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Vocabulary Workshop level E 1-3

STUDY
PLAY
adulterate
(v.) to corrupt, make worse by the addition of something of lesser value
ambidextrous
(adj.) able to use both hands equally well; very skillful; deceitful, hypocritical
augment
(v.) to make larger, increase
bereft
(adj., part.) deprived of; made unhappy through a loss
deploy
(v.) to position or arrange; to utilize; to form up
dour
(adj.) stern, unyielding, gloomy, ill-humored
fortitude
(n.) courage in facing difficulties
gape
(v.) to stare with open mouth; to open the mouth wide; to open wide
gibe
(v.) to utter taunting words; (n.) an expression of scorn
guise
(n.) an external appearance, cover, mask
insidious
(adj.) intended to deceive or entrap; sly, treacherous
intimation
(n.) a hint, indirect suggestion
opulent
(adj.) wealthy, luxurious; ample; grandiose
pliable
(adj.) easily bent, flexible; easily influenced
reiterate
(v.) to say again, repeat
stolid
(adj.) not easily moved mentally or emotionally; dull, unresponsive
tentative
(adj.) experimental in nature; uncertain, hesitant
unkempt
(adj.) not combed; untidy; not properly maintained; unpolished, rude
verbatim
(adj., adv.) word for word; exactly as written or spoken
warily
(adv) cautiously, with great care
adroit
(adj.) skillful, expert in the use of the hands or mind
amicable
(adj.) peaceable, friendly
averse
(adj.) having a deep-seated distaste; opposed, unwilling
belligerent
(adj.) given to fighting, warlike; combative, aggressive; (n.) one at war, one engaged in war
benevolent
(adj.) kindly, charitable
cursory
(adj.) hasty, not thorough
duplicity
(n.) treachery, deceitfulness
extol
(v.) to praise extravagantly
feasible
(adj.) possible, able to be done
grimace
(n.) a wry face, facial distortion; (v.) to make a wry face
holocaust
(n.) a large-scale destruction, especially by fire; a vast slaughter; a burnt offering
impervious
(adj.) not affected or hurt by; admitting of no passage or entrance
impetus
(n.) a moving force, impulse, stimulus
jeopardy
(n.) danger
meticulous
(adj.) extremely careful; particular about details
nostalgia
(n.) a longing for something past; homesickness
quintessence
(n.) the purest essence or form of something; the most typical example
retrogress
(v.) to move backward; to return to an earlier condition
scrutinize
(v.) to examine closely
tepid
(adj.) lukewarm; unenthusiastic, marked by an absence of interest
adversary
(n.) an enemy, opponent
alienate
(v.) to turn away; to make indifferent or hostile; to transfer, convey
artifice
(n.) a skillful or ingenious device; a clever trick; a clever skill; trickery
coerce
(v.) to compel, force
craven
(adj.) cowardly; (n.) a coward
culinary
(adj) of or related to cooking or the kitchen
delete
(v.) to erase, wipe out, cut out
demise
(n.) a death, especially of a person in a lofty position
exhilarate
(v.) to enliven, cheer, give spirit or liveliness to
fallow
(adj.) plowed but not seeded; inactive; reddish-yellow; (n.) land left unseeded; (v.) to plow but not seed
harass
(v.) to disturb, worry; to trouble by repeated attacks
inclement
(adj.) stormy, harsh; severe in attitude or action
muse
(v.) to think about in a dreamy way, ponder
negligable
(adj.)so unimportant that it can be disregarded
perpetuate
(v.) to make permanent or long lasting
precedent
(n.) an example that may serve as a basis for imitation or later action
punitive
(adj) inflicting or aiming at punishment
redress
(v.) to set right, remedy; (n.) relief from wrong or injury
sojourn
(n.) a temporary stay; (v.) to stay for a time
urbane
(adj.) refined in manner or style, suave