Terms in this set (16)
A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
A group of people who make the decisions and laws for a city/town
a written law passed by a legislative body
a local law
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people; reserved powers of the states
Article VI of the Constitution, which makes the Constitution, national laws, and treaties supreme over state laws when the national government is acting within its constitutional limits.
The powers explicitly given to Congress in the Constitution.
Necessary and proper Clause
constitutional authorization for Congress to make any law required to carry out its powers
powers that are not directly stated in the Constitution but belong to the national government simply because it is a government
Powers held jointly by the national and state governments.
writ of habeas corpus
A court order that requires police to bring a prisoner to court to explain why they are holding the person
bill of attainder
a law that punishes a person accused of a crime without a trial or a fair hearing in court
ex post facto
a law that would allow a person to be punished for an action that was not against the law when it was committed
full faith and credit clause
Constitution's requirement that each state accept the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other state
Privileges and Immunities Clause
states must extend to citizens of other states the same rights and privileges that are afforded to their own citizens
The legal process by which a fugitive from justice in one state is returned to that state