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Chapter 22- Vessels and circulation

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right upper limbs and brain
What location does the right subclavian artery supply?
left side of head
What location does the left common carotid supply?
left upper limb and brain
What location does the left subclavian artery supply?
liver
What organ does the common hepatic artery supply?
supply arteries to the pancreas, small intestine, and most of large intestine
What organ does the superior mesenteric artery supply?
kidneys
What organ does the renal arteries supply?
second half of colon, rectum
What organ does the inferior mesenteric artery supply?
Muscles of the right pectoral region and axilla
What location does the axillary artery supply?
Structures of the arm
What location does the brachial artery supply?
Forearm, radial side
What location does the radial artery supply?
Forearm, ulnar side
What location does the ulnar artery supply?
Hands and fingers
What location does the palmar arch artery supply?
Pelvis and lower limbs
What location does the common iliac artery supply?
urinary bladder, internal and external walls of pelvis, external genatilia and medial side of thigh
What location does internal iliac artery supply?
lower limb
What location does the external iliac artery supply?
anteromedial surface of the thigh
What location does the femoral artery supply?
ventral and lateral regions of the skin and deep muscles of the thigh
What location does the deep femoral artery supply?
knee and leg
What location does the popliteal artery supply?
skin and muscles of anterior portion of the leg
What location does the anterior tibial artery supply?
Ankle and dorsal portion of foot
What location does the dorsalis pedis artery supply?
posterior portion of leg
What location does the posterior tibial artery supply?
head
What location do the common carotid arteries supply?
Right Subclavian Right Carotid
Two arteries formed by the division of the brachiocephalic trunk.
Coronary Arteries
First branches off the ascending aorta: serve the heart.
Inernal Carotid and Vertebral Arteries
Two paired arteries, serving the brain.
Aorta
Largest artery of the human body.
Deep Femoral
Artery that serves the posterior thigh
Phrenic
Artery that supplies the diaphragm.
Brachial
Artery that splits to form the radial and ulnar arteries.
Inferior Mesenteric
Artery that supplies the last half of the large intestine.
Brachial
Artery generally auscultated to determine blood pressure in the arm.
Internal Illiac
Artery that serves the pelvis.
Femoral
External iliac becomes this artery on entering the thigh.
Brachial
Major artery serving the arm.
Superior Mesenteric
Artery that supplies most of the small intestine.
Common Illiac Arteries
Terminal branches of the descending aorta divides into
Ciliac Trunk
Arterial trunk that has 3 major branches serving the liver, stomach, spleen.
External Carotid
Major artery, serving the tissues external to the skull.
Posterior Tibial, Anterior Tibial, Fibular
Three arteries, serving the leg inferior to the knee.
Radial
Artery generally used to feel the pulse at the wrist.
Aorta
Damage to the left semilunar valve would interfere with blood flow in this artery.
Brachiocephalic Trunk, left Common Carotid, left Subclavian
First, second and third branches off the aortic arch.
Femoral
Major artery supplying the lower limb.
Axillary
An intermediary between the subclavian and brachial arteries.
Pulmonary Arteries
Brings deoxygenated blood to the lungs.
Ascending, Aortic Arch, Descending
Parts of the aorta.
Radial, Ulnar
Branches off the brachial artery.
Internal Carotid
Compressing this artery next to the mandible can cause loss of consciousness.
Left
Which common carotid artery arises directly from the aortic arch?
Vertebral Artery
Travels through the transverse foramina of the cervical vertebrae.
Common Carotid
Divides into external and internal branches at the level of Adam's apple.
Popliteal Artery
An artery getting its name from the popliteal fossa at the rear of the knee.
Pericardial Phrenic
A branch of the subclavian artery that issues finer branches to the pericardium
intercostal arteries
Anterior and posterior _______________supply the muscles between the ribs.
Elastic arteries (conducting arteries)
--Large vessels (e.g., pulmonary trunk and aorta)
--Tunica media has many elastic fibers and few muscle cells
--Elasticity evens out pulse force
--transport large volumes of blood away from the heart.
Muscular arteries (distribution arteries)
--Are medium-sized (most arteries)
--Tunica media has many muscle cells
--Transport blood to the body's skeletal muscle and internal organs.
--Greater density of smooth muscle within the media than elastic arteries.
Arterioles
--Are small
--Have little or no tunica externa
--Have thin or incomplete tunica media
--they control the blood flow between arteries and capillaries.
--is poorly defined and the media consists of scattered smooth muscle fibers that may not form a complete layer.
1. venules (smallest)
2. medium-sized veins
3. large veins
What are three types of veins?
VENULE
the smallest venules lack a media. However, in the largest venules you will find scattered smooth muscle cells
MEDIUM-SIZED VEINS
contain a thin media and the thickest layer is the adventitia which contains longitudinal bundles of elastic and collagen fibers
LARGE VEINS
*Ex. superior and inferior venae cavae* all of the layers are thickest in large veins. Still a slender media which is surrounded by a thick adventitia, mix of elastic and collagenous fibers
...
