
---------Privatization-- privatizing state industry to guarantee free markets
(conservative) Prime Minister of the UK from 1979-1990.
1st socialist president of France. Tried communism but it didnt work so switched to Free Market.
The rising economic powers: Brazil, Russia India and China.
(re) democratization in Africa, done through National Conferences (early 1990s, end of communism, fixing what happened with post colonial destruction)
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