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The creator of the Greek Epic and The Illiad and the Odyssey. It is said the Greeks developed a written language to preserve his stories
The beginning of the poem where Homer appeals to the muses to help him tell his story well
The face that launched 1000 ships for whom the fictional war was fought. Supposedly the most beautiful woman in the world--hatched from a swan egg, daughter of Zeus
Brother of Menelaus, husband of Clytemnestra, father of Iphigenia, child killer and rapist, high king of Greece
Hero of Troy, brother of Paris, killer of Patroclus, and then killed by Achilles at end of Illiad
Why is the person Paris challenges to fight significant?
Menaleus is Helen's actual husband (versus Paris as her pretend husband). (Bk. 3)
What is the end result of the duel?
Pairs is saved by the goddess, Aphrodite who snaps the chinstrap of Paris and frees him from Menaleus. She then shrouds Paris in a mist.
What is Zeus's recommendation to the Gods about war?
The Gods should let the mortals fight it out.
Why do Hera and Athena they go against Zeus' wishes?
They want to destroy the Trojans, while Zeus is helping Achille's mother, Thetis, and letting the Trojans temporarily win the war.
Which two members of the Trojan side of note does this warrior wound?
Aphrodite (who spills ichor but cannot die) and Aniyas (Aphrodite's son)
Why Diomede's wounding of Aphrodite significant?
(1) Results in Zeus telling Aphrodite that she shouldn't be involving herself in war (reminds her that love is her realm) (2) gives the Trojans more reason to fight with Ares behind them.
What does praying before a battle/duel say about Greek/Trojan culture?
People believe their gods control the outcomes of battles and they rely on gods for strength in battle.
Greek champion, leader of Greek ships, son of King Peleus and Thetis, strongest of Greek warriors
beautiful war captive of Agamemnon and daugher of a priest of Apollo; has to be given up by Agamemnon because Apollo is angry at him for not giving her back to her priest Dad.
Prince of Troy; kidnapper of Helen; brother of Hector and son of King Priam, favored by Aphrodite
wife of Zeus; hater of Trojans; friend of Greeks, because Paris (Trojan) chose Aphrodite over her as the most beautiful.
female messenger goddess and goddess of the rainbow; supports neither side, A messenger of the gods, regarded as the goddess of the rainbow.
fire god, blacksmith god; supports Greeks more than Trojans; makes new armor for Achilles
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