Know all the major arteries in the body
Right Internal Carotid Artery
Identify A
Vertebral artery
Identify B
Right subclavian
Identify C
Brachiocephalic trunk
Identify D
Aortic arch
Identify E
Ascending aorta
Identify F
Axillary
Identify G
Celiac trunk
Identify H
Brachial
Identify I
Abdominal aorta
Identify J
Suprarenal artery
Identify K
Radial
Identify L
Ulnar
Identify M
External iliac
Identify O
Palmar arches
Identify N
Popliteal
Identify P
Posterior tibial
Identify Q
Anterior tibial
Identify R
Fibular
Identify O: _______ artery
Plantar arch
Identify S
Dorsalis pedis
Identify T
Descending genicular
Identify R:_______ artery
Femoral
Identify U
Deep femoral
Identify V
Internal iliac
Identify W
Common iliac
Identify X
Inferior mesenteric
Identify Y
Gonadal
Identify Z
Superior mesenteric
Identify AA
Renal
Identify BB
Diaphragm
Identify CC
Descending aorta
Identify DD
Pulmonary trunk
Identify EE
Axillary
Identify FF
Left subclavian
Identify GG
Left common carotid
Identify HH
Right common carotid
Identify II
Right external carotid artery
Identify JJ
Temporal artery
Identify KK
Systemic Venous System
Be able to identify the major veins in the body.
Dural sinuses
Identify A
Vertebral
Identify B
External jugular
Identify C
Subclavian
Identify D
Axillary
Identify E
Cephalic
Identify F
Brachial
Identify G
Basilic
Identify H
Hepatic
Identify I
Median cubital
Identify J
Radial
Identify K
Median antebrachial
Identify L
Ulnar
Identify M
Palmar venous arches
Identify N
Digital
Identify N: _______ vein
Great saphenous
Identify O
Popliteal
Identify P
Small saphenous
Identify Q
Fibular
Identify R: _______ vein
Dorsal venous arch
Identify S
Plantar venous arch
Identify R
Anterior tibial
Identify T
Posterior tibial
Identify U
Femoral
Identify V
Deep femoral
Identify W
Internal iliac
Identify X
External iliac
Identify Y
Left and right common iliac
Identify Z
Lumbar
Identify BB: _______ vein
Gonadal
Identify AA
Renal
Identify BB
Inferior vena cava
Identify CC
Intercostal
Identify DD
Superior vena cava
Identify EE
Brachiocephalic
Identify FF
Internal jugular
Identify GG
temple and scalp
What location does the temporal artery supply?
head, neck, shoulder and upper limbs
What location does brachicoephalic trunk (artery) supply?
connects ascending and descending aorta
What location does aortic arch supply?
left and right coronary arteries originate at the base of ascending aorta and branch off to the supply the heart with blood
What location does ascending aorta supply?
abdominal cavity
What location does abdominal aorta supply?
each suprarenal artery supplies a suprarenal gland
What location does suprarenal artery supply?
distal portions of foot and toes
What location does plantar arch supply?
males= testes
females= ovaries
What location does gonadal artery supply?
takes blood from the heart to the lungs
What location does pulmonary trunk supply?
the diaphragm divides the descending aorta into a superior thoracic aorta and an inferior abdominal aorta
What location does descending aorta supply?
cranium
What location is drained by the dural sinuses?
cervical spinal cord and posterior surface of the skull
What location is drained by the vertebral vein?
exterior portion of cranium
What location is drained by the external jugular vein?
receives blood from basilic vein
What location is drained by the brachial vein?
drains parts of veins in the forearm
What location is drained by the basilic vein?
interconnects the cephalic and basilic veins
What location is drained by the median cubital vein?
upper limb
What location is drained by the median antibrachial vein?
digital veins empty into the superficial and deep palmar veins of the hand
What location is drained by the palmar venous arches?
dorsal venous arch
What location is drained by the great saphenous vein?
carries blood from the knee to the thigh
What location is drained by the popliteal vein?
dorsal venous arch
What location is drained by the small saphenous vein?
blood leaving capillaries in the sole of each foot collects into a network of plantar veins
What location is drained by plantar venous arch?
collects blood from the capillaries on the dorsal surface of the foot and digital veins of the toes
What location is drained by dorsal venous arch?
anterior portion of lower leg
What location is drained by anterior tibial vein?
collects blood from deeper structures of the thigh
What location is drained by deep femoral vein?
recevies blood from deep femoral vein, great saphenous vein, femoral circumflex vein
What location is drained by the femoral vein?
drains pelvic organs
What location is drained by the internal iliac vein?
receives blood from the lower limbs, pelvis, and lower abdomen
What location is drained by the external iliac vein?
drains blood from external iliacs
What location is drained by left and right common iliac veins?
collects blood from vertebrae and body wall
What location is drained by intercostal veins?
receives blood from the head and arms and chest and empties into the right atrium of the heart
What location is drained by superior vena cava?