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Arts and Humanities
Old Testament: Test 2
Terms in this set (93)
Who was Eli's successor?
Who was Samuel's mother?
What did the Israelites take with them to use to help them win the battle?
The ark of the covenant
How did Eli die?
Heard about the covenant being taken, fell out of his chair, broke his neck, and died.
Who were the first kings of Israel
Samuel, Saul, David
How did Saul die?
the last of the judges and one of the first prophets
Joshua's overall theme is
reveals the surpassing value of obedience
Judge's overall theme is
reveals the hopeless state of Israel after the conquest
Ruth's overall theme is
reveals God's sovereign care for faithful individuals who live in the midst of national religious apostasy.
1 & 2 Samuel's overall theme is
tells the story of the first two kings.
1 & 2 King's overall theme is
history of the monarch from Solomon to the fall of Jerusalem
1 & 2 Chronicle's overall theme is
to retell the story of David, Solomon, and the kingdom of Judah
Ezra and Nehemiah
presents the events if the restoration in the middle of the fifth century BC
who was Joshua empowered by
themes of Joshua
-Transition of power from Moses to Joshua
-Conquest and division of Canaan
-God's faithfulness to his promise to give Israel the land
Where did Israel fail in the book of Joshua
They did not drive out the smaller groups of people and their pagan influence eventually corrupted the Israelites.
How many cities did the Israelites receive?
How and why cities did Israel designate for refuge?
six Levitical cities there to protect people who accidentally caused someone's death
What plan did Israel use to conquer the land?
Conquer the central part and work from there
What were Joshua's three military campaigns?
1.Central Campaign: Divide and conquer, taking central part of land first.
2. Southern: A coalition of southern Canaan's kings quickly formed to attack Gibeon.
3. Northern: Another coalition, Jabin King of Hazor joined with other kings against Joshua's armies.
What happened with the ark of the covenant in Judges
The Philistines took it and hid it in Ashdod
What happened to the Philistines after stealing the ark of the covenant?
They suffered 2 plagues: 1 Dagon (their god) fell and worshipped. 2. Hemroids and mice.
Saul showed his true heart when
he made a rash oath with God and tried to apply it against God's word
When David was anointed as king
God looked at his heart not physic
David won the people hear by
being the court musician and a successful military leader
Saul asked the woman at Endor to call up Samuel's spirit and when he did
Samuel announced that Sail would die in battle with the Philistines
What threats did the people of 1 Samuel face
the Philistines and surrounding areas
Themes of 1 Samuel
Samuel's ministry, Sauls reign, and David's rise to prominence
How did Samuel's life change Israel's history
he was a faithful priest/prophet who became Eli's successor instead of Eli's sinful sons
What is the role of historicity for a biblical faith?
If you dont know the history you won't know the effect it had during that time
Why was Israel allowed to conquer Canaan?
They waited there time in the land and acted on the promise God gave to them
What were Joshua's final challenges
challenged Israel's leaders to remember the great things they had seen God do, recounted Israel's history and God's mission to redeem his people, and for them to commit themselves fully to the Lord
The historical books have
the value of obedience and the cost of disobedience
the moral collapse ofIsrael after the conquest and its refusal to stay on course with God
God's sovereign care for individuals who are faithful in spite of national religious apostasy
traces the early history of the Israel's monarchy
tells the history of the monarchy from Solomon to the fall of Jerusalem.
All the kings of Jerusalem were
contrary to God's opinion.
The author of the historical books is
Who are the Judges in Judges
Major: Othenial, Ehud, Deborah, Gideon, Jephthah, and Samson. Minor: Shamgar, Tola, Jair, Ibzan, Elon, and Aldon
Why did Israel fail the conquest
They did failed to push out the small groups of people, developed and paganistic religion, and got into fights
Characters of Ruth
Boaz, Ruth, Naomi, God and Orpah
What is a kinsman-redeemer
A person who bears the responsibility of the property and wife of a deceased relative
How was God sovereign in the book of Ruth
the faithfulness of each character, This book highlights the differences between people who did right in their own eyes and people who pursued God.
