21 terms

Functional Groups - VCE chemistry

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hydroxyl
R-OH
carboxyl
COOH
carbonyl
C=O
amine
R - NH2
amide
HN-C=O
chloro
-Cl
bromo
-Br
Iodo
-I
fluoro
-Fl
alkane
a hydrocarbon containing only single covalent bonds
CnH2n+2
alkene
A hydrocarbon containing a double bond.
CnH2n
alkyne
a hydrocarbon containing a triple bond.
C2H2n-2
ketone
R-C=O-R
a C=O not at end of molecule
aldehyde
An organic molecule with a carbonyl group located at the end of the carbon skeleton.
R-COH
ester
an organic compound made by chemically combining an alcohol and an organic acid
RCOOR
ether
R-O-R
glycosidic link
bond between monosaccharides
peptide link
A carboxyl and an amino group react to form an amide (or peptide link) (-CONH-). The formation of many of these links produces a polypeptide (protein)
alcohol
contains an -OH group
haloalkane
a H is replaced by a Cl, Fl, I or Br
carboxylic acid
COOH