Encounter with Cultures Final
Terms in this set (49)
-Historical context of Native Americans since the settlement of Jamestown - see Rico and Mano Reading
1: Welch's poem basically means/says: what will it take? If I give up my culture, will you treat me like a human being? 2: Property Rights: we believe property is ours that we own individually. We use fences to indicate what's ours most of the time. Native Americans believe that property is everyone's to shar. This is why they moved around quite a bit.
-The Erdrick and Soldier readings
-The perceptions and reactions of Nerburn from the time he received the call from Wenonah inviting him to come to the reservation to the time he finished his "little trip" with Dan and Grover
-The reasons Dan wanted to have Nerburn write a book and why he was chosen to author it
he wrote previous book using the voices of other Indian children.
-The "lessons" Nerburn learned about Native Americans from Dan, Grover, and Wenonah
-The conflicting values between Nerburn's culture and that of the Native Americans and why learning to understand the values of others was critical to finishing the book.
-Dan's attitudes and beliefs about listening
-The impact of modern media on the self-perception of Native Americans
The media portrays them as savages.
-What holds many Native Americans to the reservation?
-Strengths and weaknesses of the reservation life
weaknesses: they have a different police system, they do not like whites on their land, alcohol and substance abuse rose dramatically during the times of boarding schools and are still an issue, and a lot of cultural knowledge is gone because so are the elders. Strengths: they're working on re-establishing this in themselves and in their clueless children and their adapting their culture with ours and trying to lead a more positive lifestyle with selflessness and traditional healing techniques.
-Things Dan respected and despised about White culture and about Native American culture.
-Dan's perceptions about the role of race in the lives of Whites
they always want new things and don't enjoy what they have.
Wounded Knee, located on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in southwestern South Dakota, was the site of two conflicts between North American Indians and representatives of the U.S. government. An 1890 massacre left some 150 Native Americans dead, in what was the final clash between federal troops and the Sioux. In 1973, members of the American Indian Movement occupied Wounded Knee for 71 days to protest conditions on the reservation.
-Dan's marriage and family
He married the woman from out East. They had a child: Bobby. The woman went back and remarried and had a new family.
-Nerburn's frustrations with Dan and the book project and the reasons for them
-Facts about and perspectives from "Neither Wolf Nor Dog". Review all notes.
Native Americans do not fully exemplify their culture nor are they assimilated to ours. They're not authentic to their own culture, yet they're not accepted here in our culture either.
Arab American Unit - Handouts and Ali-Karamali
-Review carefully your notes from the Kayyali readings on "The Arab World", "Arab Cultural Adaptation", and "Arab Impact on U.S. Society"
many immigrate to support family members from back home or safety. many start their own communities when immigrating. this allows for resistance to assimilation.
-Facts about and perspectives from "The Muslim Next Door". Review all notes
From an Islamic perspective, Muslims do not worship a different God. Muslims reject polytheism. No human images in Islam, including Muhammed. Muslims see Islam as continuing where Judaism and Christianity left off. Qur'an considers Jesus a high prophet, but human, not divine. Muslims believe in heaven and that it is open to Christians, Jews, and others as well as Muslims. Ali-Karamali agrees that there are things in both the Qur'an and the Bible that are not to be taken literally. Islam is more about compassion, forgiveness, and mercy than it is about punishment and fear.
-Be sure you know the basic tenets of Islam as presented in the readings and discussed in class.
5 Pillars of Islam: Belief in one God (Allah), Prayer 5 times a day (facing Mecca), Pilgrimage to Mecca, Fasting During Ramadan, and Giving to Charity. They have no formal intermediaries (pastors, popes, bishops, etc) between themselves and God. Each individual is ultimately responsible for his/her own decisions/salvation.
-Be sure you can distinguish between fact and fiction as it relates to what is and is not true about Muslim practices.
Arranged marriages no longer happen.
-The relationship between the foundations of Christianity, Judaism, and Islam
All monotheistic: All believe in the one same God. Abrahamic faiths
-The size of the Muslim faith and the portion that is Arab
1.7 billion muslims; 44 countries are majority muslim; Arabs are 16% world wide
-The basics of the history of the development of Islam:
-The Mandate Period
period between WW1 and WW2 critical time between the development of the Arab- Israeli conflict
-Individual vs. Collective focus in Arab culture
-The role of females in Arab culture and in Islam
Arab males authority is highly valued and tied to honor, but in day to day life not as dramatically different as we might think. Arabs believe that gender roles are a product of nature, not nurture. women do work outside the home. manual labor is a "man's work"
preparation of meats in arab culture
-Imam and the role of Imams
Lead prayers only
-Comparison of Shia vs. Sunni Muslims and their practices
split started when they had to find out who the successor was of muhammad. Sunni believe that leaders should be selected by community. Shia: his cousin or son should be the successor.
African American Unit - Handouts and Tison
-The 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments
abolished slavery, gave blacks the right of citizenship, and allowed blacks the right to vote.
-Grandfather clauses and "poll taxes"
Whites could barely pass literacy tests, so if grandfathers cold vote, so could you. Taxes to vote.
-Brown v Board of Education of Topeka
reverses Plessy v. Ferguson
-Plessy v Ferguson
establishes separate but equal facilities
-The voting rights act of 1965
prohibits discrimination in voting by eliminating qualifications and prerequisites to vote.
-NAACP: purpose and activities
oldest and largest civil rights organization. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. It ensures political, social, educational, and economic equality of all citizens, eliminates prejudice, enforces equality by law, and informs the public of these issues.
-"Freedom riders", "passing", "learning one's place"
people who challenged racial laws in the South in the 60s, ???, ???
-Other civil rights efforts that followed those of African Americans
Executive Orders 8802 and 9981, which prohibited racial discrimination in the national defense industry and in the armed forces.
Militant civil rights leader. African-American Muslim leader who advocated for the rights of blacks. One of the most influential African-American leaders in history.
-Martin Luther King Jr.
Leader of the African-American Civil Rights Movement. Best known for his nonviolent civil right disobedience. He received the Nobel Peace Prize for combating racial inequality with nonviolent protests.
-The "formula" for racism
formula for Racism=Prejudice+Power
-The Harlem Renaissance
a period in the 20s that was a cultural renaissance centered in Harlem around music, theater, and the arts. It was a celebration of African American culture and gave the world a new perspective of them. It ended with the American stock market crash in 1929.
An action or policy favoring those who tend to suffer from discrimination, especially in relation to employment or education.
Comes in three forms: Individual (based on biological considerations and actual discriminating behavior), Institutional (intentional or unintentional manipulation or toleration of institutional policies that affect minorities), and Cultural (subtle and most common).
unjust treatment of different categories of people or things on the grounds of race, age, sex, etc.
is highly resistant to change, even in the face of overwhelming evidence. Positive prejudice cannot be assigned by someone outside the group. Can be positive or negative, but is often regarded as negative.
a person who comes to live permanently in a foreign country.
a person who has been forced to leave their country in order to escape war, persecution, or natural disaster.