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Arts and Humanities
History Exam Review (all test put together)
Terms in this set (74)
an historical term that is used by historians to study Rome in the post-classical era
who was the general that helped Emperor Justinian reclaim much of the old Western Roman Empire
all of the following are true about young Justinian except:
he was the eldest sonf of rival family competing for the Byzantine throne
what was the primary industry of Constantinople throughout the post-classical era, as a result of Justinian's actions?
Justinian's plague struck Constantinople in 542 CE via (by way of) which major Mediterranean Sea port?
in 532 CE, Emperor Justinian faced a serious threat to his reign in the form of a mass riot. Throngs of people were heard shouting the word "Nika". What does that word mean?
which empire was considered the Roman Empire's traditional eastern enemy?
all of the following reasons made the eastern half of the Roman Empire wealthier than the western half except:
it almost never experienced invasion or war
why was Byzantium renamed "Constantinople"?
locals referred to it by the name because Roman Emperor Constantine made it Rome's new capital
which of the following is not a reason why the Byzantine Empire was so important to Western Europe?
the empire continued to act as a central authority for the germanic kingdoms of Western Europe
one of the reasons why Byzantine was selected as the site of the "New Rome" was because it was situated along the Bosporus Strait. Which two bodies of water were connected by the narrow channel of water/
Black Sea and Mediterranean Sea
the beginning of Islam is dated:
622 CE, when the prophet Muhammad fled to Medina with the first Muslim converts
where are the holy cities of Mecca and Medina located?
in pre-islamic time, the status of Mecca was enhanced by:
the kabba, a religious shrine which attracted pilgrims
jews were considered dhimmi, or people of the book, while living in Muslim lands, and as such were able to:
worship freely as long as they paid a tax called the jizya
al of the following are achievements made by the rashidun, except:
conquered the Byzantine Empire
which of the following terms in islamic law?
whose assassination caused the Sunni-Shia split?
Ali ibn Abu Tailb (Muhammad's cousin & son-in-law)
all of the following groups muslims would considered mawali, except:
one of the provinces administered by the Umayyad Caliphate was called al-Andalus. Which country is best associated with the name?
____ became the imperial capital under ____, the former governor of Syria.
all of the following are attributes of the Umayyad Caliphate, except:
continued with the traditional model of electing caliphs though a council of elders
the boundaries of the islamic caliphate reached its greatest extent, and arabic became the official imperial language, under which of the Umayyad caliphs?
which of the following Umayyad caliphs was known for his piety, morality and ethics and he made several reforms that drew wide praise?
Umar 11 ibn Abd al-Aziz
Feudalism and manorialism were different in which of the following ways?
feudalism was a political system while manorialism was an economic system
Which group was most likely to be literate in the period of European history often called the Dark Ages?
When the Vikings invaded Britain and mainland Europe, one of their primary targets were monasteries and convents because of their great wealth. How is it that these institutions of God's church became so wealthy?
Their wealthy parishioners would often bequeath their money and lands
What was the name of an estate that a lord would grant to a vassal?
Which is the most important reason for the rise of the Franks as the dominant Germanic group in Europe circa the 5th through 9th centuries?
Clovis' conversion and allegiance to Roman Catholicism lead to support from the Pope and the Roman Catholic church
What services did monks and nuns most likely NOT perform during the Middle Ages?
Which of the following statements is true about the agricultural surplus in Western Europe during medieval times?
The agricultural surplus was sufficient to sustain lords and their retainers, but not large city populations of artisans, merchants, and professionals
At the beginning of the medieval era in Western Europe, most Germanic peoples were:
Which description best fits the Roman label "feoderati"?
protected subjects of the Roman state who did not have to pay taxes but were required to supply able-bodied men for the Roman legions
In medieval society, which class of noble was ranked highest?
Which of the following is true regarding Germanic customary law?
Criminal punishment was based on compensation rather than vengeance
What region/province of the Roman Empire was named Gaul?
If a manor gained a new lord, what would happen to the serfs?
they remained bound to the land
The ancien regime of that developed in medieval European society was comprised (made up) of three class, called estates. Which estate was the largest of the three but also wielded the least amount of political power?