What is the Deuteronomistic History?
a theoretical construct holding the behind the present forms of Joshua, Judges, Ruth, Samuel, and Kings there was a single literary work. Emphasis on the doctrine of retribution based on the curses and blessings of Deuteronomy 28... MARTIN NOTH
God permitted the enemy to attack Israel because
they were worshipping other gods
What was the cycle of Judges
sin, judgement, repentance, a nd deliverance
The book of Ruth shows that God's covenant
is not limited to any boundaries-- national, racial, gender
the themes of 2 Samuel are
David's kingship, God's covenant with Jerusalem as the capital city, God's covenant with David, David sin and its consequences
David first became king
David became king over all of Israel
when he won a civil war with Saul
David's reign was the beginning
of he Israelite empire
David moved the capital and ark of the covenant to Jerusalem because
of a better location, ease political tensions, and had a good water supply
What did God promise Israel during Israel's reign
provide a place for Israel to dwell, David's son would build a temple, God would establish David's dynastic line for forever, God would establish a father-son relationship between all of David's descendants, and God's loving-kindness would never leave David's line
What did David learn from his sin with Bathsheba?
sin has consequences, but God's grace is sufficient to cover all sin when he is called on
What were the major events that aided the growing discontent with David's kingdom
Amnon's rape of Tamar, Absalom's rebellion, and Sheba's rebellion
How is 2 Samuel different from 1 Samuel?
1 Samuel was about theocracy and their want for king and 2 Samuel was about
What is the main topic of 1 Kings
theology of retribution
What is regnal formula
every king is evaluated in terms of his faithfulness to the covenant and his willingness to follow the example of King of David
what historical writings were used to write 1 Kings
annals of the king of Israel, annals of the kings of Judah, and annals of Solomon
Topics used to organize Kings
the history of king Solomon, the history of the divided kingdom, and the history of the final years or Judah
What did Solomon request when God appeared to him?
wisdom, and this pleased God because there was no request for riches or a long life or victory over enemies
Solomon's wisdom was shown when
he solved legal disputes, how he administered the nation, and hor his building program was conducted
Where did Solomon go wrong (regarding worship)
Solomon married foreign wives then compromised and added the worship of other gods
What Solomon's empire divided into
Israel in the north and Judah in the south.
Who was the first prophet and what did they do
Elijah- warn the nations
What is the time span of 1 & 2 kings
970 BC- 586 BC
Authorship of kings
what is the overarching concern of this historical work?
Theology of retribution
What is retribution theology
Obedience to God's calling brings blessing and disobedience brings failure
Why was the reign go Solomon such a tragic event
The tragedy of Solomon's life is that he failed to remain faithful to God in spite of God's obvious provisions for his kingdom. Instead of Solomon, David is the Bible's ideal king of Israel, though he never attained the political heights reached by his son. God's Word is more interested in faithfulness to the covenant than in international prestige.
What biblical office emerged during the time 1 King
The office of prophecy began to emerge based on the ministries of Elijah and Elisha. Prophets become God's instruments of warning to the king and the nation. Doom was imminent because of their sin. Elijah appears on the scene with no introduction. He reminded Ahab that Yahweh, not Baal, is God of Israel. His announcement that dew and rain would cease was a direct challenge to Baal, the Canaanite god of storm and rain--a challenge issued by Yahweh, the God of the desert.
To what is Israel's failure to complete the conquest attributed?
What is the theme of the last five chapters of Judges
they portray an age of general anarchy and lawlessness
Why was lawlessness so prevalent in Israel
because everyone did what was right in their own eyes.
How is the political situation of Israel best described during this period?
Israel wanted a king.... it was highly advised against so God gave them Judges... The Judges were not political but were people appointed by God to lead
Where did the Philistines return the ark of the covenant?
God granted Israel's request for a human king to tech them
to trust God above the world and that sometimes what they want is directly contrary to God's best for them
Was did Saul's reign fail?
he deliberately disobeyed God's commands
what were the highlights of Samuels last speech as judge?
he offered restitution to any he had wronged, told the people they have sinned against God, and urged the Israelites to follow God with all their hearts
What did David's defeat of Goliath symbolize?
spiritual principles for contemporary leaders: we should be most concerned about God's honor not ours. We should act on our faith because of God's faithfulness in the past. Even in difficult situations, we should remember that God is in control.
David moved the covenant from Kiriath- Jearim to
How did the kingdom split?
Jeroboam and Rehoboam
How was the northern kingdom built on idolatry and apostasy
They did not fully drive out the living groups that were there
Why was Judah's rebellion against God and their idolatry greater than Israel's sin?
because everyone in Judah was held to different standard
After Elijah, instrumental in the destruction of Onri dynasty
first prophet sent from God
The fall of the southern kingdom
Judah / Jerusalem conquered by Babylonians in 587 BC (Nebuchadnezzar II)
Lasts until 538 BC, Medo-Persians take over
the fall of the northern kingdom
During the reign of Jeroboam, Amos prophesied that Israel will be destroyed, then Assyria grows in power again and destroys Israel in 722.
The theme of 1 kings is
Theology of retribution
the four topics used to organize Kings are
the history of king Solomon
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