AP World History Unit 2
Terms in this set (44)
A male dominated society
Mandate of Heaven
an ancient Chinese belief and philosophical idea that tiān (heaven) granted emperors the right to rule based on their ability to govern well and fairly.
an ancient network of trade and cultural transmission routes that were central to cultural interaction through regions of the Asian continent connecting the West and East by merchants, pilgrims, monks, soldiers, nomads, and urban dwellers from China and India to the Mediterranean Sea
strict adherence, or the principle of strict adherence, to law or prescription
a system of philosophical and ethical teachings founded by Confucius
is a nontheistic religion or philosophy (Sanskrit: dharma; Pali: धम्म dhamma) that encompasses a variety of traditions, beliefs and spiritual practices largely based on teachings attributed to Gautama Buddha, commonly known as the Buddha ("the awakened one").
the religion based on the person and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth, or its beliefs and practices.
a philosophical, ethical or religious tradition of Chinese origin, or faith of Chinese exemplification, that emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao.
an empire located in modern day Iran but stretched as far as Egypt and Iraq.
an empire located in northern India that lasted from 320-550 c.e.
Torah, Old Testament, Jewish Holy Scriptures
A religion and philosophy developed in ancient India, characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme being who takes many forms
(321-185 BCE) This was the first centralized empire of India whose founder was Chandragupta Maurya.
Leader of the Mauryan dynasty of India who conquered most of India but eventually gave up violence and converted to Buddhism.
Siddhartha Gautama (The Buddha)
Means "Enlightened One." He is said to have renounced his worldly possessions and taught of a way to overcome suffering.
Founded Constantinople; best known for being the first Christian Roman Emperor; issued the Edit of Milan in 313, granting religious toleration throughout the empire.
Indian Ocean Maritime Trade System
A way of life in which men and women withdraw from the rest of the world in order to devote themselves to their faith
Of or influenced by the Greek Empire. A type of culture typically referred to after the conquests of Alexander the Great.
A democratic Greek polis who accomplished many cultural achievements, and who were constantly at war with Sparta.
trade routes stretching from China to the Mediterranean, which allowed for the exchange of goods and ideas from China to the Roman Empire
Jesus of Nazareth
a teacher and prophet born in Bethlehem and active in Nazareth; his life and sermons form the basis for Christianity.
City located in present-day Tunisia, founded by Phoenicians ca. 800 B.C.E. It became a major commercial center and naval power in the western Mediterranean until defeated by the expanding Roman Republic in the third century B.C.E.
An Arab sailboat
Major winds in the Indian Ocean that blew into India for half the year, and blew away from India for the other half. Helped facilitate trade in the Indian Ocean.
A governor of a province in ancient Persia
Bread and Circuses
A Roman bribery method of coping with class difference. Entertainment and food was offered to keep plebeians quiet without actually solving unemployment problems.
(63 BCE - 14 CE) First emperor of Rome (27 BCE - 14 CE) He restored order and prosperity to the Empire after nearly a century of turmoil. Grandnephew to Julius Caesar.
a council of wealthy and powerful Romans that advised the city's leaders
A period of peace and prosperity throughout the Roman Empire, lasting from 27 B.C. to A.D. 180.
Two major Persian invasions of Greece, in 490 B.C.E. and 480 B.C.E., in which the Persians were defeated on both land and sea.
(431-404 BCE) The war between Athens and Sparta that in which Sparta won, but left Greece as a whole weak and ready to fall to its neighbors to the north.
A series of three wars between Rome and Carthage (264-146 B.C.); resulted in the destruction of Carthage and Rome's dominance over the western Mediterranean.
Civil Service Exam
In Imperial China starting in the Han dynasty, it was an exam based on Confucian teachings that was used to select people for various government service jobs in the nationwide administrative bureaucracy.
an ordinary citizen in the ancient Roman republic
A city-state in ancient Greece.
A term used to describe members of China's landowning families, reflecting their wealth from the land and the privilege that they derived as government officials.
A government ruled by a few powerful people
the moral law of cause and effect of actions; determines the nature of one's reincarnation
The Hindu concept of the spirit's 'liberation' from the endless cycle of rebirths.
The Bhagavad Gita, often referred to as the Gita, is a 700 verse Hindu scripture in Sanskrit that is part of the Hindu epic Mahabharata.