High clergy (e.g. bishops, archbishops, popes) of the medieval Catholic Church were usually:
Pragmatic decisions, such as the one Clovis made when converting to Roman Catholicism in 496 CE, are ones that are made based on:
what the practical effects, or outcomes, will be
Charlemagne hoped to build a western European empire which might rival his contemporaries:
the Abbasids and the Byzantines
Which of the following statements accurately describes the feudal system dominant in Western Europe by the year 1000 CE?
Kings distributed land to the nobles in return for loyalty and military service
What is fealty?
pledge of loyalty made by a vassal to his lord
What made Toulouse an important center for the early Visigothic kings?
Toulouse was a major stopping point on the Roman road that connected Mediterranean trade with the Atlantic coast
Considering the ancien regime in France, which of the following groups belonged to the First Estate?
How did the Church gain power in the Middle Ages?
It provided aid to the poor, and churchmen were appointed to high government positions
Who was a powerful Ostrogothic king who was hailed by both races, as he brought about 30 years of peace (c. 493-526 CE), upheld Roman law and authority, and provided "bread and circuses" to the masses?
After the collapse of Charlemagne's empire, the pattern of political life in Western Europe:
fragmented into regional monarchies with strong aristocracies
Which Germanic group brought about an end to Roman rule in the Western Empire in 476 CE?
Which dynasty was made prominent by the Frankish king Clovis?
Charlemagne's legacy includes:
spreading Christianity into northern Europe
Which was an important consequence of the Viking invasions into many parts of Europe during the 8th and 9th centuries?
Europeans established feudalism
Towns in the Roman Empire had served as commercial centers integrating the economic activities of distant regions, while towns in Western Europe c. 500-1000 CE served as:
economic gathering places for the sale or exchange of locally produced goods
Upon the death of Clovis, his kingdom was further divided into four constituent kingdoms and passed down to his four sons. Which of these constituent kingdoms was located in the northwest of France and was centered at Paris?
How was Islam able to hold together the Middle East, northern Africa, and southern Europe as a single region during the era 600-1450?
Muslims bridged cultural differences and embraced literacy, artistic, philosophical, and scientific traditions of others
Which of the following is an accurate statement about Islamic art and architecture?
Islamic art focused on abstract geometric patterns and ornate calligraphy in Arabic
The Byzantine concept of "theme" was developed to:
enable Byzantine military forces to organize quickly and to provide a sustainable political and social order throughout the empire
The Byzantine decline after the eleventh century was due to all of the following EXCEPT:
the attempts by Basil the Bulgar Slayer to expand the empire
As the Muslim empire grew and the Abbasid Dynasty came to power:
Muslim rulers were increasingly isolated because of advisors and harems
Merchants from which European region prospered most by the interaction between East and West during the Crusades era?
The second passage does not support the first passage because the second passage:
presents an incident in which a military order supported a Muslim traveler
Which of the following is true of the Abbasid Caliphate?
It presided over the golden age of Islamic culture
Contacts with Islam and the Muslims led the Byzantines to:
attack the use of icons as graven images
All of the following encouraged Europe in the High Middle Ages to establish greater economic ties to other civilizations EXCEPT:
the collapse of the Eastern Orthodox Byzantine Empire
The Orthodox Church and the Latin Church:
formally split over doctrinal disputes in the eleventh century but still united to fight together in the Crusades
Between the eighth century and the eleventh century, Baghdad became:
an important center of learning and distribution point for books
What effect did the technology of watermills have on western European life? [CONTEXT: 500-800 CE was known as the Dark Ages; 1300-1600 was the Renaissance Era; 1600-1800 was the Age of Enlightenment; 1700-1900 was the Industrial Revolution]
It freed human and animal labor for other work
While the Crusades were a misguided effort to reconquer the Holy Lands, they were entirely successful at:
connecting Europe to the world trade market
In what way did Islamic and medieval European philosophers think alike?
They attempted to reconcile reason and religious faith
One benefit of the size of the Mongol Empire was that:
it promoted the movement of people, ideas, and goods
One of the major reasons for the early success of the Ottoman armies was:
their use of gunpowder
Which of the following events created economic conditions that motivated Christopher Columbus's voyage in 1492?
The fall of Constantinople's trade routes to the Turks
Why did Kiev rise as the prime trading center in the mid-ninth century?
It was strategically located on the Dnieper River which linked trade routes between Scandinavia and Byzantium
What best describes the relationship between Islamic and medieval European culture?
Muslim science and translations from Greek were indispensable to Europe's cultural growth
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